Canterbury (UK Parliament constituency)

Canterbury is a constituency[n 1] in Kent, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.[n 2]

Canterbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Canterbury in Kent
Location of Kent within England
CountyKent
Population109,280 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate73,779 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsCanterbury, Whitstable
Current constituency
Created1918
Member of Parliamentvacant
Number of membersOne
1295–1918
Number of members1295–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth East England

The seat dates to the earliest century of regular parliaments, in 1295; it elected two MPs until 1885, electing one thereafter, before being altered by the later-termed Fourth Reform Act in 1918 (the first being in 1832).

History

Constitutional status of seat

The widened Canterbury constituency was formed from an expansion of the narrow parliamentary borough (or simply borough) of the same name that existed from 1295 to 1918. This had elected two MPs from 1295 (the Model Parliament) until 1885, and then one until 1918.

Political history

From 1835 (where a Conservative was elected on petition) until 2017, the local electorate elected candidates of the Conservative Party (with the exception of the election of Independent Unionist Francis Bennett-Goldney, MP from 1910–18); the seat was recognised in the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest uninterrupted period of one party holding a Parliamentary seat. The election of Labour's Rosie Duffield, who won the seat by just 187 votes in the 2017 election, marked the end of a 185-year period of Canterbury always electing Conservative-allied MPs, the longest recorded broken record for party representation in British political history.

Boundaries

1918–1950: The County Borough of Canterbury, the Urban Districts of Herne Bay and Whitstable, the Rural Districts of Bridge and Elham, and the Rural District of Blean with the detached parts of the civil parishes of Dunkirk and Hernhill which were wholly surrounded by the rural district.

1950–1983: The County Borough of Canterbury, the Urban Districts of Herne Bay and Whitstable, and the Rural District of Bridge Blean.

1983–1997: The City of Canterbury wards of Barham Downs, Barton, Blean Forest, Chartham, Chestfield, Gorrell, Harbledown, Harbour, Little Stour, Marshside, Northgate, North Nailbourne, St Stephen's, Seasalter, Stone Street, Sturry North, Sturry South, Swalecliffe, Tankerton, Westgate, and Wincheap, and the Borough of Swale wards of Boughton and Courtenay.

1997–2010: as above but with the wards of Boughton and Courtenay removed.

2010–present: The City of Canterbury wards of Barham Downs, Barton, Blean Forest, Chartham and Stone Street, Chestfield and Swalecliffe, Gorrell, Harbledown, Harbour, Little Stour, North Nailbourne, Northgate, St Stephen's, Seasalter, Sturry North, Sturry South, Tankerton, Westgate, and Wincheap.

Canterbury constituency comprises the larger part of the City of Canterbury District, containing the city and surrounding villages, together with the coastal town of Whitstable, but excluding the town of Herne Bay which is in the North Thanet constituency (although it was in this seat before the 1983 redistribution). The wards containing the smaller rural villages are mostly Conservative, but Labour saw strong support in 2017 in Canterbury itself and Whitstable.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1295-1660MPs 1660-1880MPs 1885-1918MPs 1918-2017ElectionsSee alsoNotes and references

Parliamentary borough of Canterbury

MPs 1295–1660

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1386Thomas HoltJohn Symme[3]
1388 (Feb)John MendhamWilliam Ellis[3]
1388 (Sep)John CrekingJohn Wimpole[3]
1390 (Jan)Thomas LincolnThomas Ickham[3]
1390 (Nov)
1391Edmund HorneJohn Proude[3]
1393John SextonRichard Gervays[3]
1394John ProudeRobert Farthing[3]
1395William EllisThomas Ickham[3]
1397 (Jan)Richard GervaysJohn Sexton[3]
1397 (Sep)Edmund HorneRobert Farthing[3]
1399John Sheldwich IThomas Lane[3]
1401Thomas IckhamJohn Pirie[3]
1402John Sheldwich IRobert Cooper[3]
1404 (Jan)Thomas ChiccheJohn Sexton[3]
1404 (Oct)John UmfrayJohn Haute[3]
1406Edmund HorneRichard Water[3]
1407John SextonRichard Water[3]
1410Thomas LaneHenry Lynde[3]
1411William IckhamWilliam Rose[3]
1413 (Feb)William LaneJohn Sheldwich II[3]
1413 (May)Thomas LaneWilliam Emery[3]
1414 (Apr)Richard WaterJohn Sheldwich II[3]
1414 (Nov)Thomas LaneJohn Sheldwich II[3]
1415John Sheldwich II[3]
1416 (Mar)Henry LyndeJohn Sheldwich II[3]
1416 (Oct)William IckhamWilliam Benet[3]
1417John Sheldwich IIHenry Lynde[3]
1419John MonynJohn Sheldwich II[3]
1420William BenetWilliam Ickham[3]
1421 (May)John Sheldwich IIWilliam Lane[3]
1421 (Dec)Thomas LangdonThomas Norman[3]
1425William Benet [4]
1435William Benet [4]
1450William Benet [4]
1483Sir George Browne (died 1483)
1489John Crysp [5]
1504Thomas Atwode
1510William CrumpThomas Atwode[6]
1512Thomas WainfleetJohn Hales I[6]
1515Thomas AtwodeJohn Hales I[6]
1523Christopher HalesJohn Bridges[6]
1529Thomas Atwode, died
and repl. by Feb 1535 by
Robert Darknall
John Bridges[6]
1536Robert DarknallJohn Bridges[6]
1539John StarkeyRobert Lewis[6]
1542Robert DarknallWalter Hendley[6]
1545Robert Lewis?[6]
1547Robert DarknallThomas Hales[6]
1553 (Mar)Robert DarknallGeorge Webbe[6]
1553 (Oct)John TwyneWilliam Coppyn[6]
1554 (Apr)John TwyneWilliam Coppyn[6]
1554 (Nov)Nicholas FishRichard Railton[6]
1558Sir Henry CrispeWilliam Roper[6]
1558/9Sir Thomas FinchGeorge Maye[7]
1562/3William LovelaceRobert Alcock[7]
1571William Lovelace}Robert Alcock[7]
1572Anthony Webbe, died
and repl. 1582 by
Sir George Carey
William Lovelace, died
and repl. 1578 by ?
[7]
1584Simon BromeJohn Rose[7][8]
1586Simon BromeJohn Rose[7]
1588Simon BromeBartholomew Brome[7]
1593Richard LeeSir Henry Finch[7]
1597John BoysSir Henry Finch[7]
1601John BoysJohn Rogers II[7]
1604John BoysMatthew Hadde
1614George NewmanSir William Lovelace
1621–1622John FinchSir Robert Newington
1624Thomas ScotThomas Denn
1625John FisherSir Thomas Wilsford
1626Sir John FinchJames Palmer
1628–1629Sir John FinchThomas Scott
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr)Edward MastersJohn Nutt
1640 (Nov)Sir Edward MastersJohn Nutt
1645Sir Edward MastersJohn Nutt
1648Sir Edward MastersJohn Nutt
1653Canterbury not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654Thomas ScotFrancis Butcher
1656Thomas St NicholasVincent Denne
1659Thomas St NicholasRobert Gibbon
1659Sir Edward MastersJohn Nutt

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MPs 1660–1880

Election First member[9] Party Second member[9] Party
1660 Sir Anthony Aucher Heneage Finch
1661 Francis Lovelace Sir Edward Master
1664 Thomas Hardres
Feb 1679 Edward Hales William Jacob
Aug 1679 Sir Thomas Hardres
1681 Lewis Watson Vincent Denne
1685 Sir William Honywood, Bt Henry Lee
1695 George Sayer
1698 Henry Lee
1705 John Hardres
1708 Edward Watson Thomas D'Aeth
1710 John Hardres Henry Lee
1715 Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
1722 Samuel Milles
1727 Sir William Hardres, Bt[10]
1734[10] Thomas May
1735[10] Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
1741 Thomas Watson Thomas Best
1746 by-election Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
1747 Matthew Robinson
1754 Sir James Creed
1761 Richard Milles Thomas Best
1768 William Lynch
1774 Sir William Mayne
1780 George Gipps Charles Robinson
1790 Sir John Honywood, Bt
1796 John Baker Whig[11] Samuel Elias Sawbridge Whig[11]
Election declared void 2 Mar 1797
Mar 1797 by-election John Baker Whig[11] Samuel Elias Sawbridge Whig[11]
May 1797 Sir John Honywood, Bt Tory[11] George Gipps Tory[11]
1800 by-election George Watson
1802 John Baker Whig[11]
1806 James Simmons
Feb 1807 by-election Samuel Elias Sawbridge Whig[11]
May 1807 Edward Taylor Whig[11]
1812 Stephen Rumbold Lushington Tory[11]
1818 Edward Bligh Whig[11]
1830 Richard Watson Whig[11] George Cowper Whig[11]
Jan 1835 Albert Denison Whig[11][12][13][14][15] Frederick Villiers Whig[11]
Mar 1835 Stephen Rumbold Lushington Conservative[11]
1837[16] James Bradshaw Conservative[11]
1841 by-election[17] George Smythe Conservative[11]
1847 by-election Albert Denison Whig[11][12][13][14][15]
1850 by-election Frederick Romilly Radical[18][19][20]
1852 Henry Plumptre Gipps Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone Conservative
1853 Constituency representation suspended
1854 by-election Charles Manners Lushington Peelite[21][22][23] Sir William Somerville, Bt[24] Whig[21][23][25]
1857 Henry Butler-Johnstone Conservative
1859 Liberal
1862 by-election Henry Munro-Butler-Johnstone Conservative
1865[26] John Walter Huddleston Conservative
1868 Independent Conservative Theodore Brinckman Liberal
1874 Conservative Lewis Majendie Conservative
1878 by-election Hon. Alfred Gathorne-Hardy Conservative
1879 by-election Robert Peter Laurie Conservative
1880 Constituency representation suspended

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MPs 1885–1918

  • Constituency representation restored and reduced to one (1885)
ElectionMember[9][27]Party
1885 John Heaton Conservative
Dec 1910 Francis Bennett-Goldney Independent Unionist
1918 by-election George Anderson Conservative
1918 Parliamentary borough abolished, name transferred to a new county division

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Canterbury county constituency

MPs 1918–2017

ElectionMember[9][27]PartyNotes
1918 Ronald McNeill Conservative Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (19 October 1927 – 4 June 1929)
Financial Secretary to the Treasury (1925 – 1927)
1927 by-election Sir William Wayland Conservative Mayor of Deptford (1914 – 1920)
1945 John White Conservative
1953 by-election Sir Leslie Thomas Conservative
1966 Sir David Crouch Conservative
1987 Sir Julian Brazier Conservative Minister of State for Reserves (14 July 2014 – 16 July 2016)
2017 Rosie Duffield Labour

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Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Canterbury[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rosie Duffield 29,018 48.3 +3.3
Conservative Anna Firth 27,182 45.2 +0.5
Liberal Democrats Claire Malcomson 3,408 5.7 -2.4
Independent Michael Gould 505 0.8 N/A
Majority 1,836 3.1 +2.8
Turnout 60,113 75.0 +2.3
Labour hold Swing
General election 2017: Canterbury[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rosie Duffield 25,572 45.0 +20.5
Conservative Julian Brazier 25,385 44.7 +1.8
Liberal Democrats James Flanagan 4,561 8.0 -3.6
Green Henry Stanton 1,282 2.3 -4.0
Majority 187 0.3
Turnout 56,800 72.7 +8.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +9.3
General election 2015: Canterbury[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Brazier[31] 22,918 42.9 -1.9
Labour Hugh Lanning[31] 13,120 24.5 +8.4
UKIP Jim Gascoyne[31] 7,289 13.6 +9.8
Liberal Democrats James Flanagan[31] 6,227 11.6 -20.9
Green Stuart Jeffery[32] 3,746 7.0 +4.7
Socialist (GB) Robert Cox[33] 165 0.3 +0.3
Majority 9,798 18.3 -1.9
Turnout 53,465 64.0 +0.1
Conservative hold Swing -5.2
General election 2010: Canterbury[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Brazier 22,050 44.8 +0.3
Liberal Democrats Guy Voizey 16,002 32.5 +11.1
Labour Jean Samuel 7,940 16.1 −12.0
UKIP Howard Farmer[35] 1,907 3.9 +1.9
Green Geoff Meaden 1,137 2.3 −1.0
Money Reform Anne Belsey 173 0.4
Majority 6,048 12.3
Turnout 49,209 64.1 −2.3
Conservative hold Swing −5.4

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Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Brazier 21,113 44.4 +2.9
Labour Alex Hilton 13,642 28.7 −8.2
Liberal Democrats Jenny Barnard-Langston 10,059 21.1 +3.3
Green Geoffrey Meaden 1,521 3.2 +1.2
UKIP John Moore 926 1.9 +0.1
Legalise Cannabis Rocky van de Benderskum 326 0.7 +0.7
Majority 7,471 15.7
Turnout 47,587 66.1 5.2
Conservative hold Swing +5.5
General election 2001: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Brazier 18,711 41.5 +2.8
Labour Emily Thornberry 16,642 36.9 +5.6
Liberal Democrats Peter Wales 8,056 17.8 −5.9
Green Hazel Dawe 920 2.0 +1.0
UKIP Lisa Moore 803 1.8 +1.3
Majority 2,069 4.6 -2.7
Turnout 45,132 60.9 −11.6
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Canterbury[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Brazier 20,913 38.65 -11.8
Labour Cheryl Hall 16,949 31.32 +15.9
Liberal Democrats Martin Vye 12,854 23.76 -8.8
Referendum James Osborne 2,460 4.55
Green Geoffrey Meaden 588 1.09
UKIP John Moore 281 0.52
Natural Law Andrew Pringle 64 0.12
Majority 3,964 7.33 -11.1
Turnout 54,109 72.45 -5.7
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1992: Canterbury[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Brazier 29,827 50.8 −3.0
Liberal Democrats M J Vye 19,022 32.4 +5.0
Labour MF Whitemore 8,936 15.2 −1.7
Green WJ Arnall 747 1.3 −0.4
Natural Law SE Curphey 203 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,805 18.4 −8.1
Turnout 58,735 78.1 +4.2
Conservative hold Swing −4.0

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Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Canterbury[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Brazier 30,273 53.82
Liberal John Purchese 15,382 27.34
Labour Linda A. Keen 9,494 16.88
Green Steve Dawe 947 1.68
Independent Canterbury Nationalist Joan White 157 0.28
Majority 14,891 26.47
Turnout 56,255 73.96
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Canterbury[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Crouch 29,029 56.47
Liberal John Purchese 13,287 25.85
Labour Jeannette Gould 7,906 15.38
Ecology David Conder 962 1.87
Independent Nationalist Joan White 226 0.44
Majority 15,742 30.62
Turnout 51,410 69.98
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Canterbury[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Crouch 38,805 58.28
Labour RP Spencer 16,168 24.28
Liberal J Purchese 10,665 16.02
National Front Joan White 941 1.41
Majority 22,637 34
Turnout 66,578 74.72
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Canterbury[41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Crouch 31,002 49.81
Labour MF Fuller 16,247 26.10
Liberal SE Goulden 13,898 22.33
National Front Kenneth McKilliam 1,096 1.76
Majority 14,755 23.71
Turnout 62,239 72.61
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Canterbury[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Crouch 34,341 50.34
Liberal S Goulden 17,300 25.36
Labour MF Fuller 15,751 23.09
National Front Kenneth McKilliam 831 1.22
Majority 17,041 24.98
Turnout 68,220 80.24
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Canterbury[43]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Crouch 33,222 55.42
Labour Henry Gordon N Clother 15,172 25.31
Liberal David C P Gracie 11,553 19.27
Majority 18,050 30.11
Turnout 59,950 74.57
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Crouch 27,160 49.84
Labour B Sawbridge 15,372 28.21
Liberal Edwin W Moss 11,962 21.95
Majority 11,788 21.63
Turnout 76.10
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leslie Thomas 26,827 51.97
Labour George Selous Cobbett 15,211 29.47
Liberal Edwin W Moss 9,582 18.56
Majority 11,616 22.50
Turnout 76.32
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leslie Thomas 30,846 66.20
Labour George E Peters 15,746 33.80
Majority 15,100 32.41
Turnout 75.14
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leslie Thomas 28,739 66.55
Labour Reginald George Ward 14,444 33.45
Majority 14,295 33.10
Turnout 72.66
Conservative hold Swing
1953 Canterbury by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leslie Thomas 19,400 66.99 +5.90
Labour John A E Jones 9,560 33.01 +1.98
Majority 9,930 33.98 +3.92
Turnout 28,960
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Baker White 28,632 61.09
Labour John A E Jones 14,543 31.03
Liberal Thomas H Payne 3,695 7.88
Majority 14,089 30.06
Turnout 80.06
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Baker White 26,491 55.95
Labour Jackson Newman 14,563 30.76
Liberal Kenneth Graham Jupp 6,296 13.30
Majority 11,928 25.19
Turnout 82.48
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Baker White 24,282 61.61
Labour Joseph Denis Milburn Bell 14,115 35.81
Common Wealth Catherine Williamson 1,017 2.58
Majority 10,167 25.80
Turnout 68.78
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Wayland 26,552 74.34
Labour Richard Adams 9,164 25.66
Majority 17,388 48.68
Turnout 64.45
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Wayland 30,328 83.67
Labour Paul Winterton 5,921 16.33
Majority 24,407 67.33
Turnout 66.22
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1920s

1929 general election: Canterbury [44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Wayland 19,181 56.7 13.6
Liberal David Carnegie 9,937 29.4 0.3
Labour Philip Sidney Eastman 4,706 13.9 N/A
Majority 9,244 27.3 13.3
Turnout 33,825 68.3 +2.4
Registered electors 49,499
Unionist hold Swing 6.7
1927 Canterbury by-election[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Wayland 13,657 57.3 13.0
Liberal David Carnegie 10,175 42.7 +13.0
Majority 3,482 14.6 26.0
Turnout 23,832 60.8 5.1
Registered electors 39,229
Unionist hold Swing 13.0
1924 general election: Canterbury[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ronald McNeill 16,693 70.3 +11.9
Liberal David Carnegie 7,061 29.7 11.9
Majority 9,632 40.6 +23.8
Turnout 23,754 65.9 +9.4
Registered electors 36,045
Unionist hold Swing +11.9
1923 general election: Canterbury[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ronald McNeill 12,017 58.4 12.8
Liberal William Robertson Heatley 8,561 41.6 N/A
Majority 3,456 16.8 25.6
Turnout 20,578 59.3 +2.5
Registered electors 34,715
Unionist hold Swing N/A
1922 general election: Canterbury[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ronald McNeill 13,954 71.2 9.6
Labour J.H.L. Sims 5,639 28.8 +9.6
Majority 8,315 42.4 19.2
Turnout 19,593 56.8 +11.9
Registered electors 34,488
Unionist hold Swing 9.6

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Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Canterbury [44][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Henniker Heaton 1,371 38.8 24.9
Ind. Conservative Francis Bennett-Goldney 1,350 38.2 N/A
Liberal H. B. D. Woodcock 815 23.0 13.3
Majority 21 0.6 26.8
Turnout 3,536 92.2 +2.4
Registered electors 3,836
Conservative hold Swing 5.8
General election December 1910: Canterbury [44][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Conservative Francis Bennett-Goldney 1,635 47.8 +9.6
Conservative John Howard 1,163 34.0 -4.8
Liberal William James Fisher 623 18.2 -4.8
Majority 472 13.8 N/A
Turnout 3,421 89.2 -3.0
Registered electors 3,836
Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative Swing +7.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

1918 Canterbury by-election [44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Knox Anderson Unopposed
Unionist gain from Independent Unionist
General Election 1918: Canterbury[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Ronald McNeill 11,408 80.8 +46.8
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 2,719 19.2 N/A
Majority 8,689 61.6 N/A
Turnout 14,127 44.9 44.3
Registered electors 31,453
Unionist gain from Independent Unionist Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

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Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Canterbury [44][47][48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Henniker Heaton Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1906: Canterbury [44][47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Henniker Heaton 2,210 63.7 N/A
Liberal William James Fisher 1,262 36.3 N/A
Majority 948 27.4 N/A
Turnout 3,472 89.8 N/A
Registered electors 3,868
Conservative hold Swing N/A

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Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Canterbury [44][47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Henniker Heaton Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1895: Canterbury [44][47][48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Henniker Heaton Unopposed
Conservative hold

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Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Gathorne-Hardy 1,467 27.1 4.6
Conservative Robert Peter Laurie 1,425 26.4 3.5
Liberal Charles Edwards[50] 1,294 23.9 +4.0
Liberal Henry Butler-Johnstone 1,218 22.5 +3.9
Majority 131 2.4 7.6
Turnout 2,702 (est) 73.6 (est) 2.1
Registered electors 3,671
Conservative hold Swing 4.3
Conservative hold Swing 3.7

After findings of corruption, the writ for Canterbury was suspended and the election result voided. The constituency was reconstituted in 1885.

General election 1885: Canterbury [47][51][52]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Henniker Heaton 1,804 68.6 +15.1
Liberal William Aubrey 825 31.4 15.1
Majority 979 37.2 +34.8
Turnout 2,629 84.6 +11.0 (est)
Registered electors 3,107
Conservative hold Swing +15.1
General election 1886: Canterbury [44][47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Henniker Heaton Unopposed
Conservative hold

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Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone 1,488 31.7 0.2
Conservative Lewis Majendie 1,406 29.9 +4.5
Liberal Theodore Brinckman 934 19.9 +6.3
Liberal Robert John Biron[53] 873 18.6 +5.0
Majority 472 10.0 N/A
Turnout 2,351 (est) 75.7 (est) 20.8
Registered electors 3,103
Conservative gain from Ind. Conservative Swing N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing 0.9

Butler-Johnstone resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 2 Mar 1878: Canterbury[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Gathorne-Hardy Unopposed
Conservative hold

Majendie resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 8 May 1879: Canterbury[49][54]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Peter Laurie 1,159 51.2 10.4
Liberal Charles Edwards[50] 1,103 48.8 +10.3
Majority 56 2.5 7.5
Turnout 2,262 73.2 2.5
Registered electors 3,089
Conservative hold Swing 10.4

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Elections in the 1860s

Johnstone resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 6 Mar 1862: Canterbury (1 seat)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone 694 50.1 N/A
Liberal William Lyon[55] 691 49.9 N/A
Majority 3 0.2 N/A
Turnout 1,385 74.9 N/A
Registered electors 1,850
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1865: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone 767 27.8 N/A
Conservative John Walter Huddleston 737 26.7 N/A
Liberal William Lyon[55] 643 23.3 N/A
Liberal Robert Adair 614 22.2 N/A
Majority 94 3.4 N/A
Turnout 1,381 (est) 86.1 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,603
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
General election 1868: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone[56] 1,453 31.9 N/A
Liberal Theodore Brinckman 1,236 27.1 +3.8
Conservative John Walter Huddleston 1,157 25.4 1.3
Conservative Henry James Lee Warner[57] 709 15.6 22.2
Turnout 2,896 (est) 96.5 (est) +10.4
Registered electors 3,001
Majority 217 4.8 +1.4
Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Majority 79 1.7 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.6

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Elections in the 1850s

Denison was elevated to the peerage, becoming 1st Baron Londesborough, and causing a by-election.

By-election, 4 March 1850: Canterbury[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Frederick Romilly Unopposed
Radical gain from Whig
General election 1852: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Plumptre Gipps 766 29.1 N/A
Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone 758 28.8 N/A
Whig William Somerville 570 21.6 6.5
Radical Frederick Romilly 533 20.2 N/A
Conservative George Smythe 7 0.3 26.9
Majority 188 7.1 N/A
Turnout 1,317 (est) 70.3 (est) 1.2
Registered electors 1,874
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative gain from Whig Swing N/A
  • Smythe retired before polling.[58] The election was declared void on petition, due to bribery, and the writ suspended on 21 February 1853.[59] A by-election was called to replace both MPs in August 1854.
By-election, 18 August 1854: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite Charles Manners Lushington 727 28.6 0.5
Whig William Somerville 699 27.5 +5.9
Conservative Charles Lennox Butler[60] 671 26.4 2.4
Whig Charles Purton Cooper[61][62] 406 16.0 N/A
Radical Edward Glover[63][64] 41 1.6 18.6
Turnout 1,272 (est) 64.5 (est) 5.8
Registered electors 1,973
Majority 28 1.1 6.0
Peelite gain from Conservative Swing 3.2
Majority 28 1.1 N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +3.7
General election 1857: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone 815 39.7 28.5
Whig William Somerville 759 37.0 +26.2
Whig Charles Purton Cooper[61][62] 477 23.3 +12.5
Majority 56 2.7 4.4
Turnout 1,026 (est) 54.7 (est) 15.6
Registered electors 1,876
Conservative hold Swing 23.9
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +20.2
General election 1859: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone Unopposed
Liberal William Somerville Unopposed
Registered electors 1,831
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

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Elections in the 1840s

General election 1847: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Albert Denison 808 28.1 3.6
Conservative George Smythe 782 27.2 9.0
Conservative John Vance 643 22.4 N/A
Conservative Thomas Charles Pelham-Clinton 641 22.3 N/A
Majority 26 0.9 N/A
Turnout 1,437 (est) 71.5 (est) 4.2
Registered electors 2,010
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +0.5
Conservative hold Swing 0.5
By-election, 15 March 1847: Canterbury (2 seats)[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Albert Denison Unopposed
Whig gain from Conservative
  • Caused by Bradshaw's death
General election 1841: Canterbury (2 seats)[11][49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Smythe 823 36.2
Conservative James Bradshaw 729 32.1
Whig Thomas Twisden Hodges 720 31.7
Majority 9 0.4
Turnout 1,451 75.7
Registered electors 1,918
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Whig Swing
By-election, 3 February 1841: Canterbury[11][49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Smythe 772 54.5
Whig John Wright Henniker Wilson[65] 628 44.3
Whig Thomas Twisden Hodges 17 1.2
Majority 144 10.2
Turnout 1,417 73.9
Registered electors 1,918
Conservative gain from Whig Swing
  • Caused by Denison's resignation

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See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least once every five years.
References
  1. "Canterbury: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  2. "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. "History of Parliament". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  4. History of Parliament
  5. The English Parliaments of Henry VII. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  6. "History of Parliament". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  7. "History of Parliament". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  8. Browne Willis
  9. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)
  10. Sir William Hardres, Bt was re-elected in 1734, but the result was overturned on petition and his seat awarded in 1735 to Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
  11. Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 158–160. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  12. Boase, George Clement (1897). "Denison, Albert" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 52. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  13. Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 156. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  14. "The Elections". West Kent Guardian. 31 July 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 22 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  15. "Important Notice". Kentish Gazette. 3 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  16. A petition was lodged against the 1837 result, but withdrawn
  17. A petition was lodged against the result of the by-election in February 1841, but it was dismissed
  18. "The Nomination". Bell's Weekly Messenger. 26 February 1859. p. 6. Retrieved 4 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. "County Intelligence". Dover Express. 19 February 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 4 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. "Latest Intelligence". Worcestershire Chronicle. 6 March 1850. p. 8. Retrieved 22 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. "Election Intelligence". Norfolk Chronicle. 19 August 1854. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  22. "England and Wales". The Spectator. 14 March 1857. p. 9. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  23. "Election News". Perthshire Advertiser. 17 August 1854. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  24. Sir William Somerville was known from 1863 as The Lord Athlumney.
  25. le Grys Norgate, Gerald (1898). "Somerville, William Meredyth" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 53. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  26. A petition was lodged against the 1865 result, but withdrawn
  27. "Canterbury 1660-". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  28. "Canterbury Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  29. "Candidates standing in Kent and Medway across Kent's 17 parliamentary constituencies". Kent Online.
  30. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  31. "CANTERBURY 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
  32. "Canterbury and Whitstable parliamentary campaign launch". Canterbury District Green Party. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  33. "General Election - Campaign News - The Socialist Party of Great Britain". worldsocialism.org. Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  34. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  35. "UK Independence Party »". Candidates.ukip.org. Archived from the original on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  36. "Canterbury". Politicsresources.net. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  37. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  38. "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 11 June 1987. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  39. "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 9 June 1983. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  40. "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 28 May 1979. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  41. "UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 10 October 1974. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  42. "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 28 February 1974. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  43. "UK General Election results 1970 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 18 June 1970. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  44. F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  45. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  46. Standard 21 May 1914
  47. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  48. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  49. Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  50. "The Canterbury Election Petition". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 19 June 1880. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  51. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
  52. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  53. "Canterbury". The Daily Telegraph and Courier. 29 January 1874. p. 5. Retrieved 28 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  54. "Canterbury Election". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 10 May 1879. Retrieved 5 October 2016 via British Newspaper Archive.
  55. "To the Freemen & Electors of the City of Canterbury". Kentish Gazette. 4 March 1862. p. 1. Retrieved 3 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  56. "Canterbury". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 12 September 1868. p. 4. Retrieved 3 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  57. "Canterbury". Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser. 5 December 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 3 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  58. "The General Election". The Spectator. 10 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  59. "Imperial Parliament". Leeds Times. 26 February 1853. p. 8. Retrieved 22 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  60. "Canterbury Election". Kentish Gazette. 22 August 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 22 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  61. Eadie, Alan, "Charles Purton Cooper, QC (1793-1873)", Provincial Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons of Kent, p. 3 via British Newspaper Archive Missing or empty |url= (help)
  62. "Canterbury Journal". Canterbury Journal, Kentish Times and Farmers' Gazette. 12 August 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  63. "The elections for the five delinquent and suspended boroughs". The Spectator. 19 August 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  64. "The Forthcoming Elections". Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury. 19 August 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 22 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  65. "The Atlas". 6 February 1841. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 31 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
Sources
  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950.
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955.

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