|Primary users||Regia Aeronautica|
Hungarian Air Force
Paraguayan Air Arm
The Caproni Ca.309 was designed by Cesare Pallavicino, based on the Ca.308 Borea transport. It was intended to replace the obsolete IMAM Ro.1 biplane, and to serve as a reconnaissance and ground-attack aircraft.
The aircraft was also produced in Bulgaria. That variant, 24 of which were built, was known as the Kaproni-Bulgarski KB 6/KB 309 Papagal.
After the loss of the African colonies the surviving planes were returned to Italy, where they were used as transports. Two Ghiblis were bought by the Paraguayan government for its Military Air Arm. They were used as transport planes from 1939 to 1945 and in that year they were transferred to Líneas Aéreas de Transporte Nacional (LATN), the Paraguayan first airline which was run by the Military Aviation. They were in active service until the early 1950s and later sold to a private Argentine owner.
- Regia Aeronautica, operated 243 Caproni Ca.309
- Paraguayan Air Arm (two Ca.309)
- Líneas Aéreas de Transporte Nacional (LATN) used two ex-Paraguayan Air Arm Ca.309s
Specifications (Ca.309 production)
- Crew: 3
- Length: 13.2906 m (43 ft 7.25 in)
- Wingspan: 16.2 m (53 ft 2 in)
- Height: 3.04 m (10 ft 0 in)
- Wing area: 38.7 m2 (417 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 1,960 kg (4,321 lb)
- Gross weight: 2,930 kg (6,460 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Alfa Romeo 115-II (or 115-I) 6-cylinder inverted air-cooled in-line piston engines, 291 kW (390 hp) each
- Propellers: 2-bladed variable-pitch propellers
- Maximum speed: 250 km/h (160 mph, 130 kn)
- Cruise speed: 249 km/h (155 mph, 134 kn) maximum
- 209 km/h (130 mph; 113 kn) economical
- Landing speed: 84 km/h (52 mph; 45 kn)
- Range: 671 km (417 mi, 362 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 4,499 m (14,760 ft)
- Time to altitude: 2,890 m (9,480 ft) in 17 minutes 30 seconds
- Guns: 3 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) Breda SAFAT machine guns
- Bombs: up to 330 kg
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caproni Ca.309.|
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-09-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Chen, C. Peter. "Ca.309 Ghibli Transport".
- Section Storia: History of the "Ghibli" in Libya during WWII (in Italian)
- "Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli", Ali e uomini [Wings and men] (in Italian).
- "Italian Air Force Aircraft Types". www.aeroflight.co.uk.
- Thompson, Jonathon W. (1963). Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930–1945. USA: Aero Publishers Inc. pp. 106–108. ISBN 0-8168-6500-0.