Castelforte

Castelforte is a town and comune in the province of Latina, in the Lazio region of central Italy. It is located at the feet of the Monti Aurunci massif.

Castelforte
Comune di Castelforte

Coat of arms
Location of Castelforte
Castelforte
Location of Castelforte in Italy
Castelforte
Castelforte (Lazio)
Coordinates: 41°18′N 13°50′E
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceLatina (LT)
FrazioniSuio
Government
  MayorGiancarlo Cardillo
Area
  Total29 km2 (11 sq mi)
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[2]
  Total4,221
  Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Castelfortesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
04021
Dialing code0771
Patron saintSt. John the Baptist
Saint dayJune 24
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Castelforte was founded most likely before the year 1000 AD. According to some scholars, it occupies the ruins of the ancient Auruncan town of Vescia, destroyed by the Romans in 340 BC (the commune includes the ruins of the large Terme Vescinae baths, in what is now the frazione of Suio).

The medieval town (Castrum Forte, meaning "Strong Castle") was a typical stronghold (probably built to counter the Saracen presence at the Garigliano) with a line of wall and rounded towers; the nearby Suio was defended by a castle. Castrum Forte's population was increased in 1320 when people from Suio moved here to flee malaria.

People from Castelforte formed two companies which fought alongside Fra' Diavolo in resistance against the French Napoleonic troops in 179899. This caused them to besiege and storm the town in the latter year. In 1807 Suio, now nearly depopulated, was aggregated to the municipality.

During the battles of Cassino of World War II, Castelforte, part of the German Gustav Line, was heavily bombed by Allied troops (194344). The city suffered hundreds of casualties in the event.

See also

Media related to Castelforte at Wikimedia Commons


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