Brunswick River (New South Wales)

Brunswick River (/ˈbrʌnzwɪk/) is an open mature wave dominated barrier estuary,[4] located in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia.

Brunswick River
Middle Arm of Brunswick River
Main Arm of Brunswick River[1]
Littoral rainforest & oyster farm at Brunswick Heads, Australia. The rainforest features a large Ficus macrophylla in the left centre
Location of the Brunswick River mouth in New South Wales
EtymologyIn honour of Queen Caroline of Brunswick[2]
Native nameDurangbil[1]
StateNew South Wales
IBRANSW North Coast
DistrictNorthern Rivers
Physical characteristics
SourceMount Jerusalem
  locationPalmwoods, near Uki
  elevation141 m (463 ft)
MouthCoral Sea, South Pacific Ocean
Brunswick Heads
28°32′15″S 153°33′30″E
0 m (0 ft)
Length34 km (21 mi)
Basin size226.3 km2 (87.4 sq mi)
Basin features
  rightMullumbimby Creek, Kings Creek (New South Wales), Simpsons Creek
National parkMount Jerusalem NP

Course and features

Brunswick River rises on the eastern slopes of Mount Jerusalem, at Palmwoods, near Uki, and flows generally east southeast, before reaching its mouth at the Coral Sea of the South Pacific Ocean, at Brunswick Heads. The river descends 142 metres (466 ft) over its 34 kilometres (21 mi) course;[3] through the towns of Mullumbimby and Brunswick Heads.

Brunswick River is impounded by a lake at Tyagarah, where the local tea trees give the lake water a brown tint. This lake becomes a popular swimming hole in the summer months and is used by naturists who come down from Tyagrah Beach. The naturist area is only about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Byron Bay.

The north arm of the river, called Marshalls Creek, flows through Ocean Shores, Billinudgel, Ocean Shores North and The Pocket. Marshalls Creek also connects to a canal in Ocean Shores North and South Golden Beach. The south arm of the river, called Simpsons Creek, flows through Brunswick Heads, Bayside and Tyagarah.

Between Brunswick Heads and Ocean Shores, the Pacific Highway crosses the river.

See also


  1. "Brunswick River". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  2. "Brunswick Heads". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  3. "Map of Brunswick River, NSW". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  4. Roy, P. S; Williams, R. J; Jones, A. R; Yassini, I; et al. (2001). "Structure and Function of South-east Australian Estuaries". Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 53: 351–384. doi:10.1006/ecss.2001.0796.
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