Carlos Saura

Carlos Saura Atarés (born 4 January 1932) is a Spanish film director, photographer and writer. Along with Luis Buñuel and Pedro Almodóvar, he is counted among the Spain’s three most renowned filmmakers. He has a long and prolific career that spans over half a century. Several of his films have won many international awards.

Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura in 2017
Carlos Saura Atarés

(1932-01-04) 4 January 1932
Huesca, Spain
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter, photographer
Years active1955–present
Notable work
Partner(s)Geraldine Chaplin (1967–1979)
RelativesAntonio Saura (brother)

Saura began his career in 1955 making documentary shorts. He quickly gained international prominence when his first feature-length film premiered at Cannes Film Festival in 1960. Although he started filming as a neorealist, Saura quickly switched to films encoded with metaphors and symbolism in order to get around the Spanish censors. In 1966, he was thrust into the international spotlight when his film La Caza won the Silver Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival. In the following years, he forged an international reputation for his cinematic treatment of emotional and spiritual responses to repressive political conditions.

By the 1970s, Saura was the best known filmmaker working in Spain. His films employed complex narrative devices and were frequently controversial. He won Special Jury Awards for La Prima Angélica (1973) and Cría Cuervos (1975) in Cannes; and an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film nomination in 1979 for Mama Cumple 100 Años.

In the 1980s, Saura was in the spotlight for his Flamenco trilogy – Bodas de Sangre, Carmen and El Amor Brujo, in which he combined dramatic content and flamenco dance forms. His work continued to be featured in worldwide competitions and earned numerous awards. He received two nominations for Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film, for Carmen (1983) and Tango (1998). His films are sophisticated expression of time and space fusing reality with fantasy, past with present, and memory with hallucination. In the last two decades of the 20th century, Saura has concentrated on works uniting music, dance and images.

Early life

Saura was born in Huesca, Aragón, Spain on 4 January 1932. His father, Antonio Saura Pacheco, who came from Murcia, was an attorney and civil servant. His mother, Fermina Atares Torrente, was a concert pianist. The second of their four children, Carlos had an older brother, Antonio Saura, and two younger sisters, Pilar and Angeles. Antonio became a well-known abstract expressionist painter. From their parents, the four siblings received a liberal understanding education. Because his father worked for the Ministry of the Interior, the Saura family moved to Barcelona, Valencia, and, in 1953, to Madrid. Saura’s childhood was marked by the Spanish Civil War, during which the Nationalists fought against the Republicans.

Saura has vivid recollection of his childhood during the war. He later evoked some of them in his films – the games he played, and the songs he sang, as well as darker memories of bombings and hunger, blood and death. He was taught to read by a priest – a relative whom his parents sheltered from anticlerical extremists. At the war’s end, Saura was separated from his parents and sent back to Huesca to live with his maternal grandmother and aunts. He described these relatives as “right wings and very religious” who imposed in the child the very antithesis of the liberal education he had received in the republican zone.


In 1957-1958, Saura created his first film, Cuenca. In 1962 his film Los Golfos was recognized for its strong sociological impact, to aid Spanish youth by tackling the issue of juvenile delinquency in Madrid's poorest districts. Four years later (1966), he was honored at the 16th Berlin International Film Festival, where he received the Silver Bear for Best Director for his film La caza.[1] In 1967, his film Peppermint Frappé also received the Silver Bear for Best Director at the 18th Berlin International Film Festival.[2] He won the Golden Bear in 1981 at the 31st Berlin International Film Festival for his film Deprisa, Deprisa.[3]

The films La prima Angélica (Cousin Angélica) of 1973 and Cría cuervos (Raising Ravens [from the Spanish phrase: Cria cuervos y te sacaran los ojos (Raise ravens and they will peck out your eyes)]) of 1975 received the special prize of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival. His film Mama cumple 100 años (Mom is celebrating her 100 years) was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 1980 Academy Awards.[4]

Saura later become known for movies featuring flamenco and other traditional dances. His Flamenco Trilogy of the 1980s includes Bodas de Sangre (Blood Wedding), Carmen, and El amor brujo featuring the work of Spanish flamenco dancer Cristina Hoyos. He later made the movies Flamenco (1995),[5] Tango (1998), and Fados (2007).

His 1989 film La noche oscura was entered into the 39th Berlin International Film Festival.[6]

Saura considers his film on surrealist master Luis Buñuel to be his best cinematic work. In an interview to an online film magazine,[7] he says about Buñuel y la mesa del rey Salomón (Buñuel and the table of King Solomon -2001): “That’s the greatest film I’ve ever made. I like the film but nobody else seems to like it. I’m sure Buñuel would have loved this film. But perhaps only he would have loved it. Everything you see in the film is actually based on conversations I had with him.”

In 1990, he received the Goya Award for the best director and best script for ¡Ay, Carmela!. He was chosen as director for the official film of the 1992 Olympic Games of Barcelona, Marathon (1993).

In 2008, Carlos Saura was honoured with a Global Life Time Achievement Award at the 10th Mumbai International Film Festival, organized by the Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image.[8]

In 2013, he was given a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 18th International Film Festival of Kerala.[9]

Personal life

Carlos Saura was married three times. He first married Adela Medrano in Barcelona in 1957. They had two sons, Carlos (b. 1958) and Antonio (b. 1960). On 27 December 1982 he married Mercedes Pérez. They had three sons, Manuel (b. 1980), Adrián (b. 1984) and Diego (b. 1987).

Between those two marriages, Saura had at least one known son, Shane (b. 1974), with the actress Geraldine Chaplin.[10] He is also the father of a daughter named Ana (b. December 1994) from his third marriage to actress Eulalia Ramón.[11]


As director

Selected awards and nominations

Academy Awards

  • 1980 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Mamá cumple 100 años.
  • 1984 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Carmen.
  • 1999 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Tango.


Berlin Film Festival


  • 1998 - Won: Special Award (Film Direction with a Special Visual Sensitivity).
  • 2009 - Won: Cinematographer-Director Duo Award (shared with Vittorio Storaro).

Cannes Film Festival

  • 1960 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Los golfos.
  • 1973 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Ana y los lobos.
  • 1974 - Won: Jury Prize at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival for his film La prima Angélica.
  • 1974 - Nominated: Golden Palm - La prima Angélica.
  • 1976 - Won: Grand Prix of the Jury at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival for his film Cría cuervos...
  • 1976 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Cría cuervos....
  • 1977 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Elisa, vida mía.
  • 1978 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Los ojos vendados.
  • 1983 - Won: Technical Grand Prize at the 1983 Cannes Film Festival for his film Carmen.
  • 1983 - Won: Award for Best Artistic Contribution at the 1983 Cannes Film Festival for his film Carmen.
  • 1983 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Carmen.
  • 1988 - Nominated: Golden Palm - El Dorado.

European Film Awards

  • 2004 - Won: Lifetime Achievement Award.
  • 2008 - Nominated: Best Documentary Award - Fados.

Golden Globe Awards

  • 1978 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Cría cuervos...
  • 1984 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Carmen.
  • 1999 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Tango.

Goya Awards

Karlovy Vary International Film Festival

  • 1982 - Won: Special Prize of the Jury - Bodas de sangre.
  • 2000 - Won: Special Prize for Outstanding Contribution to World Cinema.

Montréal World Film Festival

  • 1983 - Won: Most Popular Film of the Festival - Carmen.
  • 1986 - Won: Prix Special du Festival for his trilogy (Bodas de sangre, Carmen, El amor brujo), on the occasion of the presentation of El amor brujo.
  • 1995 - Won: Grand Prix Special des Amériques ("On the occasion of the centennial of cinema, for his exceptional contribution to the cinematographic art").
  • 1997 - Won: Best Director - Pajarico.
  • 1997 - Nominated: Grand Prix des Amériques - Pajarico.
  • 1999 - Won: Prize of the Ecumenical Jury - Goya en Burdeos.
  • 1999 - Won: Best Artistic Contribution - Goya en Burdeos.
  • 1999 - Nominated: Grand Prix des Amériques - Goya en Burdeos.
  • 2002 - Won: Best Artistic Contribution - Salomé.
  • 2002 - Nominated: Grand Prix des Amériques - Salomé.
  • 2004 - Won: Best Director - El 7º día.
  • 2004 - Nominated: Grand Prix des Amériques - El 7º día.

San Sebastián International Film Festival

  • 1958 - Won: Special Mention - Cuenca.
  • 1979 - Won: Special Prize of the Jury - Mamá cumple cien años.
  • 1996 - Nominated: Golden Seashell - Taxi.
  • 2001 - Nominated: Golden Seashell - Buñuel y la mesa del rey Salomón.

Venice Film Festival

  • 1968 - Nominated: Golden Lion - Stress-es tres-tres.
  • 1984 - Nominated: Golden Lion - Los zancos.
  • 1993 - Nominated: Golden Lion - ¡Dispara!.

Other awards and honours

Cinema Writers Circle Awards, Spain
  • 1970 - Won: CEC Award; Best Director - La madriguera.
  • 1977 - Won: CEC Award; Best Director - Cría cuervos...
  • 1978 - Won: CEC Award; Best Director - Elisa, vida mía.
  • 1984 - Won: CEC Award; Best Director - Carmen.
Sant Jordi Awards
  • 1967 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - La caza.
  • 1968 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - Peppermint Frappé.
  • 1972 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - El jardín de las delicias.
  • 1975 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - La prima Angélica.
  • 2000 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - Goya en Burdeos.


  1. "Berlinale: 1966 Prize Winners". Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin. 1966. Retrieved February 23, 2010.
  2. "Berlinale: 1968 Prize Winners". Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin. 1968. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  3. "Berlinale: 1981 Prize Winners". Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin. 1981. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  4. "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". Oscars. 1980. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  5. Calado, Silvia (May 2005). "Carlos Saura, director of 'Flamenco' Interview: "I struggle to open up new and daring pathways for flamenco"". Archived from the original on December 28, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  6. "Berlinale: 1989 Programme". Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin. 1989. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  7. Mishra, Bikas (May 16, 2008). "Camera is My Memory: Carlos Saura". Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  8. NewsDesk (February 22, 2008). "Spanish director Carlos Saura to get Lifetime Achievement Award at Mumbai Fest". Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  9. "IFFK award for Spanish filmmaker". The Hindu. November 2, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  10. Slater, Lydia (February 12, 2010). "Oona Chaplin: The Chaplin Kid". Evening Standard. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  11. "Carlos Saura y Eulalia Ramón se han casado". Hola! (in Spanish). Hola S.L. April 6, 2006. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.