Calligrafismo (En: callygraphism) is an Italian style of cinematography in the first half of the 1940s.

Characteristics of the style

In the 1940s the two most significant styles of the Italian movie scene were the telefoni bianchi (En: white telephones) and calligrafismo.

Calligrafismo is in a sharp contrast to telefoni biancchi-American style comedies and is rather artistic, highly formalistic, expressive in complexity and deals mainly with contemporary literal material,[1] above all the pieces of Italian realism from authors like Corrado Alvaro, Ennio Flaiano, Emilio Cecchi, Francesco Pasinetti, Vitaliano Brancati, Mario Bonfantini and Umberto Barbaro.[2]

The most important directors and scriptwriters




  1. Gian Piero Brunetta, "Cinema italiano dal sonoro a Salò", in Storia del cinema mondiale, Einaudi, Torino, 2000, volume III, pp. 357-359. ISBN 88-06-14528-2
  2. Andrea Martini, La bella forma. Poggioli, i calligrafici e dintorni, Marsilio, Venezia, 1992. ISBN 88-317-5774-1


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