Center for Open Science

The Center for Open Science is a non-profit technology organization based in Charlottesville, Virginia with a mission to "increase the openness, integrity, and reproducibility of scientific research."[1] Brian Nosek and Jeffrey Spies founded the organization in January 2013, funded mainly by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation and others, after implementation and use of the Open Science Framework (OSF).[2]

Center for Open Science,
Launched2013 (2013)
Current statusActive

The organization began with work in reproducibility of psychology research, with the large-scale "Reproducibility Project: Psychology".[3][4][5] A second reproducibility project for cancer biology research has also been started through a partnership with Science Exchange.[6] In March 2017, the Center published a detailed strategic plan.[7] Brian Nosek posted a letter outlining the history of the Center and future directions.[8]

Open Science Framework

The Open Science Framework (OSF) is an open source software project that facilitates open collaboration in science research. This framework was used to work on a project in the reproducibility of psychology research.[9][10] The current reproducibility project is a crowdsourced empirical investigation of the reproducibility of a variety of studies from psychological literature. The reproducibility project samples from three major journals: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Psychological Science, and Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.[11] Scientists from all over the world volunteer to replicate a study of their choosing from these journals, and follow a structured protocol for designing and conducting a high-powered replication of the key effect. The results were published in 2015.[12] Whilst OSF initially focused on psychology, it has since broadened into any research field.[13]

In 2016 the group released three new open source preprint services covering the fields of engineering, engrXiv, one that covers social sciences, SocArXiv, and one for psychology, PsyArXiv.[14] Currently partner repositories include: AfricArXiv, AgriXiv, arabixiv, BodoArXiv, EarthArXiv, EcoEvoRxiv, ECSarXivengrXiv, EdArXiv, FocUS Archive, Frenxiv, INA-Rxiv, indiarxiv, LawArXiv, LIS Scholarship Archive (LISSA), MarXiv, MediArXiv, MetaArXiv, MindRxiv, NutriXiv, Paleorxiv, PsyArXiv, SocArxiv, SportRxiv, and Thesis Commons (theses and dissertations).[15][16]

See also


  1. "Center for Open Science". Business Plan. January 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  2. "Our Sponsors". Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  3. "Center for Open Science". Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  4. University of Virginia (4 March 2013). "New Center for Open Science Designed to Increase Research Transparency, Provide Free Technologies for Scientists". UVA Today. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  5. Bohannon, John (5 March 2013). "Psychologists Launch a Bare-All Research Initiative". Science Magazine. Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  6. "Reproducibility Initiative Receives $1.3M Grant to Validate 50 Landmark Cancer Studies". Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  7. "COS: Strategic Plan, v2.0". Google Docs. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  8. "A Brief History of COS 2013-2017". Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  9. Estes, Sarah (20 Dec 2012). "The Myth of Self-Correcting Science". The Atlantic. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  10. Yong, Ed (16 May 2012). "Nature". Nature. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  11. "Do normative scientific practices and incentive structures produce a biased body of research evidence?".
  12. Open Science Collaboration (2015). "Estimating the reproducibility of Psychological Science" (PDF). Science. 349 (6251): aac4716. doi:10.1126/science.aac4716. PMID 26315443.
  13. "OSF | Home". Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  14. Kelly, Jane (8 December 2016). "Psychology Professor Releases Free, Open-Source, Preprint Software". UVA Today. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  15. "Six New Preprint Services Join a Growing Community Across Disciplines". Retrieved 2017-09-18.
  16. "OSF Preprints". Retrieved 2018-03-27.
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