Trained under Béatrice La Palme and Salvator Issaurel, she was a regular performer in Quebec until being invited in 1924 to study in Paris. Completing her training under Pauline Donalda and Yvette Guilbert, and regularly performed in both France and Canada for a number of years thereafter.
In 1929 she founded the Théâtre des petits, a children's school of diction, and later founded the École nouvelle, a school for children with language difficulties; the two institutions later merged into the Institut Camille-Bernard. The Théâtre des petits also had a regular radio program on Montreal's CKAC.
She was inducted into the Order of Canada in 1981.
- "Camille Bernard". The Canadian Encyclopedia, July 29, 2007.
- "Canadian Folk Song and Handicraft Festival, Quebec: Second Annual Festival at the End of Next Month, Offers Varied Attractions to Vacation Travellers and Lovers of the Arts and Crafts of Canada's Storied Past". The Globe, April 14, 1928.
- "Jutra's latest a stunning portrayal of tragedy in Quebec". The Globe and Mail, October 6, 1973.
- Tad Bentley Hammer, International film prizes: an encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, 1991. ISBN 9780824070991. p. 70.
- "Order of Canada: Camille Bernard, C.M.". Governor General of Canada, April 30, 2009.