British Rail Class 44
The British Rail Class 44 or Sulzer Type 4 diesel locomotives were built by British Railways' Derby Works between 1959 and 1960. They were named after British mountains, and consequently nicknamed Peaks.
|Derby Type 4|
British Rail Class 44
44010 "Tryfan" heads a freight train on the Birmingham-Peterborough line, in Leicestershire, April 1976.
In part inspired by LMS prototypes 10000 and 10001, and by Southern Railway 10201-10203, the Class 44 diesels were some of the first big diesels commissioned for the British Rail modernisation project and were the precursors to the Class 45 and Class 46 locomotives of similar design. The allocation of all ten locomotives in March 1974 was Toton.
When initially put into service, the locomotives were fitted with multi-unit working and steam heating boilers for passenger service. They worked regularly over the West Coast Main Line for a couple of years, and also between London St Pancras and Manchester Exchange.
Once the Class 45 units were available, the steam heating boilers were removed and the Class 44 locomotives were assigned to freight duties. They mostly operated in the East Midlands, all being based at Toton until 1980.
|D1||44001||Scafell Pike||October 1976||Scrapped at Derby Works (February 1977)|
|D2||44002||Helvellyn||February 1979||Scrapped at Derby Works (October 1979)|
|D3||44003||Skiddaw||July 1976||Scrapped at Derby Works (August 1976)|
|D4||44004||Great Gable||November 1980||Preserved at Midland Railway – Butterley|
|D5||44005||Cross Fell||April 1978||Scrapped at Derby Works (November 1978)|
|D6||44006||Whernside||January 1977||Scrapped at Derby Works (February 1978)|
|D7||44007||Ingleborough||November 1980||Scrapped at Derby Works (November 1981)|
|D8||44008||Penyghent||November 1980||Preserved at Peak Rail, Matlock, Derbyshire|
|D9||44009||Snowdon||March 1979||Scrapped at Derby Works (July 1980)|
|D10||44010||Tryfan||May 1977||Scrapped at Derby Works (July 1978)|
Two locomotives have survived to preservation.
(Current in bold)
|D4||44004||Great Gable||BR Blue||Midland Railway - Butterley||Owning group Peak Locomotive Company|
|D8||44008||Penyghent||BR Green||Peak Rail||Privately owned|
- British Railways Locoshed Book 1974 edition. Shepperton: Ian Allan. 1974. p. 30. ISBN 0-7110-0558-3.
- "class 44, D1, 44001, scafell pike, BR Sulzer Type 4". Derbysulzers.com. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to British Rail Class 44.|
- Harris, Roger (1985). The Allocation History of BR Diesels and Electrics (2nd ed.). Bromsgrove: Roger Harris.
- McManus, Michael. Ultimate Allocations, British Railways Locomotives 1948 - 1968. Wirral. Michael McManus.
- Jacob, Michael (October 1982). "Water, water everywhere...". Rail Enthusiast. EMAP National Publications. pp. 28–31. ISSN 0262-561X. OCLC 49957965.
- Kerry, Mike (November 1986). "Spectacular Stuff!". Rail Enthusiast. No. 62. EMAP National Publications. pp. 36–39. ISSN 0262-561X. OCLC 49957965.
- Webb, Brian (1978). Sulzer Diesel Locomotives of British Rail. David & Charles. ISBN 0715375148.