Bremer River (South Australia)

The Bremer River, part of the lower Murray-Darling catchment, is a river that is located in the Adelaide Hills region in the Australian state of South Australia.

Bremer
Single lane Callington Bridge over River Bremer
Location of the river mouth in South Australia
EtymologyJames Bremer, RN
Native nameMiochi[1]
Location
CountryAustralia
StateSouth Australia
RegionAdelaide Hills
TownsHarrogate, Callington,
and Langhorne Creek
Physical characteristics
SourceMount Lofty Ranges
  locationsouth of Mount Torrens
  coordinates34°57′05″S 138°58′11″E
  elevation431 m (1,414 ft)
MouthLake Alexandrina
  location
Murray Mouth
  coordinates
35°23′24″S 139°03′05″E
  elevation
1 m (3 ft 3 in)
Length88 km (55 mi)
Basin features
River systemMurray-Darling Basin
[2]

Course and features

The Bremer River rises on the eastern side of the Mount Lofty Ranges at an altitude of 431 metres (1,414 ft) AHD[2] south of Mount Torrens and flows generally south, joined by the Mount Barker Creek and Dawesley Creek, before emptying into Lake Alexandrina at the lower end of the Murray-Darling basin.[3] The river descends 430 metres (1,410 ft) over its 88-kilometre (55 mi) course.[2]

The largest town in the catchment area is Mount Barker. Other towns include Nairne and Kanmantoo. Towns on the Bremer River itself include Harrogate, Callington and Langhorne Creek, where the floodwaters are used to irrigate the local vineyards.[4]

The river is crossed by the Old Princes Highway near Callington.

Etymology

One recorded Aboriginal name for the Bremer River was Miochi.[1] On 31 December 1837 the first European visitor, Robert Cock, named it the Hindmarsh River, in deference to the first Governor, John Hindmarsh. This led to the following proclamation by the second Governor, George Gawler, appearing in the South Australian Gazette, effective 26 June 1839, ‘His Excellency the Governor having observed that to the southward [of Adelaide] there are two rivers named ‘The Hindmarsh’ – one flowing into Encounter Bay, and the other into Lake Alexandrina – is pleased to direct that the latter river shall in future be named the ‘River Bremer’, in the public maps, in order to avoid confusion in the geographical description of the province.’[5] The man so honoured by the renaming was the distinguished British Royal Navy officer James Bremer, who happened to command HMS Alligator, which conveyed Hindmarsh back to England.

See also

References

  1. Register newspaper, 24 October 1840, page 4.
  2. "Map of Bremer River, SA". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  3. "Bremer River near Hartley". Environment Protection Authority, Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 21 July 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2008.
  4. "Langhorne Creek". South Australian Tourism Commission, Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2008.
  5. Southern Australian, 3 July 1839, page 4.


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