British Forces Germany
British Forces Germany (BFG) was the generic name for the three services of the British military, made up of service personnel, UK Civil Servants and dependents (family members), based in Germany. It was first established following the Second World War the largest parts of it becoming known as the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) and RAF Germany (RAFG).
|British Forces Germany|
|Part of||UK Ministry of Defence|
|Colonel Tim Hill|
It was the largest concentration of British armed forces permanently stationed outside the United Kingdom. With the end of the Cold War and the Options for Change defence review in the early 1990s, BFG as a whole has been considerably reduced. Since the 1990s, the British presence was centred on the 1st Armoured Division, and supporting elements.
Following the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review, the permanent deployment will end by 2020. As of 1 April 2019, there were 2,850 troops in Germany, down from 19,100 in April 2010. However, around 185 British Army personnel and 60 Ministry of Defense civilians will remain in Germany beyond 2020.
First established following the Second World War, the forces grew during the Cold War, consisting by the early 1980s of I (BR) Corps made up of four divisions; 1st Armoured Division, 2nd Armoured Division, 3rd Armoured Division and the 4th Armoured Division.
Disbandment of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) and Royal Air Force Germany (RAFG) in 1994, following the end of the Cold War and the Options for Change defence review in the early 1990s, reduced the personnel strength of the British Armed Forces in Germany by almost 30,000 with just one division (1st Armoured Division) remaining. The British presence was estimated to have been contributing 1.5 billion Euros annually to the German economy in 2004. Following a further spending review, one brigade was withdrawn and Osnabrück Garrison closed in 2009.
Administrative support for British service personnel in Germany and across Continental Europe was delegated to United Kingdom Support Command (Germany). The four Army garrisons in Germany were under the direct administrative control of UKSC. The General Officer Commanding UKSC also functioned as head of the British Forces Liaison Organisation (Germany), which is responsible for liaising and maintaining relations with German civil authorities. HQ British Forces Germany was formed in January 2012 replacing the United Kingdom Support Command (Germany) (UKSC(G)) and the Germany Support Group (GSG).
Rhine Garrison, which principally comprised HQ British Forces Germany in the Rheindahlen Military Complex and Elmpt Station, also reduced in size; the HQ moved to Bielefeld in July 2013 and other units returned to the UK. The two central garrisons - Gütersloh and Paderborn - combined to form a single "super garrison" called Westfalen Garrison in April 2014.
Under the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review, permanent deployment will end by 2019, although some training will still be undertaken with regards to NATO capability.
Off duty life
During the height of "the Troubles" in Northern Ireland, the IRA targeted personnel in Germany between 1988 and 1990. The attacks resulted in the deaths of nine people, including three civilians, and many wounded. As a result, vehicles owned by personnel ceased to have distinct registration plates, which had made them easily identifiable.
- 1994–1995 Major-General Scott Grant
- 1995–1997 Major-General Christopher Drewry
- 1997–2001 Major-General Christopher Elliott
- 2001–2003 Major-General John Moore-Bick
- 2003–2006 Major-General David Bill
- 2006–2009 Major-General Mungo Melvin
- 2009–2012 Major-General Nicholas Caplin
General Officer Commanding British Forces Germany
- 2012–2015 Major-General John Henderson
Commander British Forces Germany
- 2015–2018 Brigadier Ian Bell
- 2018–2019 Brigadier Richard Clements
Commander British Army Germany
- BFG, Commander (September 23, 2019). "So, it is time to say Aufwiedersehen. It has been an honour to command this fantastic organisation doing its very best to support our people here in . Thank you. This account will transfer to the new Comd British Army Germany, Col Tim Hill. Please continue & follow him.pic.twitter.com/TU3GKnZFPU".
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- Chandler (2003), The Oxford History of the British Army, p. 360
- – Annual Location Statistics, 1 April 2019
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- United Kingdom Support Command
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- "Army commands" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 5, 2015.
- So, it is time to say Aufwiedersehen. It has been an honour to command this fantastic organisation doing its very best to support our people here in . Thank you. This account will transfer to the new Comd British Army Germany, Col Tim Hill. Please continue & follow him.pic.twitter.com/TU3GKnZFPU
- "'They're Moving Back': New BFG Commander Shuts Down 20 Brigade Rumours". Forces Net. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- Durie, William (2012). The British Garrison Berlin 1945-1994: nowhere to go. Berlin, Vergangenheitsverl. ISBN 978-3-86408-068-5.
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