Cabinet of Malaysia

The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of Malaysia's government. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.[1] The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43, enabling a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to be one even when he or she is appointed as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office. In practice, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is obliged to follow the advice of the Prime Minister on the appointment and dismissal of ministers.

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Cabinet appointments

Members of the Cabinet must be members of either house of Parliament. Most ministers are appointed from the lower house, the Dewan Rakyat, although a few are appointed from the upper house, the Dewan Negara. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Dewan Rakyat. Although Deputy Ministers and/or Parliamentary Secretaries may be appointed to each portfolio, they are not included in the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets weekly, every Wednesday.[2] After the position of Parliamentary Secretary was removed and partial live telecasts of Parliament proceedings began in 2008, Cabinet meetings were moved to Fridays whenever Parliament sat, so as to allow Ministers to personally answer questions during Question Time in Parliament.[3]

Cabinet composition

The composition of the Cabinet, and the number of portfolios depends mainly on the wishes of the Prime Minister at the time. However, the post of Finance Minister was considered so important as to be a necessity, and as a result was incorporated by the Minister of Finance (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Act 375).[4] The position of Deputy Prime Minister is one that exists by convention, and as a result a Prime Minister could theoretically form a Cabinet without a Deputy.[5]

Deputy ministers exist for each portfolio, although they are not considered members of the Cabinet. The position of Deputy Minister was created by constitutional amendment in 1960. The office of parliamentary secretary for each ministry exists but none were appointed after the 2008 Malaysian general election. Parliamentary secretaries were provided for by an amendment in 1963. Deputy ministers and parliamentary secretaries are also appointed from members of Parliament, and deputise for the ministers in government ministries and in Parliament respectively. An additional office, that of the Political Secretary, exists. Political Secretaries need not be members of Parliament. Before taking office, all members of the Cabinet, Deputy Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries, and Political Secretaries take an oath of secrecy concerning the proceedings of the Cabinet. (See also Official Secrets Act (Malaysia).)[5]

Functions of cabinet

An outline of the functions of the Cabinet are as follow:[6]

  • To formulate national economic policies and development programs.
    • The Cabinet is responsible to formulate various development programs and projects for the development of the country. Examples are the New Economic Policy (NEP), the National Development Policy (NDP), and the National Vision Policy (NVP).
  • To set the budget and finance of the country.
    • The government is allowed to generate revenues from the people through the collection of taxes, fines, summons, custom duties, fees, etc.
    • The government is allowed to plan for the various development programs, and also to allocate the resources for these development plans and programs.
  • As an arena for suggestions, debates, and criticisms.
    • The Cabinet is allowed to discuss almost any issues of national interests, except those that touch on the special rights of the Malays, Bumiputeras and/or royal privileges. Article 153 (1): It shall be the responsibility of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to safeguard the special position of the Malays and Natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak, and the legitimate interests of other communities in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
  • To propose and amend the law.
    • Law is proposed by the Executive and introduce in Parliament with the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd readings for approval.
    • Most provisions for the amendments of the constitution requires a 2/3 majority of the total number of members from both the Houses or Dewans.
    • The bill must be presented to the YDPA for the final assent.

Current cabinet

Full members

Since 17 July 2018, the Cabinet has consisted of the following ministers:
  PKR (7)   DAP (6)   BERSATU (6)   AMANAH (5)   WARISAN (3)   HINDRAF (1)

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency Term Start Term End Shadow Cabinet Office Barrer
Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad SMN MP BERSATU Langkawi 10 May 2018 Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Prime Minister Dato' Seri Dr. Wan Azizah Wan Ismail MP PKR Pandan 21 May 2018 Incumbent Vacant
Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Noraini Ahmad
Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department Datuk Seri Dr. Mujahid Yusof Rawa MP
(Religious Affairs)
AMANAH Parit Buntar 2 July 2018 Incumbent Vacant
Datuk Liew Vui Keong MP
(Law)
WARISAN Batu Sapi Incumbent Azalina Othman Said
Senator Tuan Waytha Moorthy Ponnusamy
(National Unity and Social Well-being)
HINDRAF Senator 17 July 2018 Incumbent Vacant
Minister of Finance Tuan Lim Guan Eng MP DAP Bagan 21 May 2018 Incumbent Khairy Jamaluddin
Minister of Economic Affairs Dato' Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali MP PKR Gombak Incumbent Hasan Arifin
Minister of Defence Tuan Mohamad Sabu MP AMANAH Kota Raja Incumbent Hishammuddin Hussein
Minister of Home Affairs Tan Sri Dato' Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin MP BERSATU Pagoh Incumbent Shahidan Kassim
Minister of International Trade and Industry Datuk Ignatius Darell Leiking MP WARISAN Penampang 2 July 2018 Incumbent Ahmad Maslan
Minister of Education Dr. Maszlee Malik MP BERSATU Simpang Renggam 21 May 2018 Incumbent Mahdzir Khalid
Minister of Water, Land and Natural Resources Dato' Dr. Xavier Jayakumar Arulanandam MP PKR Kuala Langat 2 July 2018 Incumbent Bung Moktar Radin
Minister of Federal Territories Tuan Khalid Abdul Samad MP AMANAH Shah Alam Incumbent Tengku Adnan
Minister of Transport Tuan Anthony Loke Siew Fook MP DAP Seremban 21 May 2018 Incumbent Wee Ka Siong
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Datuk Seri Salahuddin Ayub MP AMANAH Pulai Incumbent Tajuddin Abdul Rahman
Minister of Health Datuk Seri Dr. Dzulkefly Ahmad MP Kuala Selangor Incumbent Vacant
Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Datuk Mohammadin Ketapi MP WARISAN Silam 2 July 2018 Incumbent Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz
Minister of Housing and Local Government Puan Zuraida Kamaruddin MP PKR Ampang 21 May 2018 Incumbent Noh Omar
Minister of Foreign Affairs Dato' Saifuddin Abdullah MP Indera Mahkota 2 July 2018 Incumbent Reezal Merican Naina Merican
Minister of Human Resources Tuan Kula Segaran Murugeson MP DAP Ipoh Barat 21 May 2018 Incumbent Ismail Abdul Muttalib
Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumers Affairs Datuk Seri Saifuddin Nasution Ismail MP PKR Kulim-Bandar Baharu 2 July 2018 Incumbent Vacant
Minister of Entrepreneurship Development Datuk Seri Mohd. Redzuan Md. Yusof MP BERSATU Alor Gajah Incumbent Abdul Azeez Abdul Rahim
Minister of Rural Development Datuk Seri Rina Mohd Harun MP Titiwangsa 21 May 2018 Incumbent Annuar Musa
Minister of Works Tuan Baru Bian MP PKR Selangau 2 July 2018 Incumbent Saravanan Murugan
Minister of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change Puan Yeo Bee Yin MP DAP Bakri Incumbent Ahmad Hamzah
Minister of Primary Industries Puan Teresa Kok Suh Sim MP Seputeh Incumbent Vacant
Minister of Youth and Sports Tuan Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman MP BERSATU Muar Incumbent Mohd. Shahar Abdullah
Minister of Communication and Multimedia Tuan Gobind Singh Deo MP DAP Puchong 21 May 2018 Incumbent Shamsul Anuar Nasarah

Deputy ministers

Since 17 July 2018, the deputy ministers are:
  PKR (7)   DAP (7)   BERSATU (6)   AMANAH (5)   WARISAN (2)

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency Term Start Term End Shadow Cabinet Office Bearer
Deputy Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department Puan Fuziah Salleh MP
(Religious Affairs)
PKR Kuantan 2 July 2018 Incumbent Vacant
Tuan Mohamed Hanipa Maidin MP
(Law)
AMANAH Sepang Incumbent Vacant
Datuk Wira Dr. Mohamed Farid Md. Rafik MP
(National Unity and Social Wellbeing)
BERSATU Tanjung Piai 21 September 2019 Vacant
Deputy Minister of Finance Datuk Wira Amiruddin Hamzah MP Kubang Pasu Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Economic Affairs Senator Dr. Mohd Radzi Md Jidin Senator 17 July 2018 Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Defence Senator Tuan Liew Chin Tong DAP Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Datuk Mohd. Azis Jamman MP WARISAN Sepanggar 2 July 2018 Incumbent Adham Baba
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry Tuan Dr. Ong Kian Ming MP DAP Bangi Incumbent Ismail Mohamed Said
Deputy Minister of Education Puan Teo Nie Ching MP Kulai Incumbent Idris Jusoh
Deputy Minister of Water, Land and Natural Resources Tengku Zulpuri Shah Raja Puji MP Raub Incumbent Mohd Nizar Zakaria
Deputy Minister of Federal Territories Tuan Dr. Shahruddin Md. Salleh MP BERSATU Sri Gading Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Transport Dato' Kamarudin Jaffar MP PKR Bandar Tun Razak Incumbent Mohd Salim Sariff
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Tuan Sim Tze Tzin MP Bayan Baru Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Health Tuan Dr. Lee Boon Chye MP Gopeng Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Tuan Muhammad Bakhtiar Wan Chik MP Balik Pulau Incumbent Jalaluddin Alias
Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government Senator Dato' Raja Kamarul Bahrin Shah Raja Ahmad AMANAH Senator 17 July 2018 Incumbent Halimah Mohamed Sadique
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Senator Marzuki Yahya BERSATU Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Human Resources Dato' Wira Mahfuz Omar MP AMANAH Pokok Sena 2 July 2018 Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Tuan Chong Chieng Jen MP DAP Stampin Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Entrepreneurship Development Tuan Dr. Mohd Hatta Md Ramli MP AMANAH Lumut Incumbent Ahmad Nazlan Idris
Deputy Minister of Rural Development Tuan Sivarasa Rasiah MP PKR Sungai Buloh Incumbent Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub
Deputy Minister of Works Datuk Wira Mohd Anuar Mohd Tahir MP AMANAH Temerloh Incumbent Abdul Rahman Mohamad
Deputy Minister of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change Puan Isnaraissah Munirah Majilis MP WARISAN Kota Belud Incumbent Hasbullah Osman
Deputy Minister of Primary Industries Datuk Seri Shamsul Iskandar Md. Akin MP PKR Hang Tuah Jaya Incumbent Mastura Mohd. Yazid
Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Puan Hannah Yeoh Tseow Suan MP DAP Segambut Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports Tuan Steven Sim Chee Keong MP Bukit Mertajam Incumbent Vacant
Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia Tuan Eddin Syazlee Shith MP BERSATU Kuala Pilah Incumbent Zahidi Zainul Abidin

Inactive portfolio

Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Ministry of Communications and Multimedia

Ministry of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs

Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change

  • Ministry of Energy, Communications and Multimedia
  • Ministry of Energy, Technology and Research
  • Ministry of Energy, Telecommunications and Posts
  • Ministry of Energy, Water and Communications

Ministry of Territories

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ministry of Home Affairs

Ministry of Human Resources

Ministry of Internal Security

Ministry of International Trade and Industry

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities

Ministry of Rural and Regional Development

Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation

Ministry of Tourism and Culture

Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government

Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development

Ministry of Works

Ministry of Youth and Sports

Ministry of Health

  • Ministry of Health and Social Welfare

Minister in the Prime Minister's Department

Others

See also

Notes

    References

    1. Hj. Mohd Jali, Nazaruddin, Redzuan, Ma'arof, Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi & Hj. Mohd Rashid, Ismail (2003). Malaysian Studies: Nationhood and Citizenship, p. 73. Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-2473-91-8.
    2. Funston, John (2001). "Malaysia: Developmental State Challenged". In John Funston (Ed.), Government and Politics in Southeast Asia, pp. 173175. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
    3. "Cabinet now to meet Fridays for ministers to attend parliament". The Malaysian Insider. 9 April 2008. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008.
    4. Wu, Min Aun & Hickling, R. H. (2003). Hickling's Malaysian Public Law, pp. 8485. Petaling Jaya: Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-74-2518-0.
    5. Wu & Hickling, p. 86.
    6. Jeong Chun Hai @ Ibrahim, & Nor Fadzlina Nawi. (2012). Principles of Public Administration: Malaysian Perspectives. Kuala Lumpur: Pearson Publishers. ISBN 978-967-349-233-6
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