A cantonment (/kænˈtɒnmənt/, /kænˈtnmənt/, or UK: /kænˈtnmənt/) is a military or police quarters.[1]

The word cantonment derives from the French word canton meaning corner or district[2] and describes a place during a military campaign, such as winter quarters, where units of an army may be encamped for longer periods than they are during advances and retreats. The term shares an etymological origin with the Swiss Cantons though the meaning has widely diverged.

In South Asia, the term cantonment also describes permanent military stations.[1] Cantonments can be found in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, South Africa, Singapore, Malaysia, Ghana, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. In United States military parlance, a cantonment is an essentially permanent residential (i.e. barracks) section of a fort or other military installation such as Fort Hood.


During a campaign, cantonments are places of encampment formed by troops for a more permanent stay, or while in winter quarters.[1] For example, at the start of the Waterloo campaign in 1815, while the Duke of Wellington's headquarters were in Brussels, most of his Anglo-allied army of 93,000 were cantoned to the south of Brussels.[3]

List of permanent cantonments


The former Sherpur Cantonment in Kabul, Afghanistan - site of the 1879 Siege of the Sherpur Cantonment in the Second Anglo-Afghan War - is now maintained as a British Military Cemetery.



The Indian Army maintains a training mission in Bhutan, known as the Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT), responsible for the military training of RBA and RBG personnel. [8] RBA and RBG officers are sent for training at the National Defence Academy (NDA) in Pune, and Indian Military Academy (IMA) in Dehradun. [9] Project DANTAK of the Border Roads Organisation, a sub-division of the Indian Army Corps of Engineers, has been operating in Bhutan since May 1961. Since then Project DANTAK has been responsible for the construction and maintenance of over 1,500 km of roads and bridges, Paro Airport and a disused airfield at Yangphula, heliports, and other infrastructure. [10] While these serve India's strategic defence needs, it is also an obvious economic benefit for the people of Bhutan. [edit]Army aviation The Royal Bhutan Army relies on Eastern Air Command of the Indian Air Force for air assistance. In recent years India has helped Bhutan start to develop its military in all areas through military donations and training. [11] Indian Air Force helicopters evacuated RBA casualties to India for treatment during Operation All Clear in 2003

British India

Many cities in the Indian subcontinent, such as Ahmedabad, Ambala, Belgaum, Bangalore, Danapur, Jabalpur, Kanpur, Bathinda, Delhi, Meerut, Pune, Peshawar, Ramgarh, Rawalpindi, Sialkot, Secunderabad, and Trichy, contained large cantonments of the former British Indian Army, with Meerut and Ramgarh being the most important cantonments in North India after the headquarters at Rawalpindi. Meerut was established in 1803 and was for 150 years the biggest cantonment in the region. While in the 18th and 19th century cantonments in India were viewed as semi-permanent, by the turn of the 20th century they became permanent garrisons, and were further entrenched as such via the military reforms of Lord Kitchener in 1903 and the Cantonments Act of 1924.[4]




In Singapore, the term is used to denote a Police Cantonment.[7]

Sri Lanka

United States

The United States military commonly uses the term "cantonment" to describe the permanent facilities at U.S. Army training bases as opposed to the field training areas. Cantonment areas often include housing (such as barracks and maid-service quarters), dining facilities, training classrooms, exchanges, and paved air fields.[8]


There are 62 'notified Cantonments' in India occupying an area of 1,57,000 acres: 25 in Central Command, 19 in Southern Command, 13 in Western Command, 4 in Eastern Command; and one in the Northern Command.[9] In addition 15,096,000 acres is in use for military garrisons, "quartering, camping, offices", and training areas.[9] Major cantonments and garrisons are:

Notified Cantonments

  1. Agra Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  2. Ahmedabad Cantonment, Gujarat, Southern Command
  3. Ahmednagar Cantonment,
  4. Varanasi Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command

Maharashtra, Southern Command

  1. Ajmer Cantonment, Rajasthan, Southern Command
  2. Allahabad Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  3. Almora Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  4. Ambala Cantonment, Haryana, Western Command
  5. Amritsar Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  6. Aurangabad Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  7. Babina Cantonment,Jhasi,Uttar Pradesh, Southern Command
  8. Badamibagh Cantonment, Jammu and Kashmir, Northern Command
  9. Bakloh Cantonment, Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  10. Bareilly Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  11. Barrackpore, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  12. Belgaum Cantonment, Karnataka, Southern Command
  13. Cannanore Cantonment, Kerala, Southern Command
  14. Chakrata Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  15. Clement Town Cantonment, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  16. Dagshai Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  17. Dalhousie Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  18. Danapur Cantonment, Bihar, Central Command
  19. Dehradun Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  20. Dehu Road Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  21. Delhi Cantonment, Delhi, Western Command
  22. Deolali Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  23. Dum Dum Cantonment,West Bengal,Eastern Command
  24. Faizabad Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  25. Faizabad New Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  26. Fatehgarh Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  27. Ferozepur Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  28. Gopalpur Cantonment, Odisha, Central Command
  29. Jabalpur Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  30. Jalandhar Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  31. Jalapahar, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  32. Jammu Cantonment, Jammu and Kashmir, Western Command
  33. Jhansi Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Southern Command
  34. Jutogh Cantonment, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  35. Kamptee Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  36. Kanpur Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  37. Kasauli Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  38. Khas Yol Cantonment, Kangara, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  39. Kirkee Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  40. Landour Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  41. Lansdowne Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  42. Lebong, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  43. Lucknow Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  44. Mathura Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  45. Meerut Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  46. Mhow Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  47. Morar Cantonment, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, Southern Command
  48. Nainital Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  49. Nasirabad Cantonment, Rajasthan, Southern Command
  50. Pachmarhi Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  51. Pune Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  52. Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand, Central Command
  53. Ranikhet Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  54. Roorkee Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  55. Saugor Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Southern Command
  56. Secunderabad Cantonment, Telangana, Southern Command
  57. Shahajahanpur Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  58. Shillong Cantonment, Meghalaya, Eastern Command
  59. St. Thomas Mount Cantonment, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Southern Command
  60. Subathu Cantonment, Shimla Hills, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  61. Wellington Cantonment, Tamil Nadu, Southern Command

Unlisted Military Cantonments

  1. Abohar Cantonment (Abohar, Punjab)
  2. Varanasi Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  3. Akhnoor Cantonment (Akhnoor, Jammu and Kashmir)
  4. Baddowal Cantonment (Ludhiana, Punjab)
  5. Bangalore Cantonment (Bangalore, Karnataka)
  6. Bikaner Cantonment (Bikaner, Rajasthan)
  7. Bhatinda Cantonment (Bhatinda, Punjab)
  8. Bhuj Cantonment (Bhuj, Gujarat)
  9. Bhopal Cantonment (Madhya Pradesh)
  10. Chandimandir Cantonment (Chandigarh)
  11. Faridkot Cantonment (Faridkot, Punjab)
  12. Fazilka Cantonment (Fazilka, Punjab)
  13. Gandhinagar Cantonment (Gandhinagar, Gujarat)
  14. Gopalpur Cantonment (Brahmapur, Orissa)
  15. Narengi Cantonment (Guwahati, Assam)
  16. Hisar Cantt (Hisar, Haryana)
  17. Itarana Cantonment (Alwar, Rajasthan)
  18. Jaipur Cantonment (Jaipur, Rajasthan)
  19. Jaisalmer Cantonment (Jaisalmer, Rajasthan)
  20. Jodhpur Cantonment (Rajasthan)
  21. Joshimath Cantonment (Joshimath, Uttarakhand)
  22. Kapurthala Cantonment (Kapurthala, Punjab)
  23. Khasa Cantonment (Amritsar, Punjab)
  24. Ludhiana Cantonment (Punjab)
  25. Mamun Cantonment (Pathankot, Punjab)
  26. Missamari Cantonment (Missamari, Assam)
  27. Nagrota Cantonment (Nagrota, Jammu & Kashmir)
  28. Pathankot Cantonment (Pathankot, Punjab)
  29. Patiala Cantonment (Punjab)
  30. Pithoragarh Cantonment (Pithoragarh , Uttarakhand)
  31. Dipatoli Cantonment (Ranchi, Jharkhand)
  32. Shahjahanpur Cantonment (Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh)
  33. Solmara Cantonment (Tezpur, Assam)
  34. Sri Ganganagar Cantonment (Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan)
  35. Suratgarh Cantonment (Suratgarh, Rajasthan)
  36. Thiruvananthapuram Cantonment (Thiruvanthapuram, Kerala)
  37. Tibri Cantonment (Hoshiarpur, Punjab)
  38. Udhampur Cantonment (Udhampur, Jammu & Kashmir)
  39. Vadodra Cantonment (Vadodra, Gujarat)

Unlisted Military Stations

See also


  1. Oxford English Dictionary cantonment
  2. Oxford English Dictionary cantonment and canton, v.
  3. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition Waterloo Campaign
  4. Sheikh, M. O. Lahore Cantonment
  5. "Military: Khuzdar Cantonment" Global Security
  6. "Sarhad Conservation Network® Reports: Book on Peshawar Cantonment Launched". 27 October 2009. Archived from the original on 27 October 2009.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  7. "Singapore Police Force". Archived from the original on 4 July 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  8. "Marseilles Training Center". Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  9. "Directorate General Defence Estates Main menu". Directorate General Defence Estates. Retrieved 30 December 2013.

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