Brawny (barony)

Brawny (Irish: Breámhaine)[1] is a barony in south–west County Westmeath, Ireland. It was formed by 1672.[2] It is bordered by County Roscommon to the west. It also borders two other Westmeath baronies: Kilkenny West (to the north–east) and Clonlonan (to the south-east). The largest centre of population in the barony is the town of Athlone.

Brawny

Breámhaine
Location of Brawny on a map of Westmeath
Brawny
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°25′26″N 7°54′29″W
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyWestmeath
Area
  Total48.8 km2 (18.8 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST (WEST))
Irish Grid ReferenceN061415

Geography

Brawny has an area of 12,069.4 acres (48.843 km2).[2]

The barony contains a small part of the southern end of the second largest lake on the River Shannon, Lough Ree. It also includes part of the eastern half of the Shannon as far as Long Island to the south. The River Shannon is the longest river in Ireland at 360.5 km (224 miles).[3]

Several significant roads pass through the barony. The M6, a motorway forming part of the N6 Dublin to Galway national primary road, the N55 national secondary road connecting Athlone to Cavan and the N62 connecting the M6 to the M8.

A railway line carrying several of the national rail company Iarnród Éireann's intercity services also passes through the barony.

Civil parish

The barony is unusual in Ireland in having a single civil parish - St Mary's - that comprises the entire barony.[4] It should not to be confused with an Ecclesiastical parish of the same name.

Towns, villages and townlands

There are 62 townlands in the barony of Brawny.[2]

Places of interest

  • Moydrum Castle, the ruins of a gothic-revivalist castle, completed in 1814, destroyed by fire in 1921.

References

  1. Brawny The Placenames Database of Ireland Retrieved 27 May 2015
  2. "Barony of Brawny, Co. Westmeath". townlands.ie. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  3. "Primary Seniors - Mountains, Rivers & Lakes". Ordnance Survey Ireland. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  4. Civil parishes of the barony of Brawny. The Placenames Database of Ireland Retrieved 7 June 2015
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