Cercis chinensis

Cercis chinensis, the Chinese redbud, (simplified Chinese: 紫荆; traditional Chinese: 紫荊; pinyin: Zĭjīng) is a plant of the family Fabaceae[1] native to China and Japan[2] that grows between 150 to 1,400 metres (490 to 4,590 ft) above sea level.

Chinese redbud
Scientific classification
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C. chinensis
Binomial name
Cercis chinensis
  • C. c. f. chinensis
  • C. c. f. pubescens
Synonyms
  • Cercis chinensis Bunge f. alba Hsu
  • Cercis chinensis Bunge f. pubescens Wei
  • Cercis chinensis Bunge f. rosea Hsu

Description

As a tree, the Chinese redbud may grow up to 15 metres (49 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of up to 50 centimetres (20 in), however, the species is normally found growing in shrub form. The flowers are pink or milky white in color whilst the leaf body is almost circular in shape, 6 to 14 centimetres (2.4 to 5.5 in) in length and tapers to a point at the end. Flowering in April, the Chinese redbud produces fruit in October.

Although hardy, in cultivation this plant requires a sheltered spot in a southerly or westerly aspect, with damp well-drained soil.[3]

The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017):[4]

  • C. chinensis ‘Avondale’[5]
  • C. chinensis ‘Don Egolf’[6]

References

  1. "The Plant List (2010) Cercis Chinensis Bunge". 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  2. "Chinese Redbud". Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  3. "Cercis chinensis". RHS. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  4. "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 17. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  5. "RHS Plantfinder - Cercis chinensis 'Avondale'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  6. "RHS Plantfinder - Cercis chinensis 'Don Egolf'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
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