In probability theory, statistics and econometrics, the Burr Type XII distribution or simply the Burr distribution is a continuous probability distribution for a non-negative random variable. It is also known as the Singh–Maddala distribution and is one of a number of different distributions sometimes called the "generalized log-logistic distribution". It is most commonly used to model household income, see for example: Household income in the U.S. and compare to magenta graph at right.
Probability density function
Cumulative distribution function
|Mean||where Β() is the beta function|
|Ex. kurtosis||where moments (see)|
The Burr (Type XII) distribution has probability density function:
When c = 1, the Burr distribution becomes the Pareto Type II (Lomax) distribution. When k = 1, the Burr distribution is a special case of the Champernowne distribution, often referred to as the Fisk distribution.
- Dagum distribution, also known as the inverse Burr distribution.
- Burr, I. W. (1942). "Cumulative frequency functions". Annals of Mathematical Statistics. 13 (2): 215–232. doi:10.1214/aoms/1177731607. JSTOR 2235756.
- Singh, S.; Maddala, G. (1976). "A Function for the Size Distribution of Incomes". Econometrica. 44 (5): 963–970. doi:10.2307/1911538. JSTOR 1911538.
- Maddala, G. S. (1996) . Limited-Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-33825-5.
- Tadikamalla, Pandu R. (1980), "A Look at the Burr and Related Distributions", International Statistical Review, 48 (3): 337–344, doi:10.2307/1402945, JSTOR 1402945
- C. Kleiber and S. Kotz (2003). Statistical Size Distributions in Economics and Actuarial Sciences. New York: Wiley. See Sections 7.3 "Champernowne Distribution" and 6.4.1 "Fisk Distribution."
- Champernowne, D. G. (1952). "The graduation of income distributions". Econometrica. 20 (4): 591–614. doi:10.2307/1907644. JSTOR 1907644.
- See Kleiber and Kotz (2003), Table 2.4, p. 51, "The Burr Distributions."