Côtes-d'Armor

Côtes-d'Armor (French pronunciation: [kot daʁmɔʁ]; Breton: Aodoù-an-Arvor), formerly known as Côtes-du-Nord, is a department in the north of Brittany, in northwestern France.

Côtes-d'Armor
The departmental council and prefectural building in Saint-Brieuc

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Côtes-d'Armor in France
Coordinates: 48°20′N 02°50′W
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
PrefectureSaint-Brieuc
SubprefecturesDinan
Guingamp
Lannion
Government
  President of the departmental councilAlain Cadec
(LR)
Area
  Total6,878 km2 (2,656 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total598,953
  Rank43rd
  Density87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number22
Arrondissements4
Cantons27
Communes348
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801504,303    
1821552,424+0.46%
1831598,872+0.81%
1841607,572+0.14%
1851632,613+0.40%
1861628,676−0.06%
1876630,957+0.02%
1881627,585−0.11%
1891618,652−0.14%
1901609,349−0.15%
1921557,824−0.44%
1936532,000−0.32%
1946526,955−0.10%
1954503,178−0.58%
1962501,923−0.03%
1968506,000+0.13%
1975525,556+0.54%
1982538,860+0.36%
1990538,443−0.01%
1999542,398+0.08%
2006569,498+0.70%
2016598,953+0.51%
source:[1]

Côtes-du-Nord was one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790 following the French Revolution. It was made up from the near entirety of the ancient Pays de Saint-Brieuc, most of historical Trégor, the eastern half of Cornouaille, and the north-western part of the former diocese of Saint-Malo.

In 1990 the name was changed to Côtes-d'Armor: the French word côtes means "coasts" and ar mor is "the sea" in Breton. The name also recalls that of the Roman province of Armorica ("the coastal region").

Geography

Côtes-d'Armor is part of the current administrative region of Brittany and is bounded by the departments of Ille-et-Vilaine to the east, Morbihan to the south, and Finistère to the west, and by the English Channel to the north.

Demonym

The inhabitants of the department are known in French as Costarmoricains.

Politics

Côtes-d'Armor's long tradition of anti-clericalism, especially in the interior around Guingamp (a former Communist stronghold), has often led to the department's being seen as an area of left-wing exceptionalism in an otherwise strongly clerical and right-wing Brittany. The current president of the departmental council, Alain Cadec, is nevertheless a member of the centre-right party, Les Républicains.

Party groupingsseats
Centre et droite républicaine32
Socialiste et républicain15
Communiste et républicain5
non-party2

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember[2]Party
Côtes-d'Armor's 1st constituency Bruno Joncour MoDem
Côtes-d'Armor's 2nd constituency Hervé Berville La République En Marche!
Côtes-d'Armor's 3rd constituency Marc Le Fur The Republicans
Côtes-d'Armor's 4th constituency Yannick Kerlogot La République En Marche!
Côtes-d'Armor's 5th constituency Éric Bothorel La République En Marche!

Culture

The western part of the département is part of the traditionally Breton-speaking "Lower Brittany" (Breizh-Izel in Breton). The boundary runs from Plouha to Mûr-de-Bretagne. The Breton language has become an intense issue in many parts of Brittany, and many Breton-speakers advocate for bilingual schools. Gallo is also spoken in the east and is offered as a language in the schools and on the baccalaureat exams.

Notable people

See also

References

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