Canlaon, officially the City of Canlaon, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Canlaon; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Canla-on; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Canlaon), or simply referred to as Canlaon City, is a 4th class city in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 54,509 people.[3]

City of Canlaon
Sunset taken at Kanlaon Volcano's slope

Map of Negros Oriental with Canlaon highlighted
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°23′N 123°12′E
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
ProvinceNegros Oriental
District1st district
Barangays12 (see Barangays)
  TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
  MayorJose Chubasco B. Cardenas
  Vice MayorJimmy Jayme L. Clerigo
  CongressmanJocelyn S. Limkaichong
  Electorate34,261 voters (2019)
  Total170.93 km2 (66.00 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,465 m (8,087 ft)
 (2015 census)[3]
  Density320/km2 (830/sq mi)
  Income class4th city income class
  Poverty incidence34.95% (2015)[4]
  Revenue (₱)374,698,110.35 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63(0)35
Climate typetropical climate
Native languagesCebuano

It is located 168 kilometres (104 mi) north from the provincial capital Dumaguete and is bordered on the east by Vallehermoso and on the south by Guihulngan.

Canlaon is home to the highest peak in its own province and its corresponding island, Kanlaon Volcano, which is 2,465 metres (8,087 ft) above sea level at its highest point.


During the Second World War, the Japanese Imperial Army captured Canlaon City in April 1942, right after the Battle of Bataan. The Japanese occupation of the City ended in early 1945 when soldiers from the Eighth United States Army under Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger including the 40th Infantry Division (United States) and the 23rd Infantry Division (United States), landed in Negros Island to drive out the Japanese. In liberating Negros Island, they were assisted by newly formed Philippine Commonwealth military forces & local Negrosanon guerillas who helped in clearing out Japanese pockets of resistance throughout the island. In fact, the honor of liberating Canlaon City from the Japanese went to Philippine Commonwealth soldiers belonging to the 7th, 71st, 73rd and 75th Infantry Regiments of the Philippine Army, the 7th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and Negrosanon Guerillas.

The Banyan Tree inside the OISCA Farm is estimated by botanists from Silliman University to be around 1,300 years old. It is home to lizards, bats, and many varieties of insects. It may be considered Canlaon City's main tourist attraction.


Canlaon City is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.

  • Bayog
  • Biak na Bato
  • Binalbagan
  • Bucalan (East Budlasan)
  • Budlasan (West Budlasan)
  • Linothangan
  • Lumapao
  • Mabigo (Poblacion Canlaon Proper)
  • Malaiba
  • Masulog
  • Ninoy Aquino
  • Panubigan
  • Pula


Population census of Canlaon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1948 15,874    
1960 22,884+3.09%
1970 23,598+0.31%
1975 29,152+4.33%
1980 28,785−0.25%
1990 37,165+2.59%
1995 41,334+2.01%
2000 46,548+2.58%
2007 50,208+1.05%
2010 50,627+0.30%
2015 54,509+1.42%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

The languages widely spoken here in the City of Canlaon: Cebuano and Hiligaynon. Filipino and English are rather used as second languages.


  1. "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. "Province:". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
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