Captain Eddie is a 1945 American drama film directed by Lloyd Bacon, based on Seven Were Saved by "Eddie" Rickenbacker and Lt. James Whittaker's We Thought We Heard the Angels Sing. The film stars Fred MacMurray, Lynn Bari and Charles Bickford. Captain Eddie is a "biopic" of Rickenbacker, from his experiences as a flying ace during World War I to his later involvement as a pioneering figure in civil aviation, and his iconic status as a business leader who was often at odds with labour unions and the government.
|Directed by||Lloyd Bacon|
|Produced by||Winfield R. Sheehan|
|Written by||John Tucker Battle (screenplay)|
|Based on||Seven Were Saved by "Eddie" Rickenbacker and Lt. James Whittaker's We Thought We Heard the Angels Sing|
|Starring||Fred MacMurray |
|Music by||Cyril J. Mockridge|
|Edited by||James B. Clark|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$1 million|
In World War II, famed World War I pilot Eddie Rickenbacker (Fred MacMurray), while serving as a United States Army Air Forces officer, is assigned to tour South Pacific bases. On October 21, 1942, his Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress has to ditch at sea, forcing Rickenbacker, pilot Lt. James Whittaker (Lloyd Nolan), co-pilot Capt. Bill Cherry (Richard Crane) and other crew members to survive for 19 days on a tiny rubber raft.
While awaiting their rescue, Rickenbacker recalls his other adventures that have highlighted a remarkable life. From his childhood in Columbus, Ohio, marked by a passion for machinery and technology, the young man becomes a celebrated race car driver, although his mother Elise (Mary Philips) and father William (Charles Bickford) have mixed feelings about his interest in cars, and eventually, aircraft. When war breaks out, Rickenbacker signs up and becomes a fighter pilot with the 94th Aero Squadron. By war's end, he has shot down more aircraft than any other American, becoming the American "ace-of-aces".
After World War I, Rickenbacker marries his sweetheart Adelaide (Lynn Bari) and enters commercial aviation as an owner and great advocate for the fledgling airline industry. When war breaks out again, he is compelled to return to the military. Returning to the present predicament, he becomes the natural leader of the survivors. The ordeal leads to the death of one of the men from exposure, but Rickenbacker's ability to organize the dwindling supplies and keep up morale among the others, leads to their survival. After a three-week stay in a military hospital, Rickenbacker is able to complete his mission and is hailed as a true hero.
- Fred MacMurray as Captain Edward Rickenbacker
- Lynn Bari as Adelaide Frost Rickenbacker
- Charles Bickford as William Rickenbacker
- Thomas Mitchell as Ike Howard
- Lloyd Nolan as Lt. Jim Whittaker
- James Gleason as Tom Clark
- Mary Philips as Elsie Rickenbacker
- Darryl Hickman as Eddie Rickenbacker as a boy
- Spring Byington as Mrs. Frost
- Richard Conte as Pvt. John Bartek
- Charles Russell as Sgt. Jim Reynolds
- Richard Crane as Capt. Bill Cherry
- Stanley Ridges as Col. Hans Adamson
- Clem Bevans as Jabez
- Grady Sutton as Lester Thomas
- Chick Chandler as Richard Lacey
- Dwayne Hickman as Louis Rickenbacker
- Nancy June Robinson as Mary Rickenbacker
- Winifred Glyn as Emma Rickenbacker
- Gregory Marshall as Dewey Rickenbacker
- David Spencer as Albert Rickenbacker
- Elvin Field as Bill Rickenbacker
- George Mitchell as Lt. Johnny De Angelis
Principal photography for Captain Eddie began in November 1944 and continued for three months on Fox's back-lot in Los Angeles. The film received cooperation of the United States Army Air Forces, primarily coming in the form of the loan of a B-17F from the AAF's First Motion Picture Unit in Culver City, California. Crash survivor Lt. James Whittaker was also temporarily assigned to the production to serve as a technical advisor. Scenes of the ditching were done in a studio water tank, using the mock-up fuselage of a B-17.
For the World War I aerial scenes, the flying aircraft included a SPAD S.VII, Thomas-Morse Scout, Curtiss JN-4 and a pair of Nieuport 28s. Aerial coordinator Paul Mantz also loaned a Curtiss Pusher, flown from the Santa Rosa fairgrounds, serving as a pre-World War I airfield.
The world premiere for Captain Eddie was held in Rickenbacker's hometown of Columbus, Ohio, attended by a select mixture of politicians and celebrities, including the actress Carole Landis. Family members were also in attendance.
Reviews for the film were mixed, with most critics seeing it as a romanticized biography of a famous and controversial figure. Bosley Crowther in his review for The New York Times dismissed the effort as "not the story it promises to be" "... just another sentimental comedy about a kid who jumped off the barn in his youthful passion for flying and courted his girl in a merry Oldsmobile ... this is not the story of Rickenbacker— not the significant story, anyhow. And it is hardly the story to support the climax afforded by that experience on the raft." Later reviews echoed the contemporary thoughts about Captain Eddie. Leonard Maltin noted, "Routine aviation film doesn't do justice to exciting life of Eddie Rickenbacker; it's standard stuff."
- Scenes from Men with Wings (1938) were incorporated into the World War I sequence.
- Tranberg 2014
- Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century-Fox: A Corporate and Financial History Rowman & Littlefield, 2002 p 221
- Orriss 2013, p. 109.
- Orriss 2013, p. 110.
- Hardwick and Schnepf 1983, p. 54.
- Gans 2008, pp. 147–148.
- Orriss 2013, p. 111.
- Crowther, Bosley. "Captain Eddie (1945); The sceen; Captain Eddie,' Sentimental romance about Rickenbacker, with Fred MacMurray, makes its appearance at the Roxy." The New York Times, August 9, 1945.
- Maltin 2009, p. 210.
- "The 18th Academy Awards (1946) Nominees and Winners." oscars.org. Retrieved: August 31, 2014.
- Gans, Eric. Carole Landis: A Most Beautiful Girl. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2008. ISBN 978-0-7864-2200-5.
- Hardwick, Jack and Ed Schnepf. "A Buff's Guide to Aviation Movies". Air Progress Aviation, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 1983.
- Maltin, Leonard. Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide 2009. New York: New American Library, 2009 (originally published as TV Movies, then Leonard Maltin’s Movie & Video Guide), First edition 1969, published annually since 1988. ISBN 978-0-451-22468-2.
- Orriss, Bruce W. When Hollywood Ruled the Skies: The Aviation Film Classics of World War I. Los Angeles: Aero Associates, 2013. ISBN 978-0-692-02004-3.
- Tranberg, Charles. Fred MacMurray: A Biography. Albany, Georgia: Bear Manor Media, 2014. ISBN 978-0-8108-2315-0.