Caroline Campbell, Duchess of Argyll

Caroline Campbell, Duchess of Argyll (16 December 1774 – 16 June 1835), formerly Lady Caroline Elizabeth Villiers and Caroline Paget, Lady Paget, was the wife of Henry Paget, future Marquess of Anglesey, until their divorce in 1810, and subsequently the wife of George Campbell, 6th Duke of Argyll, a friend of her first husband.[1]

Her Grace
The Duchess of Argyll
BornLady Caroline Elizabeth Villiers
(1774-12-16)16 December 1774
Died16 June 1835(1835-06-16) (aged 60)
Dumbarton, Scotland
TitleDuchess of Argyll
IssueCaroline Gordon-Lennox, Duchess of Richmond
Henry Paget, 2nd Marquess of Anglesey
Jane Conyngham, Marchioness Conyngham
Georgiana Crofton, Baroness Crofton
Augusta Templemore, Baroness Templemore
Lord William Paget
Agnes Byng, Countess of Stafford
Lord Arthur Paget
ParentsGeorge Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey
Frances Twysden

The daughter of George Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey, and his wife Frances, Caroline was married, on 5 July 1795, in London, to Lord Paget, who at that time was MP for Carnarvon.[2] He was the son of the Earl of Uxbridge. Her mother was one of the mistresses of King George IV.

They had eight children:

A portrait of Caroline with her son Henry, by John Hoppner, is held at her former marital home of Plas Newydd, now in the care of the National Trust.[3]

In 1810, prior to Paget's elevation to the peerage, the couple were divorced as a result of his affair with Lady Charlotte Wellesley, whose husband, Henry Wellesley, 1st Baron Cowley, was the brother of the Duke of Wellington.[4] Charlotte's brother Henry Cadogan challenged Paget to a duel, but neither was hurt.[5]

Caroline then sued her husband for divorce in the Scottish courts. A divorce was granted in November 1810.[6] Her second marriage, to the Duke of Argyll, took place at Canongate, Edinburgh, only three weeks later. It was the duke's only marriage, and there were no children.[7] The duchess is supposed to have told Paget's brother that she had never previously known "the superlative degree of bliss which she was now enjoying".[8]

The duchess died in Dumbarton, Scotland, aged 60, and was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery, London.[9]


  1. "CAMPBELL, George William, Mq. of Lorne (1768-1839), of Inveraray Castle, Argyll". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  2. Stooks Smith, Henry (1973) [1844–1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 594. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  3. "Lady Caroline Villiers (1774–1835), Lady Paget, Later Duchess of Argyll, with Her Eldest Son Henry (1797–1869), Later 2nd Marquess of Anglesey". Art UK. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  4. Darren Devine (29 June 2015). "How Heny Paget's bravery in the Battle of Waterloo took him from earl to Marquess of Anglesey". WalesOnline. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  5. The Marquess of Anglesey (1990). One Leg: The Life and Letters of Henry William Paget, First Marquess of Anglesey, K.G. 1768-1854. Pen and Sword. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-4738-1689-3.
  6. "Regency Scandal Most Sensational". 2013-04-01. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  7. "Lady Caroline Elizabeth Villiers". Paget family. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  8. Rory Muir (3 December 2013). Wellington: The Path to Victory 1769-1814. Yale University Press. pp. 291–. ISBN 978-0-300-18665-9.
  9. "burial register summary". deceased online. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
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