Canción melódica (pronounced [kanˈθjom meˈloðika]; Spanish for "melodic song") is a genre of Spanish-language popular music typically defined by sentimental ballads with light, orchestral arrangements. It grew out of traditional forms Latin music such as bolero, cuplé and copla, and later incorporated strong influences of French chanson and the Italian pop popularized in the Sanremo Music Festival.
|Cultural origins||Early 20th century, Spain and Hispanic America|
Canción melódica appeared in the first half of the 20th century. Unlike the cuplé, its 19th century predecessor that was primarily strophic, canción melódica was defined through the emphasis it placed on the chorus. The orchestras with vocalists had a fundamental protagonism in the dance parties, which evolved from the popular verbena to "more refined circles" such as salons and cafés. The melodic compositions were accompanied by popular vocalists that appeared in magazines, films and live performances; "Musicologists describe [canción melódica] as the explanation for the birth of the singer stars in the 1920s." The use of the microphone gave them a greater role—and through radio broadcasting, an ensemble of composers, lyricists and orchestra directors worked in behalf of the vocalist. The popularization of radio during the 1940s made canción melódica a massive phenomenon. Key figures include Jorge Sepúlveda, Antonio Machín, Mario Visconti, García Guirao, Lorenzo González and Bonet de San Pedro, among others. From 1930 to 1960, Spanish cinema found in the genre its "main supporter." In the 1960s, canción melódica slowly began to lose markets as young people's tastes turned to rock music. Argentine singer Sandro was a popular canción melódica singer during that decade.
- "Canción melódica" (in Spanish). MusicaPopular.cl. National Council of Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- Ortiz-Osés, Andrés; Lanceros, Patxi (June 1, 2009). Claves de Hermenéutica: Para la filosofía, la cultura y la socíedad (in Spanish). University of Deusto. p. 424. ISBN 978-8474854794.
- Polimeni, Carlos (June 1, 2009). Bailando sobre los escombros: historia crítica del rock latinoamericano (in Spanish). Biblos. p. 42. ISBN 978-9507862984.