Carlo Lombardo dei Baroni Lombardo di San Chirico (Naples, 28 November 1869 – Milan, 19 December 1959) known also under the composer-pseudonyms Léon Bard, Leo Bard, Leblanc and M. Fernandez, was an Italian operetta impresario, comedian, librettist, publisher and "composer" of pasticcio productions of other composers' music. He is regarded in Italy as the father of the late 19th and early 20th Century revival in Italian operetta.
Lombardo was responsible, in a somewhat debatable manner, for getting Pietro Mascagni to write the operetta Sì. His brother was the conductor and composer Costantino Lombardo. His publishing house, Lombardo Editore, continues to publish sheet music for operettas.
Operettas and pasticcios
- La Regina del Fonografo (The Queen of the Phonograph), music Carlo Lombardo (Leon Bard), libretto Carlo Lombardo e Gil Blas, ca. 1915
- La duchessa del Bal Tabarin, 1917
- Madama di Tebe, libretto and music by Lombardo, Milan, 7 March 1918
- Sì, music by Pietro Mascagni, Rome, Teatro Quirino, 13 December 1919
- Il re di Chez-Maxim, music Mario Pasquale Costa, 1919
- La danza delle libellule, music by Franz Lehár and Carlo Lombardo, Milan 3 May 1922
- Scugnizza, music Mario Pasquale Costa, Turin, 16 December 1922
- Il paese dei campanelli, music Virgilio Ranzato and Carlo Lombardo, Milan, Teatro Lirico, 23 November 1923
- Cin Ci La, music Virgilio Ranzato, Milan, 18 December 1925
- La casa innamorata, libretto Renato Simoni 1929
- La duquesa de Bal Tabarin – Spanish zarzuela version of the Italian operetta – Elsa del Campo, Tomás Álvarez, Dolores Pérez, Santiago Ramalle, Coros de Radio Nacional de España, Orquesta de Cámara de Madrid, Enrique Estela, director
- Silvio D'Amico (1975). Enciclopedia dello spettacolo (in Italian). 9. p. 615.
Furono celebrati in canzoni come luoghi di « perdizione e di piacere » e trovarono un aedo in Léon Bard (Carlo Lombardo), autore della Duchessa del Bal Tabarin, un'operetta del 1916 che ebbe grande successo.
- Franco Cenni (2003). Italianos no Brasil: "andiamo in 'Merica-" (in Italian). p. 438.
... e o São Paulo, sendo figuras prediletas do público os artistas Italo Bertini, Clara Weis, Lea Candini, Spinelli, França Boni e Giordanino. Foi com uma opereta de Lombardo, A Duquesa do Bal Tabarin, que no dia 25 de abril de 1921 a ...
- Alan Mallach (2002). Pietro Mascagni and His Operas. p. 230.
In mid-April he was well enough to return to Milan, where his next project came about through an unexpected visit from Carlo Lombardo, a prominent operetta composer, writer, and promoter. Lombardo was known as a confectioner of theatrical pastiches, writing libretti to the less familiar music of prominent composers. As Mascagni wrote Lolli...
- Roger Flury (2001). Pietro Mascagni: A Bio-Bibliography. p. 15.
Mascagni, however, had been tricked by the impresario and publisher Carlo Lombardo into tackling this project. Encouraged by the fact that the composer had earlier given approval for his Le maschere to be adapted as an operetta, Lombardo ...
- Opera. 38. 1987. p. 109.
Promptly on the band-wagon was Carlo Lombardo, librettist, composer and comedian, who devised pastiche entertainments by fitting old music to new words and who is said to have pressurised the composer of Cavalleria into writing Sì by ...
- Albert Ernest Wier (1938). The Macmillan Encyclopedia of Music and Musicians ... p. 1072.
Lombardo, Carlo, Italian librettist, composer, theater conductor and music publisher, born Naples, Nov. 28, 1869. Lombardo, Costantino, brother of Carlo Lombardo, Italian conductor and composer, born at Naples in 1872.
- Biography at Lombardo Editore (in Italian)