Cap-de-la-Madeleine is a former city in Quebec, Canada at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice River and the St. Lawrence River. It was amalgamated into the City of Trois-Rivières in 2002. Population (2006 census) 33,022.

Basilica of Cap-de-la-Madeleine
Coordinates: 45°26′25″N 73°42′20″W
IncorporatedMarch 20, 1651
MergedJanuary 1, 2002
Electoral Districts

  MayorJean Lamarche
  Federal MP(s)Lise St-Denis (Lib)
  Quebec MNA(s)Noella Champagne (PQ)
  Land18.26 km2 (7.05 sq mi)
  Density1,808.4/km2 (4,684/sq mi)
  Change (2001-06)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Area code(s)819
Access Routes[2]

Route 157


Cap-de-la-Madeleine was founded March 20, 1651. The establishment was named by Jacques de La Ferté, who was abbot of Sainte-Madeleine de Châteaudun in France.

The city is famous for its basilica, Basilique Notre-Dame du Cap, dedicated to Our Lady of the Cape. The Basilica receives thousands of pilgrims and visitors each year. Pilgrims are drawn to the site because it is considered to be the place where two miracles were performed by the Blessed Virgin Mary, the first being the Miracle of the Ice Bridge (1879) and the other being the Miracle of the Eyes (1888). The first official pilgrimage occurred in 1883 and consisted of roughly 150 people who travelled to the location by foot.[3] The site is considered the first pilgrimage site in North America, excluding Mexico.

During World War II the Royal Canadian Air Force built and operated No. 11 Elementary Flying Training School as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan[4] in Cap-de-la-Madelaine. The school opened on October 14, 1940 and closed on February 11, 1944. The airfield was located in what is now a residential area of near rue Saint Maurice and rue de Grandmont (46°23′00″N 072°31′00″W)[5]

The inhabitants call themselves Madelinois and Madelinoise.

Other interesting sites

  • Fort Saint-François: built 1660 and late abandoned with no visible traces remaining on what is now Notre dame du Cap Sanctuary
  • Fort du Moulin-à-Vent: built between 1649 and 1653; now a residential area

Notable people from Cap-de-la-Madeleine


In addition to the general works on Trois-Rivières and Mauricie, here are some books specifically on the Cap-de-la-Madeleine:

  1. Maurice Loranger, Histoire de Cap-de-la-Madeleine (1651-1986), Cap-de-la-Madeleine, published on author's account, 1987, 337 pages (this book has no ISBN number)(in French)
  2. Maurice Loranger, Aperçu historique de la paroisse Sainte-Marie-Madeleine du Cap-de-la-Madeleine à l'occasion du tricentenaire de son érection canonique, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, [s.é.], 1978, 112 p.(in French)
  3. Maurice Loranger, La chronique madelinoise, 1651-2001 [et] Les maires de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, City of Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 2001, 103 p.(in French)
  4. Maurice Loranger, 125 ans de régime municipal au Cap-de-la-Madeleine, published by "Société d'histoire du Cap-de-la-Madeleine", 1981, 66 p.(in French)
  5. Paul-Émile Breton, o.m.i., Cap-de-la-Madeleine, cité mystique de Marie, Trois-Rivières, Imprimerie Saint-Joseph, 1937, 213 pages.(in French)
  6. François De Lagrave, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 1651-2001. Une ville d'une singulière destinée, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Éditions of Template:350e of Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 2002, 1288 p.(in French)
  7. Album-souvenir des fêtes du Template:50e de la paroisse Saint-Lazare [de] Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 1927-1977, [s.é.], 1977, 125 p.(in French)
  8. Marie-Hélène Campagna, Louis-Pierre Légaré et Amilie Picard, Inventaire architectural. Cap-de-la-Madeleine. Rues Fusey et Sainte-Madeleine, Département d'aménagement, Université Laval, avril 1997, 38 p.(in French)
  9. Martin Dubois and Anne-Marie Bussières, Patrimoine du centre-ville de Cap-de-la-Madeleine. Historique des propriétés. Rues Fusey, Saint-Laurent et Sainte-Madeleine. (Répertoire), Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Rues principales de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, janvier 1999, 97 p.(in French)
  10. Martin Dubois et Anne-Marie Bussières, Patrimoine du centre-ville de Cap-de-la-Madeleine. Guide d'intervention, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Main streets of Cap-de-la-Madeleine, January 1999, 76 p.(in French)
  11. Yannick Gendron, Grandes gens, petites histoires, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 1651-2001, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Corporation des fêtes du Template:350e de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 2001, 104 p.(in French)
  12. Répertoire des édifices anciens [et] Historique des noms de rues de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Corporation des fêtes du Template:350e de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 2001, 138 p.(in French)
  13. Patri-Arch, Inventaire du patrimoine bâti de la ville de Trois-Rivières, Secteur Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Trois-Rivières, City of Trois-Rivières, 2010, 85 pages.(in French)
  14. Cap-de-la-Madeleine 1673-1920 - Répertoire de mariages, publication no. C002, published by "Le Club de généalogie de Longueuil", 1986, 105 p.(in French)


  1. Statistics Canada (January 12, 2008). "Trois-Rivières- 2006 Community Profiles". Retrieved January 13, 2008.
  2. Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. Hatch, F. J. (1983). The Aerodrome of Democracy: Canada and the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, 1939-1945. Ottawa: Directorate of History, Department of National Defence. ISBN 0660114437.
  5. Air Navigation Edition Parent-Three Rivers (Map) (23 February 1944 ed.). Cartography by Hydrographic and Map Service. Canada Department of Mines and Resources, Surveys and Engineering Branch.
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