Burlingame, California

Burlingame (/ˈbɜːrlɪŋɡm/) is a city in San Mateo County, California. It is located on the San Francisco Peninsula and has a significant shoreline on San Francisco Bay. The city is named after diplomat Anson Burlingame and is often referred to as the City of Trees[9] due to its numerous eucalyptus groves. Burlingame is known for its high residential quality of life with a walkable downtown area and excellent public school system.[10] In September 2018, the median home value in Burlingame was $2.3M. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, Burlingame had a population of 28,806.[11]

Burlingame, California
City of Burlingame
Burlingame Avenue

Location of Burlingame in San Mateo County, California
Burlingame, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°35′0″N 122°21′49″W
CountryUnited States
CountySan Mateo
IncorporatedJune 6, 1908[1]
Named forAnson Burlingame[2]
  MayorDonna Colson[3]
  City managerLisa Goldman[4]
  Total6.06 sq mi (15.68 km2)
  Land4.41 sq mi (11.41 km2)
  Water1.65 sq mi (4.28 km2)  27.25%
Elevation39 ft (12 m)
  Density6,878.77/sq mi (2,655.71/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
Area code650
FIPS code06-09066
GNIS feature IDs1659704, 2409945


Howard–Ralston Eucalyptus Tree Rows
LocationEl Camino Real, Burlingame, CA
NRHP reference #12000127
Added to NRHPMarch 15, 2012

Burlingame is situated on land previously owned by San Francisco-based merchant William Davis Merry Howard.[12] Howard planted many eucalyptus trees on his property and retired to live on the land. Howard died in 1856 and the land was sold to William C. Ralston, a prominent banker. In 1868, Ralston named the land after his friend, Anson Burlingame, the United States Ambassador to China. After the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, hundreds of lots in Burlingame were sold to people looking to establish new homes, and the town of Burlingame was incorporated in 1908.[12] In 1910, the neighboring town of Easton was annexed and this area is now known as the Easton Addition neighborhood of Burlingame.

Burlingame is known as the City of Trees due to its over 18,000 public trees within the city. In 1908, the Burlingame board of trustees passed an ordinance "prohibiting cutting, injuring, or destroying trees".[13] The city also has many parks and eucalyptus groves.

In 2018, upon the 150th anniversary of the 1868 landmark Burlingame Treaty between the U.S. and China, a new bust of diplomat Anson Burlingame, sculpted by Zhou Limin from China, was unveiled at an international ceremony at the Burlingame Public Library.[14][15]



There are four highways passing through Burlingame. Highway 101 runs near the San Francisco Bay, running from San Jose to San Francisco. Highway 82, also known as El Camino Real, follows a parallel course. Highway 35 (Skyline Boulevard) connects with Interstate 280.


Caltrain has served Burlingame since 1985 when it bought out Southern Pacific. It uses the same depot that was used in the early 20th century.


Bay Area Rapid Transit has its final stop in Millbrae, just north of Burlingame. BART's tracks are within Burlingame city limits.


Burlingame is served by SamTrans buses and Commute.org and Caltrain shuttles. The City of Burlingame and local businesses sponsor the Burlingame Trolley, a two-route shuttle.[16]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2). 4.4 square miles (11 km2) of it is land, and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) of it (27.25%) is water.[11]

Several creeks drain across Burlingame from the peninsula hills to the San Francisco Bay.


Burlingame experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Burlingame has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate.[17]


Historical population
Est. 201830,467[8]5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

The 2010 United States Census[19] reported that Burlingame had a population of 28,806. The population density was 6,537.9 people per square mile (2,524.4/km²). Details regarding the demographic profile are shown below.

Demographic profile[20] 2010
Total Population28,806 – 100.0%
White (Non-Hispanic)17,434 – 60.5%
Asian alone5,773 – 20.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)3,966 – 13.8%
Black or African American alone327 – 1.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone34 – 0.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone129 – 0.4%
Some other race alone156 – 0.5%
Two or more races alone987 – 3.4%

The population was spread out with 6,256 people (21.7%) under the age of 18, 1,496 people (5.2%) aged 18 to 24, 8,872 people (30.8%) aged 25 to 44, 8,136 people (28.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,046 people (14.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

There were 13,027 housing units at an average density of 2,956.7 per square mile (1,141.6/km²). There were 12,361 households with average household size of 2.29. There were 7,183 families (58.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.02.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2015 median household income was $94,500 and per capita income was $62,019.[21]



In the California State Legislature, Burlingame is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill, and in the 22nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Kevin Mullin.[22]

In the United States House of Representatives, Burlingame is in California's 14th congressional district, represented by Democrat Jackie Speier.[23]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Burlingame has 17,750 registered voters. Of those, 8,439 (47.5%) are registered Democrats, 3,048 (17.2%) are registered Republicans, and 5,551 (31.3%) have declined to state a political party.[24]


In the 1920s Burlingame became a popular location for automobile retailers which became known as "Auto Row".[25] In the 1960s, various airline support service businesses opened in Burlingame due to its proximity to San Francisco International Airport.[26] As of 2018, LSG/Sky Chefs, Inc., Virgin America, and China Airlines are all located in Burlingame. Historically, Burlingame has also been home to many candy and chocolate companies, including the Burlingame Museum of Pez Memorabilia, Guittard Chocolate,[27] the See's Candies lollipop factory,[28] and family owned candy stores Powell's, Preston's, Aida Opera Candies, and Nuts for Candy.

Since 2010, Burlingame's economy has diversified substantially and it has become an attractive location for biotechnology companies owing to its proximity to South San Francisco, the birthplace of the biotechnology industry. Biotechnology companies with offices in Burlingame include: Annai Systems, Breathometer, Cala Health, Cleave Biosciences, Collaborative Drug Discovery,[29] Confidence Clinical Research, Corvus Pharmaceuticals, Igenica Biotherapeutics, Kindred Biosciences, Omnitura, Phoenix Pharmaceuticals, Pulse Biosciences, Respira Therapeutics, and Vector Labs.[30]

Additionally, multiple high technology firms have established offices in Burlingame due to its location between the booming technology centers of Silicon Valley to the south and San Francisco to the north. Tech companies with Burlingame offices include: Zecco.com, Natsume, Color Genomics, CarWoo, Jobvite, DataStax, Sprint's M2M Collaboration Center, YouWeb, OpenFeint, CrowdStar, BitGravity, Veebeam, and TellApart.[31]


Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

San Mateo Union High School District operates local high schools while the Burlingame School District operates elementary and middle schools.

Burlingame High School is the city's sole public high school. Burlingame Intermediate School is Burlingame's sole public middle school. There are six public elementary schools serving Burlingame. They are Franklin Elementary, Lincoln Elementary, McKinley Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, Washington Elementary, and Hoover Elementary.[32] According to the 2009 Base Academic Performance Index (API) Scores from the California Department of Education, the Burlingame School District ranks among the best in the state, with 4 out of their 6 public elementary schools (Roosevelt Elementary, Washington Elementary, Franklin Elementary, and Lincoln Elementary) scoring well between 880 and 925, and with ratings of 9 or 10.[33] Burlingame school district enrollment has continually been increasing as young families move to the city. The city has passed two bond measures to add new facilities and modernize existing facilities to provide state-of-the-art classrooms. The city recently extensively renovated and modernized the Hoover School, which was built in 1931 and reopened in 2016.

Private schools

Mercy High School is a private Catholic all-girls high school in Burlingame. It was founded in 1931 by the Sisters of Mercy. The school is located in the Kohl Mansion which is a Historic Landmark.[34] Our Lady of Angels School and St. Catherine of Siena School are located in Burlingame.

Public libraries

Burlingame Library is located in Burlingame. It was established by city ordinance October 11, 1909. Following the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, the City approved a bond issue to reconstruct the library. The architecture has won awards and was featured in Library Journal as well as earning a cover story in American Libraries. A second branch, located on Easton Drive, is substantially smaller than the main branch. Both are operated by the Peninsula Library System, the library authority for the county.

Points of interest

  • Burlingame Avenue and Broadway, two streets running parallel to each other about one mile apart, are two of the city's main retail districts.[35]
  • Burlingame Station, a Caltrain station in Burlingame, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[36]
  • Kohl Mansion is a 63-room brick Tudor-style mansion on 40 acres of land. It was originally built by Bessie and Frederick Kohl, with architects Howard and White, and completed in 1914. The estate included tennis courts, greenhouses, a rose garden, a large carriage house, and a 150,000 gallon reservoir. In 1921, the silent version of the film Little Lord Fauntleroy, with Mary Pickford, was filmed in the Kohl Mansion. The mansion, sold to the Sisters of Mercy in 1924, was a convent from 1924 to 1931, and it has been the home of Mercy High School since 1931.[37]
  • Burlingame Museum of PEZ Memorabilia is located off of Burlingame game avenue and claims to have every Pez dispenser ever sold. It was founded in 1995 by Gary and Nancy Doss who had been collecting Pez Dispensers for more than a decade. The Pez Museum has been featured in Time Magazine, the Discovery Channel, and the Travel Channel.

[38] [39]

Notable people

  • In The Maltese Falcon, Sam Spade rushes to 26 Ancho Street in Burlingame to rescue Brigid O'Shaughnessy.[43]
  • Scenes from the film Dangerous Minds were filmed on the campus of Burlingame High School in the spring of 1994.[44]
  • Burlingame is home to the historic Kohl Mansion, where the movie Flubber was filmed.[45]
  • In James Patterson's Women's Murder Club series, San Francisco Assistant District Attorney Jill Bernhardt lives in Burlingame.
  • Leo Wyatt, character from the series Charmed, was born in Burlingame.

See also


  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. "About Burlingame". City of Burlingame, California. Archived from the original on February 9, 2007. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  3. "Meet the Council". City of Burlingame, California. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  4. "City Manager". City of Burlingame, California. Archived from the original on March 21, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  5. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
  6. "Burlingame". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  7. "Burlingame (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2015-03-23. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  9. "A Leafy Legacy: Trees of Burlingame". A Leafy Legacy: Trees of Burlingame. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  10. "California School Ratings". www. school-ratings.com. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  11. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Burlingame city, California". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
  12. "History of Burlingame". www.burlingame.org. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
  13. "Urban Reforestation and Tree Protection" Burlingame Municipal Code
  14. "Anson Burlingame Bust Unveiled in Library". Burlingame Historical Society. Burlingame, California. 16 November 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  15. "The Unveiling Of The Bust Of Anson Burlingame". dingdingtv.com. Silicon Valley Innovation Channel. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  16. "Public Transportation Links". Archived from the original on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  17. "Burlingame, California Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
  18. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Burlingame city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  20. "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census".
  21. "Population estimates, July 1, 2013, (V2013)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  22. "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  23. "California's 14th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  24. "CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – February 10, 2019" (PDF). ca.gov. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  25. "Auto Row - Burlingame Chamber of Commerce". Burlingame Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  26. "Best Places to Live: Burlingame." San Jose Magazine. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  27. "Our Company | Guittard Chocolate Company". www.guittard.com. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
  28. "Our Timeline | See's Candies". www.sees.com. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
  29. trademark., Collaborative Drug Discovery, Inc. CDD Vault® is a registered. "Contact Us | Collaborative Drug Discovery". info.collaborativedrug.com. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  30. "Links to biotechnology, pharmaceutical & medical device companies in Northern California". biopharmguy.com. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  31. "Burlingame becoming new tech hub – The Mercury News". Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  32. "Burlingame: After closing nearly 40 years ago, Hoover Elementary reopens". The Mercury News. 2016-08-24. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  33. "2009 Base API County List of Schools - San Mateo County". api.cde.ca.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  34. Mercy High School Burlingame: Sisters of Mercy. Mercyhsb.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  35. City of Burlingame, California : Dining and Shopping Archived 2017-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Burlingame.org (2012-02-05). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  36. "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  37. "History of the Kohl Mansion - Mercy High School Burlingame". www.mercyhsb.com. Archived from the original on 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  38. Friedman, Jan (2005). Eccentric California. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 22. ISBN 9781841621265.
  39. Bigley, Michele. Explorer's Guide Northern California. The Countryman Press. p. 182. p. 182. ISBN 9781581579499.
  40. "Artist Biography for Leon Gilmour". Askart.com. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  41. staff, Austin Walsh Daily Journal. "Burlingame native wins 'Survivor': Adam Klein earns $1 million for defeating 19 others on popular reality TV show". San Mateo Daily Journal. Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  42. Barone, Michael; Ujifusa, Grant (1987). The Almanac of American Politics 1988. National Journal. p. 105.
  43. "Burlingame: Paradise on the Peninsula". SFGate. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  44. "Michelle Pfeiffer Acts With Class / `Dangerous Minds' uses teacher plot well". SFGate. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  45. "Kohl Mansion has its roots in The Oaks". SFGate. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
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