By Jupiter

By Jupiter is a musical with a book by Lorenz Hart and Richard Rodgers, music by Rodgers, and lyrics by Hart. The musical is based on the play The Warrior's Husband by Julian F. Thompson, set in the land of the Amazons. By Jupiter premiered on Broadway in 1942 and starred Ray Bolger.

By Jupiter
Ray Bolger in the original Broadway production
MusicRichard Rodgers
LyricsLorenz Hart
BookLorenz Hart
Richard Rodgers
BasisThe Warrior's Husband by Julian F. Thompson
Productions1942 Broadway
1967 Off-Broadway revival


In the land of the Amazons the women rule and do battle while the men stay at home, mind the children, and buy new hats. An army of Greek soldiers, led by Theseus and Hercules, arrives in search of the Sacred Girdle of Diana, currently in the hands of reigning Queen Hippolyta. Accompanying them is war correspondent Homer, author of a recent bestseller called The Iliad. The Greek warriors are captured by the Amazons, and romance blossoms between Theseus and Antiope, the warrior-leader of the Amazons. A subplot involves Hippolyta's foppish husband Sapiens, forced on her by his wealthy mother, in exchange for financing the war against the Greeks, who employs his "non-traditionally-male wiles" to get his way with the opposite sex.


The Broadway production opened at the Shubert Theatre on June 3, 1942, and closed on June 12, 1943, after 427 performances. Directed by Joshua Logan and choreographed by Robert Alton, the cast included Ray Bolger, Benay Venuta, Vera-Ellen, and Constance Moore, who was replaced by Nanette Fabray later in the run. Choreographer Flower Hujer danced in the production.

At one point, 20th Century Fox considered pairing Laurel and Hardy with Martha Raye in a movie version of the show, but the idea was eventually shelved.

A revival opened Off-Broadway at the Theatre Four on January 19, 1967, and closed on April 30, 1968, after 118 performances. This production had new material by Fred Ebb. Directed by Christopher Hewett with choreography and musical staging by Ellen Ray, Bob Dishy headed the cast. An original cast recording was released of this production, reissued in CD on September 11, 2007, by DRG.[1]

Ian Marshall Fisher's Discovering Lost Musicals Charitable Trust presented a concert staging in London at the Barbican Center, Cinema 1 in May 1992, with Louise Gold as Hippolyta and Jon Glover as Sapiens. Issy Van Randwyck was also among the cast.[2][3]

42nd Street Moon, San Francisco, California, presented a staged concert from April 17 – May 12, 2002.[4][5]

Musicals in Mufti at the York Theatre in New York City presented a staged concert from April 5 – April 7, 2002.[6]

The musical proved to be not only Rodgers and Hart's longest-running Broadway hit, but their last full-length work. (They collaborated on a revision of their 1927 show A Connecticut Yankee in 1943, writing six new numbers.)

Roles and original cast

  • Sapiens (Latin word meaning “wise”) – Ray Bolger
  • HippolytaBenay Venuta
  • AntiopeConstance Moore
  • Theseus – Ronald Graham
  • Achilles – Bob Douglas
  • Herald – Mark Dawson
  • Agamemnon/First Slave – Robert Hightower
  • Second Amazon Dancer – Flower Hujer
  • Minerva/First Camp Follower – Vera-Ellen
  • Second Slave – William Hightower
  • Pomposia – Bertha Belmore
  • Buria – Jayne Manners
  • First Sentry – Martha Burnett
  • Second Sentry – Rose Inghram
  • Third Sentry – Kay Kimber
  • Sergeant – Monica Moore
  • Homer – Berni Gould
  • Penelope – Irene Corlett
  • Heroica – Margaret Bannerman
  • Caustica – Maidel Turner
  • HerculesRalph Dumke
  • First Amazon Dancer/Ensemble – Marjorie Moore
  • First Boy/Ensemble – Don Liberto
  • Second Boy/Ensemble – Tony Matthews
  • Third Boy/Ensemble – William Yaux
  • Huntress/Second Camp Follower/Ensemble – Helen Bennett
  • Amazon Runner/Ensemble – Wana Wenerholm
  • Third Camp Follower/Ensemble – Ruth Brady
  • Fourth Camp Follower/Ensemble – Joyce Ring
  • Fifth Camp Follower/Ensemble – Rosemary Sanky

Song List

Act I
  • “For Jupiter and Greece” – Achilles and the Herald
  • “The Amazons” – Danced by the First Amazon Dancer and Amazon Warriors
  • “Jupiter Forbid” – Sung by Hippolyta, Antiope, and Three Sentries, Danced by the Second Amazon Dancer, Two Slaves, and Ensemble
  • “Life with Father” – Sapiens
  • “Nobody's Heart Belongs to Me” – Antiope
  • “The Gateway of the Temple of Minerva” – Theseus and Ensemble
  • “Life with Father (Reprise)” – Pomposia and Sapiens
  • “Here's a Hand” – Theseus and Antiope
  • “No, Mother, No” – Sapiens and Ensemble
Act II
  • “The Boy I Left Behind Me” – Buria and Ensemble
  • “Nobody's Heart Belongs to Me (Reprise)” – Sapiens
  • Ev'rything I've Got” – Sapiens and Hippolyta
  • “Bottoms Up” – Herald, Hippolyta, Antiope, Homer, Achilles, Minerva, the Second Amazon Dancer, Two Slaves, and Ensemble
  • “Careless Rhapsody” – Antiope and Theseus
  • “Finaletto” – Sapiens, Hippolyta, Pomposia, and Ensemble
  • “Ev'rything I've Got (Reprise)” – Hippolyta
  • Wait Till You See Her” – Theseus and Ensemble
  • “Now That I've Got My Strength” – Sapiens, Penelope, Minerva, and Ensemble
  • “Finale” – Company


  • Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre by Stanley Green, published by Dodd, Mead, 1976


  1. "By Jupiter recording",, accessed February 2010
  2. Cassidy, Suzanne. "New Life For 'Lost' Musicals In London" The New York Times, May 26, 1992
  3. By Jupiter, accessed August 17, 2016
  4. "By Jupiter listing" Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine,, accessed February 14, 2010
  5. Connema, Richard. "Review of By Jupiter",, April 26, 2002
  6. Jones, Kenneth."York Mufti Series With Rodgers as Focus Will Bounce From January to April",, January 8, 2002
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