Carleton-sur-Mer is the fifth largest town of the Gaspésie's south shore, in southeastern Quebec, Canada, located on Route 132, along the Baie des Chaleurs.

Location within Avignon RCM
Location in eastern Quebec
Coordinates: 48°06′N 66°08′W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
ConstitutedOctober 4, 2000
  MayorMathieu Lapointe
  Federal ridingAvignon—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
  Prov. ridingBonaventure
  Total244.30 km2 (94.32 sq mi)
  Land221.38 km2 (85.48 sq mi)
  Density18.0/km2 (47/sq mi)
  Pop 2006-2011
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
G0C 1J0
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132

The town's territory includes the communities of Biron, Caps-de-Maria, Carleton, Robitaille, and Saint-Omer.



Around 1756, seven families of exiled Acadians arrived in Tracadigash from Bonaventure and Restigouche, following their deportation from Beaubassin, Nova-Scotia, in 1755.[4] Charles Dugas and Benjamin LeBlanc (both from Grand Pré) were the original founders. In 1772, Abbé Joseph-Mathurin Bourg, first accredited Acadien priest, arrived from Quebec City. He conducted the very first census of Tragadigash (recensement Tracadigache 1777) where he listed the following family names: Allard, Allain, Arseneau, Aubertin, Barriot, Bergeron, Berthelot, Boudreau, Bujold, Comeau, Cormier, Dugas, Francis, Landry, Leblanc, Poirier, Richard; totalling 177 persons.[5] A, later, three page correspondence to the governor, dated 7 April 1784, stated described land use "Endorsed: A list of the inhabitants of Tracadigache and the quantity of land each inhabitant has improved" which averaged 3 to 12 arpents per man.

In 1787, American Loyalists found their way to Tracadigash which eventually resulted in the parish changing its name from Saint-Joseph de Tracadièche (Tracadièche is the French spelling of Tragadigash) to Saint-Joseph de Carleton in honour of General Guy Carleton.[6]

On October 4, 2000, the municipalities of Carleton and Saint-Omer were reunited after 100 years of separation and the new town thus formed was called Carleton–Saint-Omer.[1] On May 7, 2005, the name was officially changed to Carleton-sur-Mer.[1][7]


After the arrival of the first Acadians in 1756, the territory of Saint-Omer was included in the Parish of Saint Joseph de Tracadièche and had a common history with Carleton. As more of the population shifted west, numbers eventually justified creating a new parish, and in 1899, the Parish of Saint-Omer came to be, approved by the government in 1902.[8]

For 100 years, Saint-Omer functioned as a distinct parish and municipality. Its economy depended largely on fishing, agriculture and forestry. Saint-Omer had its own elementary schools but its teenagers attended Carleton's École Polyvalente (renamed École Antoine-Bernard in 1983).[9]

On October 4, 2000, the municipalities of Saint-Omer and Carleton were united and named Carleton-Saint-Omer.[1]

Saint-Louis de Gonzague, Founded since 1864

The small agricultural and forestry village of Saint-Louis de Gonzague, 8 kilometers north of Saint-Omer, was established by the Government of Quebec to encourage economic development. The Biron section was shut down by the Quebec government in 1972. Five people remained residents of the village to work the land. In 2002, the Gaspé union paysanne held its yearly Fête de l'union paysanne gaspésienne there.[10]



Canada census – Carleton-sur-Mer community profile
2011 2006
Population: 3991 (-2.1% from 2006) 4077 (+1.7% from 2001)
Land area: 221.38 km2 (85.48 sq mi) 221.38 km2 (85.48 sq mi)
Population density: 18.0/km2 (47/sq mi) 18.4/km2 (48/sq mi)
Median age: 48.6 (M: 48.4, F: 48.9) 45.0 (M: 44.7, F: 45.4)
Total private dwellings: 2120 2044
Median household income: $44,424 $43,160
References: 2011[11] 2006[12] earlier[13]
Historical Census Data - Carleton-sur-Mer, Quebec[14]
1991P 4,116    
1996P 4,267+3.7%
2001 4,010−6.0%
2006 4,077+1.7%
2011 3,991−2.1%
(P) pre-merger combined totals for the municipalities of Saint-Omer and Carleton.


Mother tongue:[12]

  • English as first language: 2.3%
  • French as first language: 96.3%
  • English and French as first language: 0.2%
  • Other as first language: 1.1%


Carleton's economy relied historically mostly on agriculture, fishing and forest products. The deep water wharf allowed for large international vessels to load lumber. Tourism was, from the very beginnings, a significant aspect of the economy due in large part to its beaches and warm water temperature.

The Carleton Wind Farm was commissioned in 2008 and is contributing electricity to Hydro-Québec's grid.


  • The École Antoine Bernard high school and its students were the subject of the 2014 documentary film, Guidelines.[15]
  • The bilingual singer/songwriter Kevin Parent went to high school here at École Antoine-Bernard


  • Commission scolaire René-Lévesque (used to be Commission scolaire Tracadièche, from the Mi'kma "Place of many herons")[16]
  • Elementary schools: École Bourg,[17] École des Audomarois[18]
  • High school: École Antoine-Bernard de Carleton[19]
  • College: Centre d'études collégiales de Carleton (Collège de la Gaspésie et des Îles)[20]
  • Continuing education: Groupe Collégia[21]
  • University: Université du Québec à Rimouski


  • École St-Joseph Grades 1-3 Ceased operation as a primary school in about 2000;[22] demolition planned for 2015.[23]
  • École Normale Grades 3-4 (building now houses college/university offices)
  • Kindergarten (1965–1978) Now demolished small building located behind École Bourg


  • Figure skating club Les Myriades de Carleton
  • Nautical Club of Carleton inc.
  • Mont Carleton snowmobile club
  • Carleton-sur-mer kayak rentals
  • 18-hole golf course and golf association
  • Minor hockey association
  • Adult softball league
  • Bowling alley
  • Health club Carleton-Gest Mag

See also


  1. "Carleton-sur-Mer (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
  2. "Carleton-sur-Mer". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
  3. "Carleton-sur-Mer census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
  4. 1755 documents of the University of Moncton Archived July 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  5. Recensement, Carleton (anciennement Tracadièche), Québec, 1777 Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, University of Moncton
  6. "Carleton" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
  8. "Saint-Omer" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
  9. "EAB". Archived from the original on 2011-08-27. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  10. Radio Canada, Fête de l'union paysanne à Saint-Louis de Gonzague | Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine
  11. "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
  12. "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
  13. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  14. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  15. van Hoeij, Boyd (24 February 2014). "Guidelines (La Marche a suivre): Berlin Review". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  16. "Accueil". (in French).
  17. "École Bourg (Carleton)". (in French). Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  18. "École des Audomarois (Saint-Omer)". (in French). Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  19. "École Antoine-Bernard (Carleton)". (in French). Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  20. "Campus de Carleton-Sur-Mer - Cégep de la Gaspésie et des Iles". Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  21. "Groupe Collegia - Un consortium des services de formation continue". (in French). Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  22. Jean-Philippe Thibault (7 July 2015). "Google Translate". Https:. Retrieved 12 December 2016.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  23. Frederic Durand (7 Jul 2015). "Google Translate". Https:. Retrieved 12 December 2016.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)


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