Cà Mau Province

Cà Mau (listen) is a province of Vietnam, named after its capital city. It is located in the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam, and is the southernmost of Vietnam's 58 provinces. It is bordered on the north by Kiên Giang and Bạc Liêu provinces, on the west by the Gulf of Thailand, and to the south and east by the South China Sea.[2]

Cà Mau Province

Tỉnh Cà Mau
Da Bac Islet in Cà Mau
Dark water
Location of Cà Mau within Vietnam
Coordinates: 9°5′N 105°5′E
Country Vietnam
RegionMekong Delta
CapitalCà Mau
  Total5,331 km2 (2,058 sq mi)
  Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
  EthnicitiesVietnamese, others
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes290
ISO 3166 codeVN-59


Being surrounded by sea on three sides, fishing is an important industry in Cà Mau province. An extensive network of canals also supports a strong agricultural sector, as well as providing a popular means of transport. The U Minh biosphere reserve and Mũi Cà Mau, the southernmost point of Vietnam, serve also as important tourism destinations. The Mũi Cà Mau National Park is located at Mũi Cà Mau.


Cà Mau's name came from the Khmers who inhabited the area before the arrival of the Vietnamese, Cà Mau means "black" in Khmer. The Khmer name for this province is Teuk Khmao (Khmer: ទឹកខ្មៅ), meaning "black water".

Administrative divisions

Cà Mau is subdivided into nine district-level sub-divisions:[3]

  • 8 districts:
  • 1 provincial city:

They are further subdivided into nine commune-level towns (or townlets), 82 communes, and 10 wards.

1997 Typhoon

In November 1997, the Cà Mau Peninsula was struck by Typhoon Linda (Openg). Thousands of people were lost, and an estimated 200,000 homes were destroyed, along with much of the Cà Mau fishing fleet.[4]


  1. General Statistics Office of Vietnam. "Population and Employment: Population and population density in 2006 by province". 7. Archived from the original on 2008-06-12. Retrieved 2008-05-31.
  2. CA MAU PEOPLE'S COMMITTEE. "Introduction: Geographical Position". Archived from the original on 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2008-05-31.
  3. CA MAU PEOPLE'S COMMITTEE. "Towns, Districts: Overview". Archived from the original on 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2008-05-31.
  4. Dodd, Jan; et al. (2003). The Rough Guide to Vietnam. Rough Guides. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
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