Cass County, Minnesota
Cass County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 28,567. Its county seat is Walker. The county was formed in 1851, and was organized in 1897.
The Cass County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
|Coordinates: 46°57′N 94°19′W|
|Founded||September 1, 1851 (created)|
|Named for||Lewis Cass|
|Largest city||Lake Shore|
|• Total||2,414 sq mi (6,250 km2)|
|• Land||2,022 sq mi (5,240 km2)|
|• Water||393 sq mi (1,020 km2) 16%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||14.5/sq mi (5.6/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
A substantial portion of the Leech Lake Indian Reservation is in the county's northern portion.
Cass County was created on September 1, 1851 by the Minnesota Territory legislature, although its government was not organized until 1897. The county was formed of areas partitioned from Dakota, Mahkatah, Pembina and Wahnata Counties. It was named for Lewis Cass, a Michigan political figure of the 19th century. Before it was organized several parcels of county land were partitioned off to augment or form adjacent counties.
The Crow Wing River flows east-southeast along Cass County's southern border, and the Gull River flows southwest through the lower part, to discharge into the Crow Wing on the southern border. The terrain consists of wooded rolling hills, heavily dotted with lakes and ponds, and slopes to the south and east; its highest point is on the upper western border, at 1,614' (492m) ASL. The county has a total area of 2,414 square miles (6,250 km2), of which 2,022 square miles (5,240 km2) is land and 393 square miles (1,020 km2) (16%) is water.
- Buena Vista State Forest (part)
- Chippewa National Forest (part)
- Crow Wing State Park (part)
- Foot Hills State Forest (part)
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Walker have ranged from a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) in January to a high of 79 °F (26 °C) in July, although a record low of −44 °F (−42 °C) was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in August 1976. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.62 inches (16 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in July.
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 27,150 people, 10,893 households, and 7,734 families in the county. The population density was 13.4/sqmi (5.18/km²). There were 21,286 housing units at an average density of 10.5/sqmi (4.06/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.52% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 11.45% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.2% were of German, 15.0% Norwegian, 7.3% Swedish, 6.1% Irish and 6.1% American ancestry.
There were 10,893 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.40% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.90.
The county population contained 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 23.00% from 25 to 44, 27.90% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,332, and the median income for a family was $40,156. Males had a median income of $30,097 versus $21,232 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,189. About 9.50% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.
- Ansel Township
- Barclay Township
- Becker Township
- Beulah Township
- Birch Lake Township
- Blind Lake Township
- Boy Lake Township
- Boy River Township
- Bull Moose Township
- Bungo Township
- Byron Township
- Crooked Lake Township
- Deerfield Township
- Fairview Township
- Gould Township
- Hiram Township
- Home Brook Township
- Inguadona Township
- Kego Township
- Leech Lake Township
- Lima Township
- Loon Lake Township
- Maple Township
- May Township
- McKinley Township
- Meadow Brook Township
- Moose Lake Township
- Otter Tail Peninsula Township
- Pike Bay Township
- Pine Lake Township
- Pine River Township
- Ponto Lake Township
- Poplar Township
- Powers Township
- Remer Township
- Rogers Township
- Salem Township
- Shingobee Township
- Slater Township
- Smoky Hollow Township
- Sylvan Township
- Thunder Lake Township
- Torrey Township
- Trelipe Township
- Turtle Lake Township
- Wabedo Township
- Walden Township
- Wilkinson Township
- Wilson Township
- Woodrow Township
Cass County voters tend to vote Republican. In 78% (as of 2016) of the national elections since 1980, the county selected the Republican Party candidate.
- "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Upham, Warren. "Cass County" in Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition. Archived June 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Minnesota Historical Society Press (St. Paul, 2001) ISBN 0-87351-396-7.
- Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 53-56. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
- Cass County MN Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
- "Find an Altitude/Cass County MN" Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "Monthly Averages for Walker MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 30, 2019.
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018.