Brest Region

Brest Region or Brest Voblast or Brest Oblast (Belarusian: Брэ́сцкая во́бласць; Bresckaja vobłasć; Russian: Бре́стская о́бласть; Brestskaya Oblast) is one of the regions of Belarus. Its administrative center is Brest.

Brest Region

Брэсцкая вобласць (Belarusian)
Брестская область (Russian)

Flag

Coat of arms
Administrative centerBrest
Largest citiesBrest - 350,616
Baranavichy - 179,000
Pinsk - 137,960
Districts16
Cities: 20
Urban localities: 9
Villages: 2,178
Established1939
Government
  ChairmanAnatoly Vasilyevich Lis
Area
  Total32,790.68 km2 (12,664 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total1,380,391
  Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeBY-BR
HDI (2017)0.809[1]
very high · 3rd
Websitewww.brest-region.by

Important cities within the region include: Baranavichy, Brest, and Pinsk.

Geography

It is located in the southwestern part of Belarus, bordering the Podlasie and Lublin voivodeships of Poland on the west, the Volyn Oblast and Rivne Oblast of Ukraine on the south, the Grodno Region and Minsk Region on the north, and Gomel Region on the east. The region covers at total area of 32,800 km²,[2] about 15,7% of the national total.

Kamenets District of Brest Region in few kilometers to the South-West from Vysokaye town on the Bug River the western extreme point of Belarus is situated.[3] 2,7% of the territory are covered with Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park, 9,8% are covered with 17 wildlife preserves of national importance.[4]

It is often dubbed the Western gateway to Belarus. Geographically, the Brest Region belongs to the area known as Polesia. The area of the region was part of the Second Polish Republic from 1921 until 1939 largely as the Polesie Voivodeship, when it was joined to the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. Northeastern part of it was administrated as part of Nowogrodek Voivodeship.

Demographics

The Brest Region has a population of 1,380,391,[5] about 14,7% of the national total. About 47.2% of the region's population are men, and the remaining 52.8% are women. Number of inhabitants per 1 km2 is 43.[2] Share of urban population is increasing continuously since the 1950s (17.1% in 1950, 70.5% in 2017).[6]

Of the major nationalities living in the Brest Region, 1,262,600 are Belarusians (85%), 128,700 (8.6%) are Russians, 57,100 (3.8%) are Ukrainians, and 27,100 (1.8%) are Poles. 53.7% of the population speak Belarusian and 42.6% speak Russian as their native language.[7]

Brest is the province with the highest birth rate in all of Belarus. As of 2008, the birth rate was 12.0 per 1000 and death rate was 13.4 per 1000.[8] In 2017, 12.4% of live births were to unmarried women (average in Belarus — 18.1%).[9]

As of 2018, share of the population under working age was 19.3% (average in Belarus — 17.9%), of working age — 55.7% (average in Belarus — 57.2%), over working age — 25% (average in Belarus — 25.1%).[10][11]

In 2015—2017, the region had a positive net migration rate for international migration (+3,209 in 2015, +1,771 in 2016, +1,357 in 2017) and negative — for internal migration (-6,294 in 2015, -3,659 in 2016, -1,836 in 2017). In 2017, 6,944 people which departed from the Brest Region arrived in Minsk, 2,219 — in the Minsk Region, 2,118 — in the Hrodna Region, less than 1,000 — in every other region.[12]

Year193919501955196019651970197519801985
Population (thousands)[6]1,208.91,186.21,1421,191.51,234.41,292.81,332.81,3671,407.5
Year199019952000200520062007200820092010
Population (thousands)[6]1,460.51,497.41,481.91,439.31,426.81,417.81,409.71,404.51,399.2
Year201120122013201420152016201720182019
Population (thousands)[6][5]1,394.81,391.41,390.41,388.51,388.91,387.01,386.41,384.51,380.4
Birth & death rates19501960197019801985199019952000200520102011201220132014201520162017
Birth rate[13][14]26.325.517.416.817.11511.310.810.412.212.713.113.213.413.513.511.8
Death rate[13][15]96.97.69.910.610.512.512.714.214.314.213.11312.612.712.612.8
Life expectancy
at birth
19901995200020052010201520162017
Overall[16]7269.569.869.370.974.274.574.4
female[16]76.374.975.675.77778.979.479.3
male[16]67.364.464.263.365.169.269.469.4
Marriages and divorces195019601970198019901995200020052010201520162017
Marriages (total)[17]11,74311,61311,63913,36614,02911,3869,45310,66011,06011,1559,0169,123
Marriages (per 1000 population)[17]109.799.79.67.66.47.47.986.56.6
Divorces (total)[17]2028201,8863,1933,5024,7585,3433,8264,7624,2524,1864,108
Divorces (per 1000 population)[17]0.20.71.52.32.43.23.62.73.43.133

Administrative territorial entities

The region was formed in 1939 after reunification of Western Belarus and the Byelorussian SSR. Today it comprises 16 districts (raions), 225 rural councils (selsoviets), 20 cities, 5 city municipalities, 9 urban-type settlements, and 2178 villages.

Districts of Brest Region

The sixteen raions (districts) of the Brest Region are:

Cities and towns

English Belarusian Russian Pop.
BrestBelarusian: БрэстRussian: Брест350,616
BaranavichyBelarusian: БаранавiчыRussian: Барановичи179,000
PinskBelarusian: ПінскRussian: Пинск137,960
KobrynBelarusian: КобрынRussian: Кобрин53,411
ByarozaBelarusian: БярозаRussian: Берёза29,437
IvatsevichyBelarusian: ІвацэвічыRussian: Ивацевичи23,461
LuninyetsBelarusian: ЛунінецRussian: Лунинец24,971
PruzhanyBelarusian: ПружаныRussian: Пружаны18,819
Ivanava or YanavaBelarusian: Іванава, ЯнаваRussian: Иваново16,435
DrahichynBelarusian: ДрагічынRussian: Дрогичин14,931
HantsavichyBelarusian: ГанцавічыRussian: Ганцевичи13,949
MikashevichyBelarusian: МікашэвічыRussian: Микашевичи12,611
ByelaazyorskBelarusian: БелаазёрскRussian: Белоозёрск12,192
ZhabinkaBelarusian: ЖабінкаRussian: Жабинка14,577
StolinBelarusian: СтолінRussian: Столин13,791
LyakhavichyBelarusian: ЛяхавічыRussian: Ляховичи10,755
MalarytaBelarusian: МаларытаRussian: Малорита11,863
KamyanyetsBelarusian: КамянецRussian: Каменец8,347
Davyd-HaradokBelarusian: Давыд-ГарадокRussian: Давид-Городок5,818
VysokayeBelarusian: ВысокаеRussian: Высокое5,031
KosavaBelarusian: КосаваRussian: Коссово1,810

Tourism

There are about 70 travel agencies in Brest Region, most of them provide both agent and operator activities.[18][19] Main tourist attractions in the region are Belovezhskaya Puscha and Brest Fortress.

Economy

As of 2017, the industrial output of the region amounted to BYN 10,578 million (USD ~5,300 million), or 11.2% of the Belarusian industrial output.[20]

Food industry is the leading economy sphere in the region (47.6% of the region's industrial output). The biggest industrial plants in the region are "Savushkin produkt" (dairy products), "Santa Bremor" (fish products), Brestgazoapparat (gas equipment, including "Gefest" cookers; all three are situated in Brest), "Pinskdrev" in Pinsk (furniture, matches and other wood products), "Polesie" in Kobryn (toys and plastic products). Other major factories are machine tool plant "Atlant", cotton factory, military jet fighters repair plant (all three are situated in Baranavichy (Baranovichi)), sugar plant in Zhabinka, "Polesie" textile and garment factory in Pinsk, "Ivacevichidrev" wood products plant in Ivacevichi, "Granite" quarry in Mikashevichi, "Belsolod" malt factory in Ivanava (the only such plant in Belarus).[21]

Food factories in the region produced 153.9 thousand tons of meat and offal in 2017, 90 thousand tons of sausage products, 29.7 thousand tons of meat semi-finished products, 71.8 tons of fish and semi-finished products (including canned fish), 551.9 thousand tons of whole milk products, 47.2 thousand tons of cottage cheese, 66.1 thousand tons of cheese, 21.3 thousand tons of butter, 108.2 thousand tons of flour, 2.5 million decalitres of beer and 4.3 million decalitres of distilled alcoholic beverages.[22] Textile and garment factories produced 56,361 thousand m2 of fabrics in 2017, 994 thousand m2 of carpets, 5.9 million pieces of all types of knitwear, 1.9 million pieces of outerwear (except knitwear), 28.4 million pairs of socks and silimar hosiery, 623 thousand shoes.[23] Electrical plants in the region produced 242.2 thousand electric engines (alternating current), 4800 transformers, 899 thousand lamps.[24] Brest lamp factory is producing incandescent light bulbs, 2 factories are engaged in production of diodes and printed circuit boards.[21]

Byarozaŭskaja (Berezovskaya) thermal power plant in Byaroza District is one of the biggest power plants in Belarus (1095 MW, 4.8 GW·h annually). As of 2018, it had 4 power generating units with combined cycle gas turbines.[25]

As of 2017, total cultivated area in the region was 930,000 hectares, including 844,400 hectares of land used by agricultural organizations (mainly state-owned), 17,900 hectares — by the registered farmers, and 67,700 hectares — by personal farms of the population. 383,800 hectares of fields were used to grow cereals, 52,800 — rapeseeds, 21,800 — sugar beets, 5,700 — flax, 56,300 — potatoes, 12,700 — vegetables, 392,800 — feed crops.[26] Big agricultural organizations harvest almost all cereals, flax, sugar beets, rapeseeds and feed crops, while farmers (both registered and not) harvest more than 90% of potatoes (1,144,400 tons of 1,266,200 in the region) and vegetables (409,400 tons of 439,200 in the region).[27] Average cereal yield in the region in 2017 was 3,480 kg per hectare (average in Belarus — 3,330), sugar beet yield — 43,900 kg per hectare (average in Belarus — 49,900), flax fiber yield — 1,160 kg per hectare (average in Belarus — 920).[28][29] Due to warm mild climate and personal activity, the region leads in the production of many fruits, vegetables and berries in Belarus. Several villages are widely known as a "cucumber capital", "strawberry capital", "carrot capital", etc.[30]

As of 2018, agricultural organizations and farmers kept 861,600 cattle (including 301,100 cows), 491,100 pigs, 10,000 horses, 19,500 sheep, 7,605,000 poultry. In 2017, all types of farms in the region produced 218,700 tons of livestock and poultry meat (in slaughter weight), 1,605,000 tons of milk (second place among the regions of Belarus) and 606.8 million eggs (second place).[31]

See also

References

  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Territory and population density of Belarus by region as of January 1, 2011". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  3. "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
  4. "Nature reserves and national parks, wildlife preserves and nature sanctuaries". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  5. Численность населения по городам и районам (in Russian)
  6. Демографический ежегодник Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Минск, 2018. С. 29.
  7. Ethnic Composition of the Population of the Republic of Belarus: Population Census 2009. 3. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. p. 378. Archived from the original (Zip archive) on 23 April 2012.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-18. Retrieved 2008-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. Демографический ежегодник Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Минск, 2018. С. 266.
  10. Демографический ежегодник Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Минск, 2018. С. 51.
  11. Демографический ежегодник Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Минск, 2018. С. 78.
  12. Демографический ежегодник Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Минск, 2018. С. 415—416.
  13. Демографический ежегодник Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Минск, 2018. С. 144.
  14. Регионы Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Том 1. Минск, 2018. С. 109.
  15. Регионы Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Том 1. Минск, 2018. С. 116.
  16. Демографический ежегодник Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Минск, 2018. С. 179.
  17. Демографический ежегодник Республики Беларусь. Статистический сборник. Минск, 2018. С. 187.
  18. Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organizations engaged in tourist activities in 2010 in Belarus". Land of Ancestors. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  19. Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organisations engaged in tourist activities in Belarus by region". Land of Ancestors. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  20. Промышленность Республики Беларусь [Industry in Belarus]. Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2018. p. 38.
  21. Промышленность (in Russian)
  22. Промышленность Республики Беларусь [Industry in Belarus]. Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2018. p. 89-96.
  23. Промышленность Республики Беларусь [Industry in Belarus]. Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2018. p. 98—101.
  24. Промышленность Республики Беларусь [Industry in Belarus]. Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2018. p. 133.
  25. Березовская ГРЭС (in Russian)
  26. Сельское хозяйство Республики Беларусь [Agriculture in Belarus]. Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2018. p. 64—71.
  27. Сельское хозяйство Республики Беларусь [Agriculture in Belarus]. Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2018. p. 97—101.
  28. Сельское хозяйство (in Russian)
  29. Сельское хозяйство Республики Беларусь [Agriculture in Belarus]. Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2018. p. 110—117.
  30. В Брестской области появились свои сельскохозяйственные столицы (in Russian)
  31. Сельское хозяйство Республики Беларусь [Agriculture in Belarus]. Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2018. p. 131—155.

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