The Mitragliatrice Breda calibro 8 modello 38 per carri armati was an Italian tank-pattern machine gun used in the Second World War on the Fiat L6/40, the Fiat M11/39 and the Fiat M13/40. It was also adapted as infantry machine gun. The M38 is based upon the Breda M37. The Breda 38 received the German identification code Kampfwagen-Maschinengewehr 350(i).
|Mitragliatrice Breda cal. 8 mod. 38 per carri armati|
A Breda Mod 38 at display at the Forte di San Leo
|Type||Tank machine gun|
|Place of origin||Italy|
|Wars||World War II|
|Manufacturer||Breda Meccanica Bresciana|
|Mass||16.3 kg (36 lb)|
|Length||897.5 mm (35.33 in)|
|Barrel length||600 mm (24 in)|
|Cartridge||8×59mm RB Breda|
|Rate of fire||550 rds/min theoretical, 350 rds/min practical|
|Muzzle velocity||770 metres per second (2,500 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||300 m (330 yd)|
|Feed system||24-round vertical box magazine|
The Italians have also adapted it for use as an infantry machine gun. For this purpose the gun is mounted on a machine-gun tripod...by means of an adapter, and is fitted with a temporary rear sight on the right of the body and a temporary front sight on the right of the barrel at the muzzle. These temporary open sights take the place of the optical sight used when the gun is tank-mounted.
The gun is air-cooled, gas-operated, and magazine-fed, and has a quick-change barrel. Its operational features are simple, and it is extremely easy to field-strip or disassemble completely. The barrel is sufficiently heavy (9⅞ pounds) to enable it to fire a large number of rounds in quick succession without overheating.
- Pignato, p. 43.
- U.S. Military Intelligence Service (June 3, 1943), "Italian 8-mm Breda Machine Gun, Model 38, WWII Tactical and Technical Trends, No. 26", lonesentry.com, retrieved 6 October 2015
- Pignato, Nicola (1978). Armi della fanteria italiana nella seconda guerra mondiale (in Italian). Ermanno Albertelli Editore.