The town hall of Bry-sur-Marne
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Bry-sur-Marne (Île-de-France (region))
|Coordinates: 48°50′28″N 2°31′20″E|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean-Pierre Spilbauer|
|3.35 km2 (1.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||36–100 m (118–328 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Prehistory and early history
Bry's name comes from the Celtic word Briw, which means a bridge or a river crossing. The area has been inhabited since Neolithic times. The town's motto, which features on its coat of arms, is "Moult viel que Paris" - old French for "Much older than Paris".
In 1903, archeologist Adrien Mentienne uncovered the bones of a large bovine which died 15,000 years ago. In 1982, the skeleton of a woman who died in the 5th century BC was uncovered beneath the playground of a school in Bry. It is now housed in the town's museum.
From that century onwards, there was a permanent human presence where Bry now stands. In 1886, a necropolis was found which contained pottery, Gaul and Frankish weaponry, silver and gold jewelry, and coins, dating from the Gaul era to the Merovingian. The first known written mention of the town named Bry was in a charter signed by King Charles the Bald in 861.
The first church was built in 1130.
From the feudal era to modern times
In 1404, Robert de Châtillon, cousin of King Charles VI, was Bry's feudal lord. His castle no longer stands, and its exact location is uncertain. Bry's current château was built in the 1690s. It became the town hall in 1866. It was rebuilt after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870.
The commune has one public preschool, Maternelle Jules Ferry; three combined public preschools and elementary schools, La Pépinière, Paul Barilliet, and Louis Daguerre; as well as one public elementary school, Henri Cahn. The commune has a public junior high school, Collège Henri Cahn.
There are multiple public senior high schools in surrounding communes:
The Institut national de l'audiovisuel has its headquarters in the commune.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- (in French) Official town web page on the town's history
- (in French) Official town web page on the coat of arms
- see reference note n°1
- "Les écoles." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Collège Henri Cahn." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Institut Saint Thomas de Villeneuve." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Lycée Louis ARMAND." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016. The "Hôtel de Ville" is not the school address, but the address of the Bry-sur-Marne town hall.
- "Lycée Hector Berlioz." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016. The "Hôtel de Ville" is not the school address, but the address of the Bry-sur-Marne town hall.
- "Lycée Edouard Branly." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Lycée Paul Doumer." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Lycée Évarist Galois" [sic]. Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Lycée Pablo Picasso" [sic]. Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- (in French) All about Daguerre's diorama
- (in French) About the diorama on the town's website
- "Mentions légales Archived 2011-05-01 at the Wayback Machine." Institut national de l'audiovisuel. Retrieved on 5 May 2011. "Siège social et adresse postale : 4 avenue de l'Europe - 94366 Bry-sur-Marne cedex "
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