Buch am Irchel

Buch am Irchel is a municipality in the district of Andelfingen in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.

Buch am Irchel

Coat of arms
Location of Buch am Irchel
Buch am Irchel
Buch am Irchel
Coordinates: 47°33′N 8°37′E
CountrySwitzerland
CantonZurich
DistrictAndelfingen
Area
  Total10.21 km2 (3.94 sq mi)
Elevation
534 m (1,752 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
  Total977
  Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Postal code
8414
SFOS number0024
LocalitiesOberbuch, Unterbuch, Bebikon, Desibach, Wiler
Surrounded byBerg am Irchel, Dättlikon, Dorf, Freienstein-Teufen, Neftenbach, Volken
Websitewww.buchamirchel.ch
SFSO statistics

History

Buch am Irchel is first mentioned around 1238 as Buoch. In 1244 it was mentioned as Bebinchon.[3]

Geography

Buch am Irchel has an area of 10.2 km2 (3.9 sq mi). Of this area, 56.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 37.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality includes the sections of Ober- and Unterbuch, which are located on the north-east slope of the Irchel elevation. It also includes the sections of Wiler, Bebikon, Desibach and Oberhueb. In 1855, the village of Gräslikon became part of Berg am Irchel.

Demographics

Buch am Irchel has a population (as of 31 December 2018) of 977.[5] As of 2007, 5.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 17.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (98.4%), with English and Spanish being the second most common ( 0.3%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 46.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CSP (12.9%), the FDP (12.2%) and the SPS (8.6%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 30.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 58.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 10.6%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Buch am Irchel about 86.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Buch am Irchel has an unemployment rate of 0.84%. As of 2005, there were 89 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 31 businesses involved in this sector. 31 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are five businesses in this sector. 50 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 15 businesses in this sector.[4] The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1634 311
1736 600
1850 840a
1900 516
1950 445
2000 728
^a Including Gräslikon, which became part of Berg am Irchel in 1855.

References

  1. "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. Buch am Irchel in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine accessed 27-Jul-2009
  5. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019
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