Buteshire (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Replaced by||Bute and Northern Ayrshire|
From 1708 to 1832 Buteshire and Caithness were paired as alternating constituencies: one of the constituencies elected a Member of Parliament (MP) to one parliament, the other to the next. The areas which were covered by the two constituencies are quite remote from each other, Caithness in the northeast of Scotland and Buteshire in the southwest.
From 1832 to 1918, Buteshire was represented continuously by its own MP.
From 1708 to 1832, the Buteshire constituency covered the county of Bute minus the parliamentary burgh of Rothesay, which was a component of the Ayr Burghs constituency. In 1832, Rothesay was merged into the Buteshire constituency.
By 1892, Bute had become a local government county and, throughout Scotland, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, county boundaries had been redefined for all purposes except parliamentary representation. 26 years were to elapse before constituency boundaries were redrawn, by the Representation of the People Act 1918, to take account of new local government boundaries.
In 1918, the Bute and Northern Ayrshire county constituency was created, to cover the county of Bute and a northern portion of the county of Ayr. The rest of the county of Ayr was divided between three other constituencies, all entirely within the county: the county constituencies of South Ayrshire and Kilmarnock, and a remodelled Ayr Burghs.
Members of Parliament
MPs 1708 to 1832
|1713||John Campbell, later Duke of Argyll||Whig|
|1761||James Stuart I|
|1774||James Stuart II (later Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie)|
|1784||James Stuart II|
|1820||Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart|
|1830||Sir William Rae, 3rd Baronet|
MPs 1832 to 1918
|1833 by-election||Sir William Rae||Conservative|
|1842 by-election||James Stuart-Wortley||Conservative|
|1865 by-election||George Boyle||Conservative|
|1880 by-election||Charles Dalrymple||Conservative|
|1891 by-election||Andrew Murray||Conservative|
|January 1910||Sir Harry Hope||Conservative|
Elections in the 1840s
Rae was appointed Lord Advocate, requiring a by-election.
Rae's death caused a by-election.
Stuart-Wortley was appointed Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1850s
|Peelite gain from Conservative|
Stuart-Wortley was appointed Solicitor General for England and Wales, requiring a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Peelite||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1860s
Mure's appointment as a Senator of the College of Justice, becoming Lord Mure, caused a by-election.
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal||John William Burns||362||40.7||−10.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.7|
Elections in the 1870s
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Russell was disqualified due to his holding of a government contract at the time of the election, causing a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Dalrymple was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Liberal|
|Liberal||Robert Allan Maclean||1,090||44.2||−6.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.6|
Robertson was appointed as Solicitor General for Scotland, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||Robert Earle M Smith||1,013||40.9||-1.7|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal Unionist||Edward Theodore Salvesen||1,426||49.4||−4.9|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.9|
|Conservative||Guy Thomas Speir||1,517||48.1||−6.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.2|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
- "Buteshire". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Buteshire". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Buteshire". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Buteshire". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Buteshire". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- Marjoribanks,Roger (2014) "Edinburgh Portrait, Sir John Marjoribanks , Bart, MP (1763–1833)" The Book of the Edinburgh Club, Volume 10, Pp 151-156, ISBN 0-9517284-9-0
- "Montrose, Arbroath, and Brechin Review". 23 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 11 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Taylor, James (2013). Boardroom Scandal: The Criminalization of Company Fraud in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-19-969579-9. Retrieved 11 September 2018 – via Google Books.
- Foot, M. R. D., ed. (1968). The Gladstone Diaries: Volume One: 1825 - 1832. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 586. ISBN 0-19-821370-0. Retrieved 11 September 2018 – via Google Books.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Northern Warder and General Advertiser for the Counties of Fife, Perth and Forfar". 13 July 1841. p. 4. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Debrett's House of Commons, 1870
- "To the Electors of the County of Bute". Greenock Telegraph and Clyde Shipping Gazette. 7 November 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 31 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1908
- "Representation of Buteshire". South Wales Echo. 6 October 1891. p. 3. Retrieved 16 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916