Central American pine-oak forests

The Central American pine-oak forests ecoregion, in the tropical and subtropical coniferous forests biome, is found in Central America and Chiapas state of southern Mexico.

Central American pine-oak forests
Pine-oak forest in Chimaltenango, Guatemala
Ecology
BiomeTropical and subtropical coniferous forests
Geography
Area111,400 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
CountriesMexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua
Conservation
Conservation statusCritical/Endangered[1]
Global 200Yes

Setting

The Central American pine-oak forests occupy an area of 111,400 square kilometres (43,000 sq mi),[1] extending along the mountainous spine of Central America, extending from the Sierra Madre de Chiapas in Mexico's Chiapas state through the highlands of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras to central Nicaragua.

The pine-oak forests lie between 600–1,800 metres (2,000–5,900 ft) elevation,[1] and are surrounded at lower elevations by tropical moist forests and tropical dry forests. Higher elevations above 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) are usually covered with Central American montane forests.

Flora

The Central American pine-oak forests are composed of many species characteristic of temperate North America including oaks (Quercus spp.), pines (Pinus spp.), fir (Abies guatemalensis), and cypress (Cupressus spp.).

See also

  • Ecoregions of Central America
  • Trees of Central America

References

  1. "Central American pine-oak forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2012-11-04.


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.