Burton Farmers Gin

The Burton Farmers Gin is a 2- and 3-story cotton gin house located close to the commercial district of Burton, Texas. It has also been known as Burton Farmers Gin Association's Site No. 3. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.[1] It hosts the Texas Cotton Gin Museum. Besides the gin, the museum includes cotton warehouses and a shoe shop.[2]

Burton Farmers Gin
Burton Farmers Gin in 2016
Burton Farmers Gin
Burton Farmers Gin
LocationMain St. SE of Burton St.,
Burton, Texas
Coordinates30°10′40″N 96°35′38″W
Arealess than one acre
Built1914 (1914)
Built byWeeren Bros.
MPSBurton MPS
NRHP reference #91000712[1]
RTHL #8317
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJune 11, 1991
Designated RTHL1988

There were 4300 gins in Texas in 1912, according to a Texas Almanac. In the early 20th century, small towns in Washington County, Texas reportedly could support one or two gins. Location next to a railroad or close to cotton production was essential. Burton Farmers Gin was one of four gins that operated in Burton; two ceased operations by the 1910s and the Bauer Gin operated until 1948; these others are all gone. This gin was established by a group of farmers who formed the Burton Farmers Gin Association in 1913. Built in 1914, the gin has gone through numerous alteration and additions. The gin has a 125-HP Bessemer engine, which replaced the original steam engine in 1926. The gin ceased operations in 1974 but its equipment remained in place, and it was in "magnificent" condition. As of 1991, the only other surviving gin was a brick ginhouse in Brenham, Texas.[3]

See also

References

  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. "Texas Cotton Gin Museum". www.cottonginmuseum.org. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  3. Julie Strong and Bruce Jenson (April 1991), National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Burton Farmers Gin / Burton Farmers Gin Association (Site No. 3), National Archives (accessible by searching within National Archives Catalog Retrieved April 20, 2017)

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