Breeders' Cup Turf

The Breeders' Cup Turf is a Weight for Age Thoroughbred horse race on turf for three-year-olds and up. It is held annually at a different racetrack in the United States or Canada as part of the Breeders' Cup World Championships. The race's current title sponsor is Longines.

Breeders' Cup Turf
Grade I race
LocationNorth America
Race typeThoroughbred
WebsiteBreeders' Cup Turf
Race information
Distance1 12 miles
Qualification3-year-olds and up
4-year-olds & up: 126 lb (57.2 kg)
Northern Hemisphere 3-year-olds: 122 lb (55.3 kg)
Southern Hemisphere 3-year-olds: 117 lb (53.1 kg)
PurseUS$4 million

The race is run at the European Classic distance of 1 12 miles, making it one of the most internationally appealing races on the Breeders' Cup lineup. One of the biggest moments in the race's history came in 2018 when Enable became the first horse to win both the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and Breeders' Cup Turf in the same year.[1]

The forerunner for this race was the Washington, D.C. International Stakes at Laurel Park Racecourse. Inaugurated in 1952, it was raced on turf at 1 12 miles and drew the best horses from North America and Europe. A winner of this race was the American legend Kelso, albeit on his fourth attempt, after being second three times in a row.

Automatic berths

Beginning in 2007, the Breeders' Cup developed the "Breeders' Cup Challenge" a series of races in each division that allotted automatic qualifying bids to winners of defined races. Each of the thirteen divisions has between two and twelve of these "Win and You're In" qualifying races.

In the Breeders' Cup Turf Division, runners are limited to 14 with up to eleven automatic berths. Note though that one horse may win multiple challenge races, while other challenge winners will not be entered in the Breeders' Cup for a variety of reasons such as injury or travel considerations.

The 2019 "Win and You're In" races are:[2]

  1. the Gran Premio Internacional Carlos Pellegrini, a Grade 1 race run in December at Hipódromo de San Isidro in Argentina
  2. the Grande Prêmio Brasil, a Grade 1 race run in June at Hipódromo da Gávea in Brazil
  3. the Prince of Wales's Stakes, a Group I race run in June at Royal Ascot in England
  4. the Takarazuka Kinen, a Grade 1 race run in June at Hanshin Racecourse in Japan
  5. the King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes, a Group 1 race run in July at Ascot Racecourse in England
  6. the Arlington Million, a Grade 1 race run in August at Arlington Park in Illinois
  7. the Del Mar Handicap, a Grade 2 race run in August at Del Mar Racetrack in California
  8. the Sword Dancer Invitational, a Grade 1 race run in August at Saratoga Race Course in upstate New York
  9. the Jockey Club Derby, a new stakes race run in September at Belmont Park in New York
  10. the Irish Champion Stakes, a Group 1 race run in September at Leopardstown Racecourse in Ireland
  11. the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, a Group 1 race run in October at Longchamps in France


Most wins:

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:


Purse Grade
2019 Bricks and Mortar 5 Irad Ortiz Jr. Chad C. Brown Klaravich Stables and William Lawrence 2:24.73 $4,000,000 I
2018 Enable† (GB) 4 Frankie Dettori John Gosden Khalid ibn Abdullah 2:32.65 $4,000,000 I
2017 Talismanic 4 Mickael Barzalona André Fabre Godolphin Stable Lessee 2:26.19 $4,000,000 I
2016 Highland Reel (IRE) 4 Seamie Heffernan Aidan O'Brien Smith, Tabor & Magnier 2:23.00 $4,000,000 I
2015 Found 3 Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Smith, Tabor & Magnier 2:32.06 $3,000,000 I
2014 Main Sequence 5 John R. Velazquez Graham Motion Flaxman Holdings 2:24.91 $3,000,000 I
2013 Magician 3 Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Tabor, Magnier & Smith 2:23.23 $3,000,000 I
2012 Little Mike 5 Ramon Dominguez Dale Romans Priscilla Vaccarezza 2:22.83 $3,000,000 I
2011 St Nicholas Abbey 4 Joseph O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith, Tabor & Magnier 2:28:85 $3,000,000 I
2010 Dangerous Midge 4 Frankie Dettori Brian J. Meehan Iraj Parvizi 2:29.40 $3,000,000 I
2009 Conduit 4 Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Ballymacoll Farm 2:23.75 $3,000,000 I
2008 Conduit 3 Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Ballymacoll Farm 2:23.42 $3,000,000 I
2007 English Channel 5 John R. Velazquez Todd A. Pletcher James T. Scatuorchio 2:36.96 $3,000,000 I
2006 Red Rocks 3 Frankie Dettori Brian J. Meehan J. Paul Reddam 2:27.32 $2,000,000 I
2005 Shirocco 4 Christophe Soumillon Andre Fabre Baron Georg von Ullmann 2:29.20 $2,000,000 I
2004 Better Talk Now 5 Ramon Dominguez H. Graham Motion Bushwood Stables 2:29.70 $2,000,000 I
2003 High Chaparral (DH) 4 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Michael Tabor/Sue Magnier 2:24.24 $2,000,000 I
Johar (DH) 4 Alex Solis Richard Mandella The Thoroughbred Corp.
2002 High Chaparral 3 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Michael Tabor/Sue Magnier 2:30.14 $2,000,000 I
2001 Fantastic Light 5 Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin Racing 2:24.20 $2,000,000 I
2000 Kalanisi 4 Johnny Murtagh Sir Michael Stoute HH Aga Khan IV 2:26.96 $2,000,000 I
1999 Daylami 5 Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor HH Aga Khan IV/Godolphin 2:24.73 $2,000,000 I
1998 Buck's Boy 5 Shane Sellers P. Noel Hickey Quarter B Farm 2:28.74 $2,000,000 I
1997 Chief Bearhart 4 Jose Santos Mark Frostad Sam-Son Farm 2:23.92 $2,000,000 I
1996 Pilsudski 4 Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute Lord Weinstock 2:30.20 $2,000,000 I
1995 Northern Spur 4 Chris McCarron Ron McAnally Charles J. Cella 2:42.07 $2,000,000 I
1994 Tikkanen 3 Mike E. Smith Jonathan Pease Augustin Stable 2:26.50 $2,000,000 I
1993 Kotashaan 5 Kent Desormeaux Richard Mandella La Presle Farm 2:25.16 $2,000,000 I
1992 Fraise 4 Pat Valenzuela William I. Mott Madeleine Paulson 2:24.08 $2,000,000 I
1991 Miss Alleged 4 Eric Legrix Pascal Bary Fares Farm 2:30.95 $2,000,000 I
1990 In the Wings 4 Gary Stevens André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 2:29.60 $2,000,000 I
1989 Prized 3 Ed Delahoussaye Neil Drysdale Clover Racing/Meadowbrook 2:28.00 $2,000,000 I
1988 Great Communicator 5 Ray Sibille Thad Ackel Class Act Farm 2:35.20 $2,000,000 I
1987 Theatrical 5 Pat Day William I. Mott Allen E. Paulson 2:24.40 $2,000,000 I
1986 Manila 3 Jose Santos LeRoy Jolley Bradley M. Shannon 2:25.40 $2,000,000 I
1985 Pebbles 4 Pat Eddery Clive Brittain Sheikh Mohammed 2:27.00 $2,000,000 I
1984 Lashkari 3 Yves Saint-Martin Alain de Royer-Dupre HH Aga Khan IV 2:25.20 $2,000,000 I

† Indicates filly/mare

See also


  1. "Enable Makes History With Brilliant BC Turf Win". Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  2. "Breeders' Cup Announces Challenge Series Schedule". Retrieved 23 June 2019.
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