Broken Hill railway line

The Broken Hill railway line is now part of the transcontinental railway from Sydney to Perth.

Broken Hill line
Broken Hill line at Parkes railway station
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Old gauge3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Route map

Main West Line at Orange
Orange East Fork Platform
Molong (1200m)
Molong-Dubbo line to Dubbo (inactive)
Manildra (630m)
Bumberry (931m)
Parkes Racecourse
Goobang Junction (1870m)
branch line to Narromine
Gunningbland (398m)
Bogan Gate (553m)
Tottenham line to Tottenham
Yarrabandai (1850m)
Derriwong (310m)
Condobolin (964m)
Kiacatoo (1850m)
Euabalong West (920m)
Matakana (1850m)
Roto (block post)
line to Temora (closed)
Wee Elwah
Trida (1850m)
Ivanhoe (1850m)
Darnick (900m)
Sayers Lake
Gum Lake
Kaleentha (1833m)
Menindee (1145m)
Box Tank
Horse Lake
Kinalung (1850m)
The Gorge
Mount Gipps
Broken Hill (1169m+890m)
South Australia border
Crystal Brook-Broken Hill railway line

New South Wales's first line opened from Sydney to Parramatta Junction (near Granville Station) in 1855 and was extended as the Main Western line in stages to Orange in 1877. The Broken Hill line branched off the Main Western line at Orange and was opened to Molong in 1885. It was extended to Parkes and Forbes in 1893. This line was extended from Parkes to Bogan Gate and Condobolin in 1898 and Roto and Trida in 1919.

An isolated section of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge line was also opened from Menindee to the town of Broken Hill in 1919, which met the 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge Silverton Tramway at a break-of-gauge. At Cockburn, the Silverton Tramway connected with the South Australian Railways system to Port Pirie and via a break of gauge at Terowie to Adelaide. The final missing link between Trida and Menindee was completed in 1927. The Broken Hill Express, running from Sydney to Broken Hill, was introduced from November 1927. Included in its composition was Dining Car AB90, making it the first regularly scheduled Dining Car in that state.[1] In 1969, the Broken Hill - Port Pirie line was standardised, completing the Sydney–Perth standard gauge link.[2] Today, the line is utilised by the Outback Xplorer from Sydney Central to Broken Hill, as well as the transcontinental Indian Pacific from Sydney to Perth.

Branch line

A branch line was opened from Molong to Dubbo as an alternative route with better grades in 1925. It closed in 1987. Another branch line was opened from Bogan Gate to Trundle in 1907, Tullamore in 1908 and Tottenham in 1916.[3]

Crossing loops

The maximum length of trains on this line is 1,800 metres (5,900 ft), but only some of the crossing loops are of this length.

See also


  1. On-train Catering in New South Wales Banger, Chris Australian Railway History, March, 2004 pp102-103
  2. "Broken Hill Line". Retrieved 17 November 2006.
  3. "Tottenham Branch". Retrieved 17 November 2006.


  • McCarthy K. Steaming down Argent Street. Sydney Tramway Museum, Sutherland. 1983.

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