Central Bureau of Investigation

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India.[3] Operating under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, the CBI is headed by the Director. Originally set up to investigate bribery and governmental corruption, in 1965 it received expanded jurisdiction to investigate breaches of central laws enforceable by the Government of India, multi-state organised crime, multi-agency or international cases.[4] The agency has been known to investigate several economic crimes, special crimes, cases of corruption and other high-profile cases.[3] CBI is exempted from the provisions of the Right to Information Act.[5] CBI is India's officially designated single point of contact for liaison with the Interpol.[6]

Central Bureau of Investigation
Crime branch overview
Formed1941 as the Special Police Establishment
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersNew Delhi, India
MottoIndustry, Impartiality, Integrity
EmployeesSanctioned: 7274
Actual: 5685
Vacant: 1589 (21.84%)
as on 1 Mar 2017[1]
Annual budget698.38 crore (US$101.0 million) (FY2018-19)[2]
Crime branch executive
Parent crime branchMinistry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The CBI headquarters are located in CGO Complex, near Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in New Delhi.

Rishi Kumar Shukla is the current director of the CBI. Latest arrest made by CBI was on 21 August 2019 to the Former Finance and Home Minister P. Chidambaram who has been accused by CBI & ED in INX Media Case. [7]


Special Police Establishment (SPE)

The Bureau of Investigation traces its origins to the Special Police Establishment, a Central Government Police force, which was set up in 1941 by the Government of India to investigate bribery and corruption in transactions with the War and Supply Department of India.[4] It had its headquarters in Lahore. The Superintendent of the SPE was Qurban Ali Khan, who later opted for Pakistan during the Partition of India.[8] The first legal adviser of the War Department was Rai Sahib Karam Chand Jain. After the end of the war, there was a continued need for a central governmental agency to investigate bribery and corruption by central-government employees.Sahib Karam Chand Jain remained its legal advisor when the department was transferred to the Home Department by the 1946 Delhi Special Police Establishment Act.[4]

This is DSPE's scope was enlarged to cover all departments of the Government of India. Its jurisdiction extended to the Union Territories, and could be further extended to the states with the consent of the state governments involved. Sardar Patel, first Deputy Prime Minister of free India and head of the Home Department, desired to weed out corruption in erstwhile princely states such as Jodhpur, Rewa and Tonk. Patel directed Legal Advisor Karam Chand Jain to monitor criminal proceedings against the dewans and chief ministers of those states. The DSPE acquired its popular current name, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), through a Home Ministry resolution dated 1.4.1963.

CBI takes shape

The CBI established a reputation as India's foremost investigative agency with the resources for complicated cases, and it was requested to assist the investigation of crimes such as murder, kidnapping and terrorism. The Supreme Court and a number of High Courts in the country also begin assigning such investigations to the CBI on the basis of petitions filed by aggrieved parties. In 1987, the CBI was divided into the following divisions: the Anti-Corruption Division, the Special Crimes Division, the Economic Offences Division, the Policy and International Police Cooperation Division, the Administration Division, the Directorate of Prosecution Division and the Central Forensic Science Laboratory Division.

D. P. Kohli

The founding director of the CBI was D. P. Kohli, who held the office from 1 April 1963 to 31 May 1968. Before this, Kohli was Inspector-general of police for the Special Police Establishment from 1955 to 1963 and held law-enforcement positions in Madhya Bharat (as chief of police), Uttar Pradesh and local central-government offices. For distinguished service, Kohli was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1967. Kohli saw in the Special Police Establishment the potential to growing into a National Investigative Agency. He nurtured the organisation during his long career as inspector general and director and laid the foundation on which the agency grew.

CBI Directors (1963–present)

Name[9] From To
D. P. Kohli1 April 196331 May 1968
F. V. Arul31 May 19686 May 1971
D. Sen6 May 197129 March 1977
S. N. Mathur29 March 19772 May 1977
C. V. Narsimhan2 May 197725 November 1977
John Lobo25 November 197730 June 1979
R. D. Singh30 June 197924 January 1980
J. S. Bajwa24 January 198028 February 1985
M. G. Katre28 February 198531 October 1989
A. P. Mukherjee31 October 198911 January 1990
R. Sekhar11 January 199014 February 1990
Vijay Karan14 February 199014 February 1990
S. K. Datta14 February 199031 July 1993
K. V. R. Rao31 July 199331 July 1996
Joginder Singh31 July 199630 June 1997
R. C. Sharma30 June 199731 January 1998
D. R. Karthikeyan (acting)31 January 199831 March 1998
T. N. Mishra (acting)31 March 19984 January 1999
R. K. Raghavan4 January 19991 April 2001
P. C. Sharma1 April 20016 December 2003
U. S. Misra6 December 20036 December 2005
Vijay Shanker Tiwari12 December 200531 July 2008
Ashwani Kumar2 August 200830 November 2010
A. P. Singh30 November 201030 November 2012
Ranjit Sinha3 December 20122 December 2014
Anil Sinha3 December 20142 December 2016
Rakesh Asthana (Special Director)3 December 2016Present (on leave)
Raaz p1 February 201710 January 2019
M. Nageshwar Rao (interim)24 October 20181 February 2019
Rishi Kumar Shukla2 February 2019Present (in-charge)


The CBI is headed by a Director, an IPS officer with a rank of Director General of Police. The director is selected by a high-profile committee constituted under The Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act, 1946 as amended through The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013, and has a two-year term. Other ranks in the CBI which may be staffed by the IRS(Indian Revenue Service) officer and the IPS are Special Director, Additional Director, Joint Director, Deputy Inspector General of Police, Senior Superintendent of Police, Superintendent of Police, Additional Superintendent of Police, Deputy Superintendent of Police. Inspector, Sub-Inspector, Assistant Sub-Inspector, Head constable, Constable which are recruited through SSC or through deputation from Police, Income Tax Department and Customs Department.

Constitutional status

Gauhati High Court had given a verdict on 6 November 2013, that CBI is unconstitutional and does not hold a legal status.[10] However, the Supreme Court of India stayed this verdict when challenged by the central government and next hearing on this is fixed on 6 December 2013.[11] Some legal experts believe that the ultimate solution for Indian government is to formulate a law for CBI as sooner or later the Supreme Court may hold the constitution of CBI unconstitutional.

Demand for greater autonomy =

Demanding independent investigations, the CBI said that although it deferred to the government's authority in non-corruption cases, the agency felt that sufficient financial and administrative powers were required by the director (including a minimum three-year tenure to ensure "functional autonomy"). "As such, it is necessary that the director, CBI, should be vested with ex-officio powers of the Secretary to the Government of India, reporting directly to the minister, without having to go through the DoPT", the agency said, adding that financial powers were not enough and it wanted a separate budget allocation.[12] Some form of autonomy has been granted by the Supreme Court of India to CBI when it held that CBI can prosecute senior bureaucrats without central government's permission. Indian Supreme Court also held that Section 6A of DSPE Act is unconstitutional.

Appointment Committee and Selection committee

The CBI Director is appointed, for not less than a term of 2 years, by the selection mechanism as mentioned in the CVC Act, 2003[13]. The Appointment Committee consists of:

When making recommendations, the committee considers the views of the outgoing director.

The Selection Committee constituted under Delhi Special Police Establishment Act 1946 nominates a certain number of names to the Appointment Committee, one among whom the Appointment Committee appoints as the CBI director. The Selection Committee consists of[14]:

Central Vigilance Commissioner Chairperson
Vigilance Commissioners Members
Secretary to the Government of India in-charge of the Ministry of Home Affairs in the Central Government Members
Secretary, Co-ordination and Public Grievances, Cabinet Secretariat Member

NDA government, on 25 November 2014, moved an amendment bill to do away with the requirement of quorum in high-profile committee while recommending the names, for the post of director CBI, to the central government by introducing the clause "no appointment of a (CBI) director shall be invalid merely by reason of any vacancy or absence of members in the panel". and to replace the LOP with leader of single largest opposition party or pre-election coalition as, as of 2019, the LOP post in the Loksabha is vacant.[15]


CBI headquarters is a 186 crore (US$27 million), 11-storey building in New Delhi, housing all branches of the agency.[16] The 7,000-square-metre (75,000 sq ft) building is equipped with a modern communications system, an advanced record-maintenance system, storage space, computerised access control and an additional facility for new technology. Interrogation rooms, cells, dormitories and conference halls are provided. The building has a staff cafeteria with a capacity of 500, men's and women's gyms, a terrace garden, and bi-level basement parking for 470 vehicles. Advanced fire-control and power-backup systems are provided, in addition to a press briefing room and media lounge.[16]

The CBI Academy in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh (east of Delhi) began in 1996.[17] It is about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the New Delhi railway station and about 65 km (40 mi) from Indira Gandhi International Airport. The 26.5-acre (10.7 ha) campus, with fields and plantations, houses the administrative, academic, hostel and residential buildings. Before the academy was built a small training centre at Lok Nayak Bhawan, New Delhi, conducted short-term in-service courses. The CBI then relied on state police-training institutions and the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy in Hyderabad for basic training courses for deputy superintendents of police, sub-inspectors and constables.

The Academy accommodates the training needs of all CBI ranks. Facilities for specialised courses are also made available to the officials of the state police, central police organisations (CPOs), public-sector vigilance organisations, bank and government departments and the Indian Armed Forces.

Jurisdiction, powers and restrictions

The legal powers of investigation of the CBI are derived from the DSPE Act 1946, which confers powers, duties, privileges and liabilities on the Delhi Special Police Establishment (CBI) and officers of the Union Territories. The central government may extend to any area (except Union Territories) the powers and jurisdiction of the CBI for investigation, subject to the consent of the government of the concerned state. Members of the CBI at or above the rank of sub-inspector may be considered officers in charge of police stations. Under the act, the CBI can investigate only with notification by the central government.

Relationship with state police

Maintaining law and order is a state responsibility as "police" is a State subject, and the jurisdiction to investigate crime lies with the state police exclusively . The CBI being a Union subject may investigate:

  • Offences against central-government employees, or concerning affairs of the central government and employees of central public-sector undertakings and public-sector banks
  • Cases involving the financial interests of the central government
  • Breaches of central laws enforceable by the Government of India
  • Major fraud or embezzlement; multi-state organised crime
  • Multi-agency or international cases

High Courts and the Supreme Court

The High Courts and the Supreme Court have the jurisdiction to order a CBI investigation into an offence alleged to have been committed in a state without the state's consent, according to a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court (in Civil Appeals 6249 and 6250 of 2001) on 17 Feb 2010. The bench ruled:

Being the protectors of civil liberties of the citizens, this Court and the High Courts have not only the power and jurisdiction but also an obligation to protect the fundamental rights, guaranteed by Part III in general and under Article 21 of the Constitution in particular, zealously and vigilantly.

Five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India, [18]

The court clarified this is an extraordinary power which must be exercised sparingly, cautiously and only in exceptional situations.[18][19]

the SC in CBI VS CBI case held that the power to remove/send on leave the director of CBI, vested in the selection committee, not with the central govt.SC says this verdict when CBI Director challenge the decision of central govt to send him on leave without his will.

Exemption from Right to Information (RTI)

CBI is exempted from the provisions of the Right to Information Act. This exemption was granted by the government on 9 June 2011 (with similar exemptions to the National Investigating Agency (NIA), the Directorate General of Income Tax Investigation and the National Intelligence Grid (Natgrid)) on the basis of national security. It was criticized by the Central Information Commission and RTI activists, who said the blanket exemption violated the letter and intent of the RTI Act.[5] The exemption was upheld in Madras High Court.

Impact and success stories

Conviction rate

The CBI has a high conviction rate:

Year Conviction rate
2011 67%[20]
2010 70.8%[21]
2009 N/A
2008 66.2%[22]
2007 67.7%[23]

Major cases solved

CBI has solved the mystery of several high-profile cases, such as 2008 Noida double murder case, Bhanwari Devi murder case, Satyam scandal,Sister Abhaya murder case INX Media case etc. (Please help expand this section by addition more cases with their summary with citations.)

Controversy and criticism


According to Supreme Court of India, the CBI has been criticized for being a "caged parrot speaking in its master's voice", due to its excessive political interference irrespective of which party happened to be in power at the time.[24][25]

Because of the CBI's political overtones,[26] it has been exposed by former officials such as Joginder Singh and B. R. Lall (director and joint director, respectively) as engaging in nepotism, wrongful prosecution and corruption. In Lall's book, Who Owns CBI, he details how investigations are manipulated and derailed.[27] Corruption within the organisation[28][29] has been revealed in information obtained under the RTI Act,[30] and RTI activist Krishnanand Tripathi has alleged harassment from the CBI to save itself from exposure via RTI.[31]

Political interference

Normally, cases assigned to the CBI are sensitive and of national importance. It is standard practice for state police departments to register cases under its jurisdiction; if necessary, the central government may transfer a case to the CBI. The agency has been criticised for its mishandling of several scams.[32][33][34] It has also been criticized for dragging its feet investigating prominent politicians, such as P. V. Narasimha Rao, Jayalalithaa, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Mayawati and Mulayam Singh Yadav; this tactic leads to their acquittal or non-prosecution.[35]

Bofors scandal

In January 2006 it was discovered that the CBI had quietly unfrozen bank accounts belonging to Italian businessman Ottavio Quattrocchi, one of those accused in the 1986 Bofors scandal which tainted the government of Rajiv Gandhi.[36] The CBI was responsible for the inquiry into the Bofors case. Associates of then-prime minister Rajiv Gandhi were linked to alleged payoffs made during the mid-1980s by Swedish arms firm AB Bofors, with US million in kickbacks moved from Britain and Panama to secret Swiss banks. The 410 howitzers purchased in the US million arms sale were reported to be inferior to those offered by a French competitor.

The CBI, which unfroze 21 crore (US$3.0 million) in a London bank in accounts held by Bofors, accused Quattrocchi and his wife Maria in 2006 but facilitated his travel by asking Interpol to take him off its wanted list on 29 April 2009. After communications from the CBI, Interpol withdrew the red corner notice on Quattrocchi.[37]

Hawala scandal

A 1991 arrest of militants in Kashmir led to a raid on hawala brokers, revealing evidence of large-scale payments to national politicians. The Jain hawala case encompassed former Union ministers Ajit Kumar Panja and P. Shiv Shankar, former Uttar Pradesh governor Motilal Vora, Bharatiya Janata Party leader Yashwant Sinha. The 20 defendants were discharged by Special Judge V. B. Gupta in the 650-million case, heard in New Delhi.

The judge ruled that there was no prima facie evidence against the accused which could be converted into legal evidence. Those freed included Bharatiya Janata Party president L. K. Advani; former Union ministers V. C. Shukla, Arjun Singh, Madhavrao Scindia, N. D. Tiwari and R. K. Dhawan, and former Delhi chief minister Madan Lal Khurana. In 1997 a ruling by late Chief Justice of India J. S. Verma listed about two dozen guidelines which, if followed, would have ensured the independence of the investigating agency. Sixteen years later, successive governments circumvent the guidelines and treat the CBI as another wing of the government. Although the prosecution was prompted by a public-interest petition, the cases concluded with no convictions. In Vineet Narain & Othrs v Union of India AIR 1996 SC 3386, the Supreme Court ruled that the Central Vigilance Commission should have a supervisory role over the CBI.[38]

Priyadarshini Mattoo murder case

In this case Santosh Kumar Singh, the alleged murderer of a 25-year-old law student, was acquitted for what the judge called "deliberate inaction" by the investigating team. The accused was the son of a high-ranking officer in the Indian Police Service, the reason for the CBI's involvement. The 1999 judgment noted that "the influence of the father of the accused has been there". Embarrassed by the judgment, CBI Director R. K. Raghavan appointed two special directors (P. C. Sharma and Gopal Achari) to study the judgement. The CBI appealed the verdict in Delhi High Court in 2000, and the court issued a warrant for the accused. The CBI applied for an early hearing in July 2006; in October the High Court found Singh guilty of rape and murder, sentencing him to death.

Sister Abhaya

This case concerns 27 March 1992 death of a nun who was found in a water well in the Saint Pius X convent hostel in Kottayam, Kerala. Five CBI investigations have failed to yield any suspects.

Sohrabuddin case

The CBI has been accused of supporting the ruling Congress Party against its opposition, the BJP. The CBI is investigating the Sohrabuddin case in Gujarat; Geeta Johri, also investigating the case, claimed that the CBI is pressuring her to falsely implicate former Gujarat minister Amit Shah.[39]

Sant Singh Chatwal case

Sant Singh Chatwal was a suspect in CBI records for 14 years. The agency had filed two charge sheets, sent letters rogatory abroad and sent a team to the United States to imprison Chatwal and his wife from 2–5 February 1997. On 30 May 2007 and 10 August 2008 former CBI directors Vijay Shankar and Ashwani Kumar, respectively, signed no-challenge orders on the imprisonment. Later, it was decided not to appeal their release.

This closed a case of bank fraud in which Chatwal had been embroiled for over a decade. Along with four others, Chatwal was charged with being part of a "criminal conspiracy" to defraud the Bank of India's New York branch of 28.32 crore (US$4.1 million). Four charges were filed by the CBI, with Chatwal named a defendant in two. The other two trials are still in progress. RTI applicant Krishnanand Tripathi was denied access to public information concerning the closed cases. The Central Information Commission later ordered the CBI to disclose the information; however, the CBI is exempt from the RTI Act (see above). Chatwal is a recipient of the Padma Bhushan.[40][41][42]

Malankara Varghese murder case

This case concerns 5 December 2002 death of T. M. Varghese (also known as Malankara Varghese), a member of the Malankara Orthodox Church managing committee and a timber merchant. Varghese Thekkekara, a priest and manager of the Angamali diocese of the rival Jacobite Syrian Christian Church (part of the Syriac Orthodox Church), was charged with murder and conspiracy on 9 May 2010. Thekkekara was not arrested after he was charged, for which the CBI was criticised by the Kerala High Court and the media.[43]

Bhopal gas tragedy

The CBI was publicly seen as ineffective in trying the 1984 Bhopal disaster case. Former CBI joint director B. R. Lall has said that he was asked to remain soft on extradition for Union Carbide CEO Warren Anderson[44] and drop the charges (which included culpable homicide). Those accused received two-year sentences.[45]

2G spectrum case

The UPA government has been accused of allocating 2G spectrum to corporations at very low prices through corrupt and illegal means. The Supreme Court cited the CBI many times for its tardiness in the investigations;[46][47] only after the court began monitoring its investigations[48][49][50] were high-profile arrests made.

Indian coal allocation scam

This is a political scandal concerning the Indian UPA government's allocation of the nation's coal deposits to private companies by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, which cost the government 10,673.03 billion (US$150 billion). CBI director Ranjit Sinha submitted an affidavit in the Supreme Court that the coal-scam status report prepared by the agency was shared with Congress Party law minister Ashwani Kumar "as desired by him" and with secretary-level officers from the prime minister's office (PMO) and the coal ministry before presenting it to the court.[51]

2008 Noida double murder case

This is a double murder case of 14-year-old girl Aarushi Talwar and 45-year-old Hemraj Banjade from Noida, India. On 26 November 2013, Parents of girl named Rajesh and Nupur Talwar were sentenced to life imprisonment for the twin murders.[52] In January 2014, the Talwars challenged the decision in the Allahabad High Court.[53] The High Court's acquitted them of all charges on 12 October 2017 because of the lack of 'irresistible proof'.[54] The Allahabad HC in its verdict said that there were loopholes in the evidence which found the parents not guilty. Court also said that CBI tampered evidences and tutored witnesses. Questions arose by nation on investigation and judgement given by CBI court.[55][56][57][58]

See also


  1. "OVER ALL VACANCY POSITION OF CBI AS ON 01.03.2017" (PDF). p. 01. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  2. "IPS officer Rishi Kumar Shukla appointed new CBI director", Times of India, 2 February 2019
  3. http://www.cbi.gov.in/aboutus/cbiroles.php
  4. "A Brief History of CBI". Central Bureau of Investigation, Government of India. Archived from the original on 18 August 2019.
  5. "Central Information Commission slams CBI's proposed exemption from RTI". 3 July 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  6. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/interpol-to-hold-general-assembly-in-india-in-2022/articleshow/71656300.cms, The Economic Times, 19 October 2019.
  7. "Rishi Kumar Shukla appointed as New CBI Director", Times of India, 2 February 2019
  8. "A Colonial Corps (The Formative Years)" (PDF), Central Bureau of Investigation: In Service of Nation, Central Bureau of Investigation, Government of India, 2010, pp. 31–50
  9. "CBI history and former directors". CBI. Archived from the original on 24 September 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  10. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/cbi-unconctitutional-illegal-guwahati-high-court/1/322095.html
  11. http://www.ndtv.com/article/cheat-sheet/supreme-court-stays-gauhati-high-court-s-order-that-held-cbi-unconstitutional-443884
  12. Unhappy with autonomy offer, CBI wants more. Indian Express (2013-06-12). Retrieved on 2013-07-18.
  13. "Central Bureau of Investigation". cbi.gov.in. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  14. "Central Bureau of Investigation". cbi.gov.in. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  15. "CVC Act" (PDF). CVC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2003. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  16. "PM inaugurates new CBI headquarters building". Indian Express. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  17. "Welcome to CBI Academy School of eLearning". cbiacademy.gov.in.
  18. "Supreme Court judgement on power of courts to order CBI probe". indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  19. "Courts can order CBI probe without states' consent: SC". The Economic Times. 17 February 2010. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  20. "cbi_annual_report_2011" (PDF). Central Bureau of Investigation. p. 107. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  21. "CBI annual report 2010" (PDF). cbi.gov.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
  22. "CBI annual report 2008" (PDF). cbi.gov.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 July 2010. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
  23. "CBI annual report 2007" (PDF). cbi.gov.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
  24. Ross Colvin and Satarupa Bhattacharjya. "A "caged parrot" - Supreme Court describes CBI". Reuters. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  25. "CBI a 'caged parrot', 'heart' of Coalgate report changed: Supreme Court". Times of India. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  26. Venky Vembu (21 March 2013). "CBI's on-off raids: How 'Congress Bureau of Investigation' works". firstpost.com. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  27. Mohan, Vishwa (27 November 2006). "Origin of Hawala funds were not traced". India Times.
  28. "CBI Arrests Own Cop in Bribery Case". The Outlook India. 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  29. "Adarsh Scam: CBI Arrests Own Lawyer, Ex-Cong MLC". 6 March 2012. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  30. Saikat Datta (21 September 2009). "Grease on the Lens". outlookindia.com. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  31. Anshuman G Dutta (4 June 2011). "CBI is harassing me". mid-day.com. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  32. "CBI has long history of listening to its political master's voice". The Sunday Guardian. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  33. "Restoring Public Confidence in CBI". outlook india. 30 December 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  34. "The Congress Bureau of Investigation: Big stick politics. Will it ever end?". Open The Magazine. 6 April 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  35. "CBI ineffective in dealing with political cases". The Guardian. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
  36. "Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) – India".
  37. "Bofors scam: Quattrocchi off CBI's wanted list". The Times of India. NEW DELHI. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  38. "Vineet Narain Case, Directions of the Court" (PDF). 2 November 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 April 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  39. J. Venkatesan (29 August 2010). "CBI putting pressure on me: Geeta Johri". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  40. Ritu Sarin (30 January 2010). "For his Padma, Chatwal should thank two directors of the CBI". The Indian Express. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  41. "CIC tells CBI to release Chatwal discharge reports". The Times of India. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  42. "CIC Judgment for disclosure of information by CBI". 11 May 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  43. "Malankara Varghese murder: HC questions CBI". The New Indian Express. 1 June 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  44. "Was told to go soft on Warren Anderson: Former CBI official". NDTV.
  45. "UCIL | The Indian Sub-continent Times". Theistimes.com. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  46. Last Updated: 14 December 20:18 pm IST (15 January 2010). "SC pulls up CBI for tardy spectrum probe". Thestatesman.co.in. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  47. "2G spectrum scam: Supreme Court pulls up CBI | India News | Indian Current Affairs | News Today India | News | Latest News | News Today". International Reporter. 29 October 2010. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  48. "2G spectrum scam: Don't let anyone influence you, says Supreme Court to CBI". Ndtv.com. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  49. "Supreme Court decides to monitor 2G scam probe: Investigations News – India Today". Indiatoday. intoday.in. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  50. "SC to monitor CBI probe into 2G spectrum scam – India News – IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  51. Liz Mathew, Sahil Makkar (26 April 2013). "Coal scam report shared with law minister: CBI". Livemint. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  52. HT Correspondent and Agencies, Hindustan Times (26 November 2013). "Rajesh and Nupur Talwar get life sentence in Aarushi-Hemraj double murder case". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  53. "Aarushi-Hemraj twin murder case: Rajesh, Nupur Talwar challenge conviction in Allahabad HC". CNN-IBN. 22 January 2014.
  54. "Allahabad High Court acquits the Talwars". NDTV.
  55. "Aarushi murder case: 'CBI tampered with evidence, tutored and planted witnesses". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  56. "Aarushi murder case: CBI, CDFD connived to put Talwars in dock, says Allahabad HC". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  57. "Aarushi-Hemraj murder case: CBI goofed up in rush to prosecute Talwars; probe agencies should get their act right". Firstpost. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  58. "Aarushi-Hemraj murder: Allahabad HC demolishes CBI, says witness was tutored and evidence tampered". The Indian Express. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.