Carl Brockelmann

Carl Brockelmann (17 September 1868 – 6 May 1956) German Semiticist, was the foremost orientalist of his generation. He was a professor at the universities in Breslau, Berlin and, from 1903, Königsberg. He is best known for his multi-volume Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (1937–1949) ('History of Arabic literature') which included all writers in Arabic to 1937, and remains the fundamental reference volume for all Arabic literature, apart from the Christian Arabic texts (covered by Georg Graf).

Carl Brockelmann
Born17 September 1868
Died6 May 1956 (aged 87)
OccupationGerman Author, University of Wrocław professor, Orientalist, Semiticist
Notable work
Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (1898–1902),
Lexicon Syriacum (1895),
Kurzgefasste vergleichende Grammatik der semitischen Sprachen (1908),
Abessinsche Studien (1950)

He also published Syrische Grammatik mit Litteratur, Chrestomathie und Glossar (1899), Semitische Sprachwissenschaft (1906), Lexicon syriacum (1928), and Arabische Grammatik (under his own name 1941, but this was the eleventh edition of the grammar of Albert Socin, previously revised by Brockelmann several times).


Brockelmann pursued Oriental studies, classical philology, and history in Rostock, Breslau, and Strasburg. He earned his Ph.D. in Strasburg, in 1890, under the direction of Theodor Nöldeke, and his Dr. habil. degree in Breslau in 1893. In 1900 he was appointed to a chair in Breslau, in 1903 in Königsberg, in 1910 in Halle, in 1922 in Berlin, and in 1923 in Breslau again. After his retirement in 1935 he returned to Halle/Saale, where he died.[1]


  • 1895: Lexicon Syriacum. Berlin: Reuther & Reichard; Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark. [1995 edition: ISBN 3-487-01181-6]
  • 1908: Kurzgefasste vergleichende Grammatik der semitischen Sprachen. Berlin: Reuther and Reichard.
  • 1950: Abessinsche Studien. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.


  1. "BROCKELMANN, CARL – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Retrieved 2019-01-09.

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