Bottrop (German pronunciation: [ˈbɔtʁɔp] (
Coat of arms
|Coordinates: 51°31′29″N 06°55′22″E|
|District||Urban districts of Germany|
|• Mayor||Bernd Tischler (SPD)|
|• Total||100.7 km2 (38.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||60 m (200 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||02041, 02045|
The total area of the municipal territory is about 101 square kilometres (39 square miles). The longest north-south distance is 17 kilometres (11 miles), and from west to east 9 kilometres (5.6 miles). The highest peak within the city's territory is 78 metres (256 feet), the lowest one being 26 metres (85 feet) above sea level.
Bottrop is divided into 3 boroughs, they are: Bottrop-Mitte (Bottrop-Center), Bottrop-Süd (Bottrop South) and Bottrop-Kirchhellen, each one having a borough representation and a borough ruler.
These boroughs are further subdivided into city parts, partly named after their traditional name, while the newly built parts are only recently named :
- Bottrop-Mitte: Eigen, Fuhlenbrock, Stadtmitte
- Bottrop-Süd: Batenbrock, Boy, Ebel, Lehmkuhle, Vonderort, Gartenstadt Welheim (Garden city Welheim) and Welheimer Mark
- Bottrop-Kirchhellen: Ekel, Feldhausen, Grafenwald, Hardinghausen, Holthausen, Im Loh, Kirchhellen, Kuhberg, Overhagen
For statistical reasons, Bottrop is also divided into statistical boroughs. They are (with their official numbering)
- 11 Altstadt
- 12 Nord-Ost (Northeast)
- 13 Süd-West (Southwest)
- 21 Fuhlenbrock-Heide (Fuhlenbrock-Heath)
- 22 Fuhlenbrock-Wald (Fuhlenbrock-Forest)
From 1919 until 1976 Kirchhellen was its own town. From 1976 until 1978 it was a part of "GlaBotKi"(Gladbeck, Bottrop, Kirchhellen). In 1978 Kirchhellen became part of Bottrop.
Most of Kirchhellen is Catholic (approx. 65%) - there are three churches there. There is one Lutheran church.
Culture and attractions
Theaters, museums and buildings
- Main Post Office, constructed 1921-1923.
- The Quadrat is a Museum housing permanent exhibitis on local history and displaying works by Josef Albers as well as many temporary exhibitions.
- City Hall (Neo-Renaissance 1910–1916) is regarded as the emblem of the city.
- Schloss Beck theme park and castle (late baroque period 1766–1777)
- Villa Dickmann, constructed 1901–1903 (Art Nouveau)
- Alte Apotheke (Old Pharmacy, Wilhelminian style 1895)
- Catholic churches
- Heilige Familie
- Heilig Kreuz, built 1955–57, Windows by Georg Meistermann
- Herz Jesu, built 1929
- St. Antonius
- St. Barbara
- St. Bonifatius
- St. Cyriakus, Propstei, built 1861/62 by Emil von Manger
- St. Elisabeth, built 1954
- St. Franziskus
- St. Johannes Baptist (BOT-Boy)
- St. Johannes der Täufer (BOT-Kirchhellen)
- St. Joseph
- St. Ludger
- St. Mariä Himmelfahrt
- St. Matthias
- St. Michael
- St. Paul
- St. Peter
- St. Pius
- St. Suitbert, built 1955
- Protestant churches
- Martinskirche, erbaut 1884
- Malakow-Turm (1872) of the coal mine Prosper II.
- Coal Mining Tip Haniel with an open-air theater (Amphitheater) and the Kreuzweg designed by Tisa von der Schulenburg and Adolf Radecki and opened in 1995.
- Saalbau, convention center
- Alpincenter - the world's longest indoor ski slope
- Tetraeder - a 50 m tall walkable steel tetrahedron, placed on a 90 m slag heap. It has been the town's landmark since its construction in 1995.
- Movie Park Germany - theme park (in Bottrop-Kirchhellen)
- Schloss Beck - castle turned into an amusement park (in Bottrop-Kirchhellen)
- Indoor Skydiving Bottrop, a powerful vertical wind tunnel attracting skydivers from all over Europe
- Since September 12, 2005 so called „Stolpersteine“ have been placed by artist Gunter Demnig all over the city in remembrance of the people deported and killed by the Nazis.
- January: Festival Orgel PLUS (Music festival started in 1989)
- February: Rose Monday Parade and Carnival
- May: Horse Market
- May: Asparagus - Farmers' Market in Kirchhellen
- Brezelfest (Pretzel Festival) in Kirchhellen
- May/June/July: Schützenfeste (marksmen festivals) of Bottrops marksmen companies (BSV Bottrop Batenbrock, BSV Bottrop Eigen, BSV Bottrop Fuhlenbrock, BSV Bottrop Vonderort, BSV Andreas Hofer, Alte Allgemeine Bürgerschützengesellschaft, BSV Bottrop Boy)
- September: Michaelismarket.
- Catholic: 50% (19 churches)
- Protestant (Lutheran): 20% (8 churches)
- Atheist/Agnostic: 20%
- Muslim: 2%
- Josef Albers, (1888-1976), painter, graphic artist, designer, art teacher
- August Everding, (1928-1999), Director of the Hamburgische Staatsoper 1973-77, general director of the Bavarian State Theater rector)
- Bernhard Korte, (born 1938), mathematician and computer scientist
- Claus Spahn, (born 1940), journalist and author
- Werner Münch, (born 1940), politician (CDU), Prime Minister of Saxony-Anhalt (1991-1993)
- Andy Vine, (1948-1985), author and poet
- Theo Jörgensmann (born 1948), jazz musician and composer
- Paul Holz, (born 1952), former football player
- Martin Honert, (born 1953), artist, professor at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts
- Gisela Kinzel, (born 1961), athlete and Olympian
- Sabine Gaudzinski-Windheuser, (born 1965), archaeologist
- Kelly Trump, (born 1970), native Nicole Heyka, presenter and former porn actress
- Ulla Kock am Brink (born 1961), television presenter
- Da Hool (born 1968), (DJ and music producer)
Bottrop is twinned with:
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- Evangelische Kirchen in Bottrop: http://www.kirchenkreis.org/content/e559/e3019/e2909/index_ger.html
- Past Events of Alte Allgemeine Bürgerschützengesellschaft: http://www.alte-allgemeine.de/termine/eventlist/archive
- Events BSV Bottrop Boy: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2009-08-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)