# c space

In the mathematical field of functional analysis, the space denoted by c is the vector space of all convergent sequences (xn) of real numbers or complex numbers. When equipped with the uniform norm:

$\|x\|_{\infty }=\sup _{n}|x_{n}|$ the space c becomes a Banach space. It is a closed linear subspace of the space of bounded sequences, , and contains as a closed subspace the Banach space c0 of sequences converging to zero. The dual of c is isometrically isomorphic to ℓ1, as is that of c0. In particular, neither c nor c0 is reflexive.

In the first case, the isomorphism of ℓ1 with c* is given as follows. If (x0,x1,...) 1, then the pairing with an element (y1,y2,...) in c is given by

$x_{0}\lim _{n\to \infty }y_{n}+\sum _{i=1}^{\infty }x_{i}y_{i}.$ This is the Riesz representation theorem on the ordinal ω.

For c0, the pairing between (xi) in ℓ1 and (yi) in c0 is given by

$\sum _{i=0}^{\infty }x_{i}y_{i}.$ This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.