Caroline Lucas

Caroline Patricia Lucas (born 9 December 1960)[1] is a British Green Party politician who has twice led the party and has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Brighton Pavilion since the 2010 general election. She was re-elected in the 2015, 2017 and 2019 general elections, increasing her majority each time.

Caroline Lucas

Lucas in January 2018
Leader of the Green Party
In office
2 September 2016  4 September 2018
Serving with Jonathan Bartley
DeputyAmelia Womack
Preceded byNatalie Bennett
Succeeded byJonathan Bartley and
Siân Berry
In office
5 September 2008  5 September 2012
DeputyAdrian Ramsay
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byNatalie Bennett
Principal Speaker of the Green Party of England and Wales
In office
30 November 2007  5 September 2008
Preceded bySiân Berry
Succeeded byPosition abolished
In office
2003  24 November 2006
Preceded byMargaret Wright
Succeeded bySiân Berry
Member of Parliament
for Brighton Pavilion
Assumed office
6 May 2010
Preceded byDavid Lepper
Majority19,940 (34.4%)
Member of the European Parliament
for South East England
In office
14 June 1999  6 May 2010
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byKeith Taylor
Personal details
Caroline Patricia Lucas

(1960-12-09) 9 December 1960
Malvern, England, UK
Political partyGreen Party UK (1986–1990)
Green (1990–present)
Spouse(s)Richard Savage
EducationMalvern Girls' College
Alma mater

Born in Malvern in Worcestershire, Lucas graduated from the University of Exeter and the University of Kansas before receiving a PhD from the University of Exeter in 1989.[2] She joined the Green Party in 1986 and held various party roles, also serving on Oxfordshire County Council from 1993 to 1997. She was elected as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for South East England in 1999 and re-elected in 2004 and 2009,[3][4] also serving as the party's Female Principal Speaker from 2003 to 2006 and from 2007 to 2008.

Lucas was elected the first leader of the Green Party in 2008 and was elected to represent the constituency of Brighton Pavilion in the 2010 general election, becoming the party's first MP. She stood down as party leader in 2012 to devote more time to her parliamentary duties and focus on an ultimately successful campaign to be re-elected as an MP. She returned as party leader from September 2016 to September 2018, sharing the post with Jonathan Bartley.

She is known as a campaigner and writer on green economics, localisation, alternatives to globalisation, trade justice, animal welfare and food. In her time as a politician and activist, she has worked with non-governmental organisations and think tanks, including the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and Oxfam.

Early life and education

Lucas was born in Malvern in Worcestershire, to middle-class, Conservative parents[5] Peter and Valerie Lucas.[1] She is one of three children; her father ran a small central heating company, and sold solar panelling.[6][7] Her mother stayed at home to bring up their children.[8]

Lucas was educated at Malvern Girls' College (which became Malvern St James in 2006), a boarding independent school in Great Malvern. She then went to the University of Exeter, where she gained a first-class BA (Hons) in English Literature, graduating in 1983.[5][9] While at university, Lucas went on many trips to Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp and Molesworth peace camp when involved with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND). Lucas was an activist in CND and was involved in the Snowball Campaign against US military bases in the UK which involved the cutting of fences with the expectation of being arrested.[10]

Lucas won a scholarship to attend the University of Kansas between 1983 and 1984, gaining a Diploma of Journalism,[6] before studying for a PhD degree in English from the University of Exeter, awarded in 1990,[2][11] with a thesis entitled Writing for Women: a study of woman as reader in Elizabethan romance.[12] While completing her doctorate, Lucas worked as a press officer for Oxfam from 1989.[7] Later, she worked for the charity in other roles, becoming active in the Green Party, and left Oxfam in 1999.[7]

Life and career

Early political career

After being "utterly inspired" by Jonathon Porritt's book Seeing Green, Lucas joined the Green Party in 1986. She noticed that the Green Party office was in Clapham, where she was living at the time, so thought: "Right! I'm going there now, I'm just going to dedicate the rest of my life to this party'."[10] Soon afterwards she became the party's National Press Officer (1987–89) and Co-Chair (1989–90).[13] Lucas has a reputation as a party moderniser. In a 2009 Guardian interview, she told Decca Aitkenhead: "when I was putting people up to go on TV programmes I'd be saying to them, 'What are you planning to wear?', and they'd be slightly offended that I'd even think of asking the question. But I do genuinely think that has changed, a lot. It's a recognition, not that there's some kind of terrible compromise about putting on a tie, but that actually you don't want people to be focusing on what you look like but on what you're saying".[14]

When the Green Party became three separate parties in 1990 for the constituent parts of the United Kingdom, she joined the Green Party of England and Wales. Lucas served as their General Election Speaker from 1991 (for the following year's general election) and a Regional Council Member from 1997.[15]

Lucas's first success in an election came when she gained the Green Party's second council seat in the UK on Oxfordshire County Council, which she held between 1993 and 1997.[16]

Green Party MEP

Lucas was first elected as a Member of the European Parliament for the South East England Region at the 1999 elections, the first year the election was by proportional representation. In that year the Green Party gained 7.4% of the vote (110,571 votes). In November 2001, she was convicted of a breach of the peace at the Faslane nuclear base in Scotland the previous February and fined £150 for her participation in a CND sit-down protest. Conducting her own defence at the trial, she pleaded not guilty. Lucas argued that she had a right under the Human Rights Act to peaceful protest following on from her firm anti-nuclear attitudes.[17][18] Faslane is the base used for Britain's Trident nuclear programme. She was arrested for a protest at the same location in 2007. "It still seems ironic that it is a non-violent demonstration that is judged to be a breach of the peace, rather than Britain's illegal and immoral possession of nuclear weapons", she wrote at the time.[19]

Lucas was re-elected in 2004, gaining 173,351 votes (8% share), and again in the 2009 election when the party's vote under the list system rose to 271,506, or 11.6%.[20] In the European Parliament, she was a member of the Committee for Trade, Industry, Energy and Research; the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Policy;[16] the Committee on International Trade; and the Temporary Committee on Climate Change.[12]

Lucas was an early signatory of the International Simultaneous Policy (SIMPOL) which seeks to end the usual deadlock in tackling global issues. Lucas became a signatory in June 2004.[21] In addition, she is or has been Vice-President of the Animal Welfare Intergroup, a member of Intergroups on Peace Issues and Consumer Affairs, a member of the Parliament's Delegation to ACP (African Caribbean, and Pacific) countries,[16] and a member of the Delegation for Relations with the Palestinian Legislative Council.[12] As part of her committee work, she was the Parliament's Rapporteur (draftsperson) on a Commission Communication on the impact of air transport on the environment, and the Vice-President of the parliament's committee of inquiry into foot-and-mouth disease.[16]

In July 2008, Lucas joined the Green New Deal Group, an alliance of experts in finance, energy and the environment. The group put forward plans to invest in green energy, provide greater regulation of the finance sector, and strengthen ties between environmentalists, industry, agriculture, and trade unions. The proposals were put forth in response to fears over the recession, climate change, and increasing energy prices, and stressed the need for integrative policies towards tackling all three.[22]

She held the party's post of Female Principal Speaker from 2003 to 2006 and from 2007 to 2008.[12]

Green Party Leader (2008–12)

Lucas was elected as the Green Party's first leader on 5 September 2008, gaining 92% of the vote (against one other candidate, Ashley Gunstock) on a turnout of 38%. Previously the party had operated under a collective leadership. The change "was about having a face the country recognises - or hopefully", she told Decca Aitkenhead in 2009, "comes to recognise. It was in recognition of the fact that people don't really relate to abstract ideas, they relate more to the people who embody them."[14] Lucas was elected as the Green Party's first-ever MP (for Brighton Pavilion) at the general election of 2010.

In July 2010, Lucas expressed her support for seven campaigners of the Smash EDO campaign who had caused approximately £180,000 damage to an EDO MBM arms factory and were acquitted of conspiring to cause criminal damage. The jury accepted their defence of lawful excuse – action undertaken to prevent a much worse crime – because the company manufactured and sold certain components used by the Israeli military, notably in its assault on Gaza. Lucas stated that: "I am absolutely delighted the jury has recognised that the actions of the decommissioners were a legitimate response to the atrocities being committed in Gaza. I do not advocate non-violent direct action lightly ... [but] their actions were driven by the responsibility to prevent further suffering in Gaza."[23]

On 14 May 2012, Lucas announced she would be standing down as leader as of September 2012 "in order to broaden opportunities for the range of talent in the party and to raise the profiles of others aspiring to election". She added "I'm proud that during the four years of my term, we've moved Green politics forward to a higher level, with the party by far the most influential it has ever been".[24]

Brighton Pavilion

Brighton Pavilion had the highest vote in the 2005 general election for a Green Party candidate when Keith Taylor, a former Green Party Principal Speaker, gained 22% of the vote. In 2007, Lucas declared her intention to stand for the Green Party's nomination for the prospective parliamentary candidate in the Brighton Pavilion constituency for the next general election. In a letter to party members, she indicated that she would only stand if she won the internal party selection election by more than 10%, to avoid internal division. She described the move as "the most difficult decision of my life", due to "personal and family commitments" but also her "loyalty and commitment to Keith Taylor, who is a person and a politician for whom I have great admiration and respect".[25] On 18 July 2007, it was announced that Lucas had been selected by the Brighton Green Party. Lucas won with 55% of the party ballot against Keith Taylor's 45%.[4]

In May 2010, Lucas was elected as the first Green MP to Westminster with a majority of 1,252.[26] As well as being the first Green MP, Lucas was also the first woman to be elected as an MP for Brighton.[26] She delivered her maiden speech on 27 May 2010.[27]

Lucas opposed the presentation of bare-breasted models on page 3 in The Sun and in 2013 was reprimanded for transgressing the Westminster dress code by wearing a T-shirt with the logo "No More Page Three" to protest against the feature during a Commons debate.[28]

On 19 August 2013, Lucas was arrested at a non-violent protest against Cuadrilla Resources fracking operations in Sussex.[29] She was subsequently charged with obstructing a public highway but was found not guilty on 17 April 2014 at Brighton Magistrates' Court. After the hearing, Lucas said: "This judgement is right but this is not a victory or cause for celebration. We will continue to campaign to end fracking and only celebrate when our world is on the path to a clean energy future".[30]

In the 2015 general election, Lucas was re-elected with a much increased majority of 7,967 and vote share.[31] In the 2017 general election Lucas increased her majority to 14,689, elected on 52.3% of the vote.[32] Her vote majority increased again in the 2019 election by 5% with 33,151 votes.[33]

In accord with long-standing Green policy, Lucas voted in 2015 for holding the European Union Referendum, but campaigning to stay in the EU with major reform.[34][35]

Co-leader with Jonathan Bartley

On 31 May 2016, it was announced that Lucas would run for the position of the Leader of the Green Party in a job share arrangement with the welfare spokesman Jonathan Bartley in the forthcoming 2016 Green Party leadership election.[36]

On 2 September, it was announced that Lucas and Bartley had been elected with 86% of first-preference votes.[37] Lucas said the party would strive to preserve the rights of EU nationals living in Britain, and EU rules on workers’ rights and the environment, among other policies.[37]

In May 2018, Lucas announced that at the end of her two-year term in September, she would not seek re-election as co-leader of the Green Party.[38] In an article for The Guardian, Lucas wrote that "it’s now time for me to show the power of letting go".[39]

Other roles, writings and views

Lucas is vice-president of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA)[40] and has been on the National Council of CND since 2004.[41] She is also Vice Chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Peak Oil and Gas.[42] A former vice-president of the Stop the War Coalition, she resigned from the post in December 2015.[43] According to a statement from Lucas's office, her "busy parliamentary and constituency schedule means that she doesn’t have time to fully engage with the role of a patron and, in light of some recent StWC positions that she didn’t support, she felt standing down was the responsible thing to do".[44][45]

Lucas has served as an advisory board member to the International Forum on Globalisation,[46] the Centre for a Social Europe[12] and the Protect the Local, Globally think-tank.[47] She has been a Trustee of the Radiation Research Trust and Patron of the Joliba Trust (Africa). She is Matron of the Women's Environmental Network. Between 1997 and 1998, she was called upon as a Policy Adviser on Trade and Investment for the UK government's Department for International Development.[12]

Lucas is a prolific writer of reports, articles and books on the subjects of trade justice, localisation, globalisation, animal welfare and food, in which she is critical of free trade, a Single European Currency, trade-led developmental policies, genetically modified (GM) food and a lack of attention to environmental and social issues.[47] Her most substantial work is Green Alternatives to Globalisation: A Manifesto (co-authored with Mike Woodin), which advocates localisation of economies based on minimal trade and greater social and environmental concern, in opposition to neo-liberal, market-led forces of globalisation.[48]

Lucas is an advocate for reform of UK drug laws. She has called for the law to have an evidence based approach to drugs that also treats drugs as a health matter, rather than a criminal one.[49][50][51]

In early 2013, Lucas co-signed a letter which was published in The Guardian newspaper which officially marked her support for the People's Assembly movement.[52] She also gave a speech at the People's Assembly Conference, held at Westminster Central Hall on 22 June 2013. A book by Lucas on her time in parliament, Honourable Friends: Parliament and the Fight for Change, was published in 2015.[53]

In August 2015, Lucas endorsed Jeremy Corbyn's campaign in the Labour Party leadership election. She wrote in The Independent: "I've never felt so optimistic about a potential leader of the Labour Party. For the first time in my memory, the party of Keir Hardie and Clement Attlee looks likely to be led again by someone who dares to stand up for the radical changes demanded by the challenges we face."[54]

On 15 April 2018, Lucas attended the launch event of the People's Vote, a campaign group calling for a public vote on the final Brexit deal between the UK and the European Union.[55]

Lucas supports DiEM25.[56]

In August 2019, Lucas was subject to criticism for suggesting the creation of an all-female cabinet as part of a "national unity government".[57]


In her time as a politician and activist, Lucas has won the 2006 Michael Kay Award "for her outstanding contribution to European animal welfare" from the RSPCA.[58]

Lucas has won the award for Politician of the Year in The Observer Newspaper Ethical Awards three times. The award is voted for by Observer readers, who chose her to win in 2007, 2009 and 2010.[59][60][61] In 2008 she was listed by The Guardian as one of "50 people who could save the planet".[62]

In October 2008, Lucas was winner in the Trade category of The Parliament magazine MEP Awards 2008.[63] The awards are voted for by MEPs and NGOs. In April 2010 Lucas won Best UK Politician in The Independent Green Awards[64] and in November 2010 she was awarded "Newcomer of the Year" in The Spectator Parliamentarian of the Year awards.[65] In July 2011 she was awarded "Best all-rounder" in the Total Politics End of Year MP awards[66] and in September 2011 she was awarded "MP of the Year" in the Women in Public Life Awards 2011.[67] Also in 2011 she was given the Political Studies Association award for "Influencing the Political Agenda"[68] and voted "Progressive of the Year" in Left Foot Forward's readers' poll.[69]

Personal life

In 1991, Lucas married Richard Savage. The couple have two sons, one of whom is an academic at the University of California, Santa Barbara.[1][45][70] She is a pescetarian (consumes fish but no other meat),[71] telling Decca Aitkenhead in 2009, "I did try being a vegan".[14]


In 2016 a short documentary film about Lucas, One Green Seat, directed by Daniel Ifans and produced by We Are Tilt,[72][73][74] was an Official Selection at the 2017 Artemis Women In Action Film Festival in Santa Monica, California.[75]

See also


  1. Anon (2014). "Lucas, Dr. Caroline". Who's Who. (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U25060. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
  2. Lucas, Caroline (1989). Writing for women : a study of woman as a reader in Elizabethan romance. (PhD thesis). University of Exeter. OCLC 1088533841. EThOS
  3. Harris, John (8 February 2010). "Could Brighton Pavilion elect Britain's first Green MP?". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 18 December 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  4. Greens Pick MEP Lucas to Run for MP, Brighton Argus, 18 July 2007
  5. "Caroline Lucas: the Green in beige who could be Nick Clegg's nemesis". The Daily Telegraph. London. 3 September 2010.
  6. Spanner, Huw (4 February 2005). "Green Shift". Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  7. Hattenstone, Simon (28 February 2015). "Caroline Lucas: 'I'm not in politics to play about'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  8. "Green Shift".
  9. Assinder, Nick (1 April 2005). "Interview: Caroline Lucas". BBC News. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009.
  10. Lewis, Sarah (30 July 2007). "Profile on Caroline Lucas MEP". The Argus. Brighton. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  11. "Ask...Green Party Member of Parliament Caroline Lucas". University of Exeter. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  12. Dr. Caroline Lucas MEP Archived 8 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine, in the European Parliament.
  13. "Caroline Lucas". Green Party. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  14. Aitkenhead, Decc (18 May 2009). "Caroline Lucas: 'We've got to get better at painting a positive vision of a post-carbon world. This is not about sitting around a candle in a cave'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  15. Elliott, Amber (17 December 2010). "Caroline Lucas: Going it alone". Total Politics. Archived from the original on 10 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  16. "Dr Caroline Lucas MEP". 6 May 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  17. "MEP fined over nuclear base protest". BBC News. 26 November 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  18. Cramb, Auslan (27 November 2001). "I'll risk jail, says MEP fined over Faslane". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  19. Lucas, Caroline (10 January 2007). "Why it's vital to fight against this nuclear breach of peace". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  20. "South East European Election Result". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2 June 2009.
  21. MPs who have signed the Simpol Pledge: – MPs who have signed the Simpol Pledge
  22. "UK needs a 'Green New Deal'". 20 July 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  23. van der Zee, Bibi; Evans, Rob (2 July 2010). "Brighton MP declares support for acquitted Gaza campaigners". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  24. Quinn, Ben (13 May 2012). "Caroline Lucas to step down as leader of the Green party". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016.
  25. "Greens battle to be the first MP", The Argus, Brighton, 14 June 2007
  26. Walker, Peter (7 May 2010). "Green party celebrates as Caroline Lucas becomes its first MP". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 January 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  27. "Caroline Lucas delivers maiden speech to Parliament".
  28. "Caroline Lucas in Page Three T-shirt protest during debate". BBC News. 12 June 2013. Archived from the original on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
  29. "Green MP Caroline Lucas arrested at climate protest". BBC News. 19 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  30. "Green MP Caroline Lucas cleared over fracking protest". BBC News. 17 April 2014. Archived from the original on 18 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  31. "Brighton Pavilion Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  32. "Brighton Pavilion Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  33. "Green Party's Caroline Lucas increases majority". 13 December 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  34. Lucas, Caroline (21 October 2011). "Yes to an EU referendum". Caroline Lucas. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  35. Lucas, Caroline (9 June 2015). "EU Referendum". Hansard. UK Parliament. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1142. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  36. Stewart, Heather (31 May 2016). "Caroline Lucas to stand for Green party leadership as job share". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  37. Walker, Peter (2 September 2016). "Caroline Lucas and Jonathan Bartley voted joint leaders of Green party". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  38. "Caroline Lucas to step down as Green Party co-leader". BBC News. 30 May 2018.
  39. Lucas, Caroline (30 May 2018). "Why I'm not going to stand again to be Green party leader". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  40. "Patrons and vice-presidents". RSPCA.
  41. "Green MEP Re-elected To CND National Council". Green Party. Archived from the original on 16 March 2012.
  42. "Membership". All Party Parliamentary Group on Peak Oil and Gas. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  43. Hughes, Laura (8 December 2015). "Caroline Lucas resigns from Stop the War, after finding herself unable to support group's 'recent positions'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  44. Perraudin, Frances (8 December 2015). "Green MP Caroline Lucas steps down from Stop the War Coalition role". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  45. Riddell, Mary (13 December 2015). "Caroline Lucas: I don't want to be a stick to beat Jeremy Corbyn with". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  46. "Iraq violence fuelled by globalisation". Green Party News. 7 February 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  47. Dr Caroline Lucas MEP's Biography on her own website
  48. Michael Woodin and Caroline Lucas (2004). Green Alternatives to Globalisation. Pluto Press. p. 262. ISBN 0-7453-1932-7.
  49. "Drugs policy: End 'robotic rhetoric' says minister". BBC News. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  50. "Health and public services". Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  51. "Home Affairs Committee - Drugs: Breaking the Cycle - Written evidence submitted by Caroline Lucas, MP for Brighton Pavilion (DP173)". 8 December 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  52. People's Assembly opening letter "People's Assembly Against Austerity". Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 5 February 2013, The Guardian Newspaper.
  53. Caroline Lucas (5 March 2015). Honourable Friends: Parliament and the Fight for Change. Granta Publications. ISBN 978-1-84627-594-4.
  54. Lucas, Caroline (24 August 2015). "My message to Jeremy Corbyn: I can help you build a progressive majority". The Independent. Archived from the original on 15 July 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  55. "Brexit: 'People's Vote' campaign group launched". BBC News. 15 April 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  56. "Caroline Lucas on DiEM25". 9 April 2016.
  57. "Green MP criticised over all-female cabinet plan". BBC. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  58. "RSPCA Presents Lucas With 'Michael Kay' Award For Animal Welfare Work". Archived from the original on 22 April 2014.
  59. Who cares wins... Archived 28 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian
  60. The Observer Ethical Awards 2009 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian
  61. Observer Ethical Awards: Caroline Lucas, Ethical Politician Award Archived 7 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian
  62. Vidal, John; Adam, David; Watts, Jonathan; Hickman, Leo; Sample, Ian (4 January 2008). "50 people who could save the planet". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  63. "MEP Awards 2008 Winners". Archived from the original on 12 October 2009.
  64. The Green Awards: Our experts celebrate those doing most to protect our fragile environment Archived 22 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine, The Independent
  65. Parliamentarian of the Year award recipients 2010, The Spectator Archived 21 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  66. "The End of Year MP awards". Total Politics. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  67. "Women in Public Life Awards 2011". Dods Parliamentary Communications Limited. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  68. "2011 Political Studies Association Awards Ceremony" (PDF). Political Studies Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  69. "Look Left – Look back at the year". Left Foot Forward. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  70. "Theodore LeQuesne | Department of Global Studies - UC Santa Barbara". Archived from the original on 28 August 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  71. Hattenstone, Simon (28 February 2015). "Caroline Lucas: 'I'm not in politics to play about'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017. I eat fish. I stopped eating meat because it felt like something one could do practically that would make a small difference
  72. One Green Seat, retrieved 4 February 2019
  73. Tilt (3 March 2017), Bungaroosh - One Green Seat, retrieved 4 February 2019
  74. "Daniel Ifans". IMDb. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  75. "Home". Artemis Women In Action Film Festival. Retrieved 4 February 2019.


  • Caroline Lucas (2019). "Chapter 24: A political view". In Extinction Rebellion (ed.). This Is Not a Drill: An Extinction Rebellion Handbook. Penguin Books. pp. 141–145. ISBN 9780141991443.
  • Bennett, Natalie; Bütikofer, Reinhard; Jeraj, Samir; Jordan, Klina; Juniper, Tony; Lambert, Jean; Lucas, Caroline; Rüdig, Wolfgang; Scott Cato, Molly; Taylor, Keith (2019). Ward, Liam (ed.). Greens for a Better Europe: Twenty Years of Green Influence in the European Parliament, 1999-2019. London: London Publishing Partnership. ISBN 978-1-907994-88-3.
  • Fox, Liam; Lucas, Caroline; Lygo, Raymond; Beach, Hugh; Grief, Nick; Haines, Steven; Short, Clare; Hare, Tim; Lewis, Julian; Midgley, Mary (2006). Booth, Ken; Barnaby, Frank (eds.). The Future of Britain's Nuclear Weapons. London: Oxford Research Group. ISBN 978-0-9511361-9-5.
  • Lucas, C. P., Woodin, M., Green Alternatives to Globalisation: A Manifesto, 2004 ISBN 978-0-7453-1933-9
  • Lucas, C. P., Global Warming, Local Warning: A study of the likely impacts of climate change upon South East England, 2004
  • Lucas, C. P., Towards a GM free Europe: Halting the spread of GMOs in Europe, 2003
  • Jones, A., Lucas, C. P., Local Food: Benefits and Opportunities, 2003
  • Lucas, C. P., Time to Replace Globalisation, 2001
  • Lucas, C. P., Which way for the European Union: Radical Reform or Business as Usual?, 2001
  • Hines, C., Lucas, C. P., Stopping the Great Food Swap: Relocalising Europe's Food Supply, 2001
  • Lucas, C. P., From Seattle to Nice: Challenging the Free Trade Agenda at the Heart of Enlargement, 2000
  • Lucas, C. P., Woodin, M., The Euro or a Sustainable Future for Britain? A Green Critique of the Single Currency, 2000
  • Lucas, C. P., Watchful in Seattle: World Trade Organisation threats to Public Services, Food and the Environment, 1999
  • Lucas, C. P., Reforming World Trade: The Social and Environmental Priorities, 1996
  • Coote, B., Lucas, C. P., The Trade Trap, 1994
  • Lucas, Caroline (1989). Writing for Women: The Example of Woman as Reader in Elizabethan Romance. Open University Press. p. 176. ISBN 0-335-09017-6.
Party political offices
New office Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales
Succeeded by
Natalie Bennett
Preceded by
Natalie Bennett
Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales
Served alongside: Jonathan Bartley
Succeeded by
Jonathan Bartley
Siân Berry
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
David Lepper
Member of Parliament
for Brighton Pavilion

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.