Caproni

Caproni was an Italian aircraft manufacturer founded in 1908 by Giovanni Battista "Gianni" Caproni. It was initially named, from 1911, Società de Agostini e Caproni, then Società Caproni e Comitti. Caproni made the first aircraft of Italian construction in 1911. The manufacturing facilities were based in Taliedo, a peripheral district of Milan, close to Linate Airport, and for the Caproni Vizzola division, in Vizzola Ticino, close to Milan–Malpensa Airport.

Caproni
joint-stock company 
IndustryAerospace
FateNow part of Agusta
PredecessorNational Aeronautical Company 
Founded1908
FounderGiovanni Battista Caproni 
Defunct1950
HeadquartersItaly
ProductsTransport aircraft
Bombers
Experimental planes
Air force trainers
Seaplanes
SubsidiariesCaproni Bergamasca
Caproni Vizzola
Reggiane
Isotta Fraschini

During World War I Caproni developed a series of successful heavy bombers, used by the Italian, French, British and American air forces. Between the two world wars, Caproni evolved into a large syndicate named Società Italiana Caproni, Milano, which bought some smaller manufacturers. The main subdivisions were Caproni Bergamasca, Caproni Vizzola, Reggiane and the engine manufacturer Isotta Fraschini.

Between the world wars, Caproni produced mostly bombers and light transport aircraft. The Società Italiana Caproni ceased to exist in 1950, although one of its divisions, Caproni Vizzola, endured until 1983 when it was bought by Agusta.

Aircraft

From [1][2]

Pre-World War I

World War I

Inter-war period

  • Caproni Ca.30 – Postwar redesignation of Ca.1
  • Caproni Ca.33 – Postwar redesignatipn of Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.34 – Postwar redesignation of proposed modified Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.35 – Postwar redesignation of proposed modified Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.36 – Postwar redesignation of modified Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.37 – Postwar redesignation of prototype ground-attack version of Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.39 – Postwar redesignation of proposed seaplane version of Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.40 – Postwar redesignation of Ca.4 prototype
  • Caproni Ca.41 – Postwar redesignation of Ca.4 variant
  • Caproni Ca.42 – Postwar redesignation of Ca.4 variant
  • Caproni Ca.43 – Postwar redesignation of floatplane variant of Ca.4
  • Caproni Ca.44 – Postwar redesignation of Ca.5 heavy bomber
  • Caproni Ca.45 – Postwar redesignation of Ca.5 aircraft built for France
  • Caproni Ca.46 – Postwar redesignation of Ca.5 variant
  • Caproni Ca.47 – Postwar redesignation of seaplane version of Ca.5
  • Caproni Ca.48 – Airliner version of Ca.4
  • Caproni Ca.49 – Proposed seaplane airliner of 1919
  • Caproni Ca.50 – Air ambulance version of Ca.44
  • Caproni Ca.51 – Postwar redesignation of prototype of enlarged Ca.4
  • Caproni Ca.52 – Postwar redesignation for Ca.4 aircraft built for Royal Naval Air Service
  • Caproni Ca.56 – Airliner version of Ca.1
  • Caproni Ca.57 – Airliner version of Ca.44
  • Caproni Ca.58 – Postwar redesignation for re-engined Ca.4s
  • Caproni Ca.59 – Postwar redesignation for exported Ca.58s
  • Caproni Ca.60 Noviplano – Flying boat airliner prototype
  • Caproni Ca.64 - fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.65 - fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.66 - Four-engine, single-fuselage bomber of 1922
  • Caproni Ca.68 - reconnaissance flying boat project
  • Caproni Ca.69 - reconnaissance flying boat project
  • Caproni Ca.70 – Prototype night fighter of 1925
  • Caproni Ca.71 – Ca.70 variant of 1927
  • Caproni Ca.73 – Airliner and light bomber
  • Caproni Ca.74 – Re-engined Ca.73 light bomber
  • Caproni Ca.75 - biplane bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.76 - biplane bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.77 - biplane bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.78 - biplane bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.80 – Later redesignation of Ca.74
  • Caproni Ca.81 - reconnaissance monoplane project
  • Caproni Ca.82 – Redesignation of Ca.73ter variant
  • Caproni Ca.83 - monoplane fighter
  • Caproni Ca.84 - biplane flying boat project
  • Caproni Ca.85 - biplane flying boat project
  • Caproni Ca.86 - biplane flying boat project
  • Caproni Ca.88 – Redesignation of Ca.73quarter variant
  • Caproni Ca.89 – Redesignation of Ca.73quarterG variant
  • Caproni Ca.90 – Heavy bomber aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.92 - reconnaissance biplane project
  • Caproni Ca.93 - biplane bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.94 - 4-engine monoplane heavy bomber
  • Caproni Ca.95 - Heavy bomber aircraft, 1933
  • Caproni Ca.96 - 4-engine biplane heavy bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.97 – Civil utility aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.98 - monoplane tourer
  • Caproni Ca.99 - biplane tourer
  • Caproni Ca.100 – Trainer
  • Caproni Ca.101 – Airliner, transport, and bomber
  • Caproni Ca.102 – Re-engined Ca.101
  • Caproni Ca.106 - civil biplane project
  • Caproni Ca.107 - biplane fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.108 - mailplane project
  • Caproni Ca.109 - 2-seat biplane sport/trainer
  • Caproni Ca.110 - biplane fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.111 – Reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber
  • Caproni Ca.113 – Advanced trainer
  • Caproni Ca.114 – Biplane fighter
  • Caproni Ca.115 - twin-engined sesquiplane bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.116 - sports biplane project
  • Caproni Ca.117 - experimental high-altitude monoplane project
  • Caproni Ca.118 - twin-engine monoplane bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.119 - reconnaissance biplane project
  • Caproni Ca.121 - fast monoplane bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.122 – Prototype bomber and transport
  • Caproni Ca.123 – Proposed airliner version of Ca.122
  • Caproni Ca.124 – Reconnaissance and bomber floatplane
  • Caproni Ca.125 – Two-seat touring biplane
  • Caproni Ca.126 - monoplane sports aircraft project
  • Caproni Ca.128 - low-wing metal monoplane 1+4 feederliner project
  • Caproni Ca.129 - low-wing metal monoplane 1+4 feederliner project
  • Caproni Ca.130 - trimotor transport, precursor of Caproni Ca.133
  • Caproni Ca.132 – Prototype bomber and airliner
  • Caproni Ca.134 – Reconnaissance biplane
  • Caproni Ca.150 - twin-boom attack fighter
  • Caproni Ca.153 - monoplane heavy fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.154 - twin-engine monoplane heavy fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.155 - twin-engine monoplane heavy fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.156 - twin-engined heavy fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.161 – High-altitude experimental aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.162 - recce-fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.163 – Prototype of Ca.164
  • Caproni Ca.165 – Prototype fighter of 1938
  • Caproni Ca.204 - long-range bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.211 - three-engine long-range bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.201 - high altitude bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.205 - long-range bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.214 - aerobatic trainer project
  • Caproni Ca.301 – Prototype fighter
  • Caproni A.P.1 – Attack aircraft derivative of Ca.301
  • Caproni Ca.305 – First production version of A.P.1
  • Caproni Ca.306 – Airliner prototype (1935)
  • Caproni Ca.307 – Second production version of A.P.1
  • Caproni Ca.308 – Export version of A.P.1 for El Salvador and Paraguay
  • Caproni Ca. 308 Borea – Airliner
  • Caproni Ca.345 - recce floatplane project
  • Caproni Ca.350 – Fighter-bomber, reconnaissance aircraft
  • Caproni-Reggiane Ca.400 – Caproni-Reggiane-built version of Piaggio P.32 medium bomber
  • Caproni Ca.401 - twin-engine recce-fighter
  • Caproni Ca.405 – Caproni-built version of Piaggio P.32 medium bomber
  • Caproni Ca.410 - twin-engined recce-bomber floatplane project
  • Caproni CH.1 – Prototype fighter of 1935
  • Caproni PS.1 – Sports aircraft
  • Caproni Bergamaschi PL.3 – Long-distance racer aircraft
  • Caproni-Pensuti triplane – Sports triplane of 1919
  • Caproni Sauro-1 – Two-seat touring aircraft
  • Caproni Vizzola F.5 – Fighter of 1939
  • Stipa-Caproni – Experimental ducted-fan powered prototype of 1932

World War II

  • Caproni Ca.133 – Transport and bomber
  • Caproni Ca.135 – Medium bomber
  • Caproni Ca.148 – Civil-military transport version of Ca.133
  • Caproni Ca.164 – Trainer and liaison and reconnaissance aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli – Reconnaissance, ground-attack, and transport aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.310 Libeccio – Reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber
  • Caproni Ca.311 – Light bomber and reconnaissance aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.312 – Re-engined version of Ca.310 sold to Norway
  • Caproni Ca.313 – Reconnaissance bomber, trainer, and transport
  • Caproni Ca.314 – Ground-attack aircraft and torpedo bomber
  • Caproni Ca.316 – Seaplane
  • Caproni Ca.320 - three-engine bomber
  • Caproni Ca.325 – Proposed version of Ca.135 medium bomber with more powerful engines, built in mock-up form only
  • Caproni Ca.330 - Project
  • Caproni Ca.331 – Prototype tactical reconnaissance aircraft/light bomber (Ca.331 O.A./Ca.331A) of 1940 and prototype night fighter (Ca.331 C.N./Ca.331B) of 1942
  • Caproni Ca.332 - Project; derived from Ca.330
  • Caproni Ca.335 – Fighter-bomber, reconnaissance aircraft for the Belgian Air Force.
  • Caproni Ca.360 - Twin engine dive bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.365 - Twin engine bomber project
  • Caproni Ca.370 - twin engine combat plane project
  • Caproni Ca.375 - twin engine combat plane project
  • Caproni Ca.380 - twin-boom fighter project
  • Caproni Ca.381 - twin-boom fighter project
  • Caproni Campini N.1 – Experimental motorjet-powered aircraft of 1940
  • Caproni Campini Ca.183bis – Proposed high-altitude fighter aircraft
  • Caproni Vizzola F.4 – Fighter prototype of 1940 with German-made engine
  • Caproni Vizzola F.5bis – Proposed version of F.4 with Italian-made engine
  • Caproni Vizzola F.6 – Fighter prototype of 1941 (F.6M) and 1943 (F.6Z)

Post-World War II

See also

References

  1. Gianni Caproni, Biplano Ca 90 , in Gli Aeroplani Caproni - Projects Studies Realizations from 1908 to 1935 , Milan, Edizioni d'arte Emilio Bestetti, 1937, pp. 229-45, ISBN not existing.
  2. AA.VV., Caproni Ca.90 , in Grande Enciclopedia Aeronautica , Milan, Edizioni Aeronautica L. Mancini, 1936, p. 154, ISBN not existing.


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