Cavalese (German: Gaßlöss) is a comune of 4,004 inhabitants in Trentino, northern Italy, a ski resort and the main center in the Fiemme Valley. It is part of the Magnifica Comunità di Fiemme (Magnificent Community of Fiemme) and, together with Predazzo, is the administrative, cultural and historical center of the valley. The town is a renowned tourist location, during winter for cross-country and alpine sky, and during summer for excursions. The town was the site of the Cavalese cable car disaster in 1998, when a US aircraft tore down the cable-car connecting the town to the nearby Cermis mountain during a training exercise, killing 20 people.
|Comune di Cavalese|
Cavalese seen from Cermis in August 2006
Coat of arms
Location of Cavalese in Italy
Cavalese (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol)
|Coordinates: 46°17′N 11°28′E|
|Frazioni||Cascata, Cavazzal, Marco, Masi di Cavalese, Milon|
|• Mayor||Silvano Welponer|
|• Total||45 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,000 m (3,000 ft)|
|• Density||89/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Sebastian|
|Saint day||20 January|
The origins of Cavalese can be dated back to the Bronze Age, with the creation of a small settlement. The proper village developed during the 12th century, with the creation of mills, sawmills and blacksmiths for copper manufacturing along the Gambis brook. By that time, the Fiemme Valley was ruled by prince bishop of Trento, which allowed a broad autonomy to the local community (from here the name, Magnifica Comunità di Fiemme). During the 16th and 17th centuries Cavalese became the vacation resort of bishops and aristocrats from the region, who greatly contributed to the development of the village. The palace of the bishops will eventually became the abode of the Magnificent Community during the 19th century.
During the 1900s, and especially in the years following the end of World War II, the town underwent an impressive growth thanks to the development of the construction industry, craftsmanship and tourism, with the creation of numerous hotels and more accessible ways of communication.
The cable car from Cavalese to the nearby mountain Cermis has been the site of two major cable-car accidents, one in 1976 and one in 1998 (due to a U.S. Marine Corps Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler aircraft cutting the cable during a training exercise, killing 20 people). In both cases the car, descending from Cermis, fell to the ground.
A prominent role in the economic activity is occupied by the touristic sector, with the presence of numerous hotels, restaurants, and ski resorts. Of notable importance are the construction industry, craftsmanship (wood, iron and marble) and the social cheese factory.
- Narciso Bronzetti (1821–1859), Italian patriot who fought in the second war of independence with his brother Pilade.
- Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723–1788) physician and naturalist
- Michelangelo Unterperger (1695–1785) Baroque painter
- Ignaz Unterberger (1748–1797) artist
- Benedetto Riccabona de Reinchenfels (1807–1879) Austrian prince bishop of Trento
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Fonte: ISTAT - Unità amministrative, variazioni territoriali e di nome dal 1861 al 2000 - ISBN 88-458-0574-3