BorgWarner Inc. is an American worldwide automotive industry components and parts supplier. It is primarily known for its powertrain products,[8] which include manual and automatic transmissions and transmission components, such as electro-hydraulic control components, transmission control units, friction materials, and one-way clutches, turbochargers, engine valve timing system components, along with four-wheel drive system components.[8]

BorgWarner Inc.
Traded as
IndustryAutomotive industry
Founded1880 (as Morse Equalizing Spring Co.)[1]
1928 (formation of Borg-Warner Corp.)[1]
Number of locations
62, in 17 countries[2]
Area served
Key people
Frédéric Lissalde (President and CEO)[3]
Manual transmissions
Automatic transmissions,
Dual-clutch transmissions,
RevenueUS$8.305 billion (FY 2014)[4]
US$855.2 million (FY 2013)[5]
US$651 million (FY 2013)[5]
Total assetsUS$6.917 billion (FY 2013)[5]
Total equityUS$3.632 billion (FY 2013)[5]
Number of employees
29,000 [6] (2017)
DivisionsBorgWarner Engine Group[7]
BorgWarner Drivetrain Group[7]

The company has 60 manufacturing facilities across 18 countries[8] within North and South America, Europe, and Asia. It provides drivetrain components to all three U.S. automakers,[8] as well as a variety of European[8] and Asian[8] original equipment manufacturer (OEM) customers. BorgWarner has diversified into several automotive-related markets (1999),[1] including ignition interlock technology (ACS Corporation est.1976) for preventing impaired operation of vehicles.

Historically, BorgWarner was also known for its ownership of the Norge appliance company (washers and dryers),[9][10] as well as York International (heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning equipment).

Company history

The original Borg-Warner Corporation was formed in 1928[1] by the merger of Warner Gear,[1] which itself was founded by Thomas Warner in 1901,[1] and Borg & Beck[1] founded by Charles Borg and Marshall Beck in 1903,[1] Marvel Schelber Carburetor Co founded in 1905 by George Schebler and the Mechanics Universal Joint Co. The company was best known as the supplier of Warner Gear overdrive units for cars of the 1930s to the 1970s,[11] and as the developer of Studebaker's three-speed automatic transmission introduced in 1950,[1] along with 'Holley' brand Borg & Beck carburetors.[1] Ford took up development of the transmission in Studebaker's place in 1955. The early Ford automatics are derivatives of the Borg Warner.

The Warner Gear name was still being used for the marine and industrial transmissions supplied by Borg Warner under the trade name 'Velvet Drive' into the 1980s. The 'Velvet Drive' production was transferred to Regal-Beloit Corporation in 1995, who trade as "Velvet Drive Transmissions".

In the 21st century, the company changed the styling of its name from Borg-Warner to BorgWarner.

The company is also notable for co-developing a variable-geometry turbocharger with Porsche, the Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) system, used in the 2007 911 Turbo.[12] BorgWarner claims this technology will reach mainstream cars within 10 years.[12] From 2002, Peugeot, Ford and Renault became major customers for the company's turbochargers[1] with the Volkswagen Group on-board since 1999, choosing to exclusively use the BorgWarner K-Series turbochargers for their then-new 1.8T power plant.

BorgWarner supplies wet clutches and hydraulic modules for dual-clutch transmission systems. With their DualTronic[1] technology, BorgWarner has gained contracts with European automakers[1] that want to use dual clutch transmissions. The German automotive concern Volkswagen Group is BorgWarner's largest customer (by sales),[8] and Europe is their largest market.[8] Light vehicles (automobiles, car-derived vans, and light commercial vehicles) account for 72% of BorgWarner's total sales.[8]

The company's world headquarters is in Auburn Hills, Michigan. Robert S. Ingersoll formerly served as the company's CEO and Chairman. BorgWarner's Powertrain Technical Center (PTC) is also based in Auburn Hills.

The BorgWarner Indianapolis 500 Trophy is presented to the winner of the annual Indianapolis 500 auto racing event; this has been provided by the company since 1936,[13][14] as a legacy of Louie Schwitzer who won the first automobile racing event held at the facility, in 1909.[1] It was announced by the Izod Indycar Series that BorgWarner has been selected as the official supplier for the turbochargers to be used in the 2.2L turbocharged engine formula for the series which took effect in 2012. On October 2, 2006, BorgWarner announced the purchase of the European Transmission and Engine Controls product lines from Eaton Corporation.

Company structure

In 2002, BorgWarner Inc. was split into two key business divisions:[1]

Core products


  • BorgWarner Model DG (Detroit Gear) three-speed automatic transmission
  • BorgWarner Model 35 aluminum-cased three-speed automatic transmission (1961),[1]
  • BorgWarner Model 45 four-speed automatic transmission (1975)
  • BorgWarner Model 55 three-speed automatic transmission
  • BorgWarner T-56 six-speed manual transmission (1992)
  • BorgWarner T-84 three-speed manual transmission (1941)
  • BorgWarner T-85 three-speed manual transmission (1948)
  • BorgWarner T-86 three-speed manual transmission (1945)
  • BorgWarner T-87 three-speed manual transmission (1948)
  • Borg-Warner T-90 three-speed manual transmission (1945)
  • BorgWarner T-92 three-speed manual transmission
  • BorgWarner T-96 three-speed manual transmission (1945)
  • BorgWarner T-98 four-speed manual transmission (1948)
  • BorgWarner T-10 four-speed manual transmission (1956)[1]
  • BorgWarner T-14 three-speed manual transmission (1967)
  • BorgWarner T-15 three-speed manual transmission (1972)
  • BorgWarner T-18 four-speed manual transmission (1965)
  • BorgWarner T-19 four-speed manual transmission (1968)
  • BorgWarner T-150 three-speed manual transmission (1975)
  • BorgWarner T-176/177/178 four-speed manual transmission (1980)
  • BorgWarner HR-1 four-speed manual transmission (1977)
  • BorgWarner SR-4 four-speed manual transmission (1978)
  • BorgWarner T-4 four-speed manual transmission (1980)[1]
  • BorgWarner T-5 five-speed manual transmission (1980)[1]
  • Borg-Warner T-50 five-speed manual transmission
  • BorgWarner DualTronic (2001),[1] for series production in 2003[1] – more commonly known as Direct-Shift Gearbox
  • BorgWarner M35 (see Model 35 above)
  • BorgWarner M44 three-speed automatic transmission (aluminum case)
  • BorgWarner M8 three-speed automatic transmission (iron case)
  • BorgWarner M11 three-speed automatic transmission (iron case)
  • BorgWarner M12 three-speed automatic transmission (iron case)

Transfer Cases

  • BorgWarner 1339 (1973)
  • BW 4407 over 8500 GVW Ford F250 F350 1996 to 1998 HD version of the 4406
  • BW 4411 Ford trucks 2000 to 2010
  • BW 4406, 1354, 4405 Ford trucks 1995 to 2003
  • BW 1345, 1356 earlier ford truck

Subsidiary companies

The following are subsidiary companies of the parent, BorgWarner Inc.,[15] and/or its primary divisions, and outline their respective products:

BorgWarner Drivetrain Group[16]

Transmission Systems

TorqTransfer Systems

  • Gear synchronizers[18]
  • Transfer cases[18]
  • Pre-emptive torque management[18]
    • Multi-plate clutch coupling. The ITM 3e multi-plate clutch coupling is used in the Hyundai Santa Fe, Hyundai Tucson and Porsche 911. In normal conditions, it sends up to 95% of the torque to the front wheels. In the case of the Hyundais, the system can be locked in a 50:50 split so that you have a more dedicated off-road system. The system can be locked with the '4WD LOCK' button. The ITM 3e uses a multi-plate clutch coupling with magnetic activation
  • InterActive torque management[18]
    • Honda's Variable Torque Management-Four Wheel Drive (VTM-4) system was built in partnership with BorgWarner and provides a lightweight front-wheel drive system for dry-pavement cruising conditions that engages all-wheel drive (AWD) when needed to improve stability or maneuverability and can support medium duty off-road use via an electromagnetically driven clutch-operated differential. VTM-4 was used on the Acura MDX, Honda Pilot, and Honda Ridgeline.[19][20]
    • Honda's Super Handling-All Wheel Drive (SH-AWD) system was also built under the joint-venture of Honda and Borg-Warner for AWD systems. It acts like the ITM 3e coupling system, but also features a rear torque-vectoring axle
  • Aftermarket products[18]

BorgWarner Engine Group[21]

Morse Systems

Turbo Systems

Emissions Systems

Thermal Systems

Beru AG

Company facilities locations

BorgWarner Inc. has the following production locations:[26][27]

North America, inc United States
Auburn Hills, MI – World Headquarters
Asheville, North Carolina
Auburn Hills, MI – Powertrain Technical Center
Bellwood, IL
Cadillac, MI
Cortland, NY
Dixon, IL
Ramos Arizpe, Mexico
El Salto, Mexico
Fletcher, North Carolina
Frankfort, IL
Guadalajara, Mexico
Ithaca, NY
Livonia, MI
Longview, TX (closed 2014)[28]
Marshall, MI
Melrose Park, IL
Muncie, IN (closed 2009)[29]
San Luis Potosí, Mexico
Seneca, South Carolina
Simcoe, Ontario, Canada
Water Valley, MS
Arcore, Italy
Arnstadt, Germany
Bradford, England
Bretten, Germany (BERU)
Chazelles sur Lyon, France (BERU)
Diss, England (BERU)
Heidelberg, Germany
Ketsch, Germany
Kirchheimbolanden, Germany
Landskrona, Sweden
Ludwigsburg, Germany
Lugo, Italy
Margam, Wales
Markdorf, Germany
Muggendorf, Germany (BERU)
Neuhaus, Germany (BERU)
Newcastle, England
Oroszlany, Hungary
Rzeszów, Poland
Tralee, Ireland (BERU)
Tulle, France
Valença, Portugal
Vigo, Spain
Vitoria, Spain (BERU)
Aoyama, Japan
Beijing, China
Dalian, China
Tianjin, China
Changwon, South Korea
Chennai, India
Chungju, South Korea
Eumsung, South Korea
NSK-Warner – Shanghai, China
NSK-Warner – Fukuroi, Japan
Kakkalur, India
Manesar, India
Nabari City, Japan
Ningbo, China
Oochang, Korea
Pune, India (BERU)
Pune, India
Pyongtaek, South Korea
Seoul, South Korea
Shanghai, China
Taicang, China
Sirsi, India
South America
Itatiba, Brazil (Turbos Systems, Morse Systems, Thermal Systems and Power Drive Systems)
Piracicaba, Brazil (Emissions Systems)
Brusque, Brazil (Power Drive Systems)


On April 12, 2005, BorgWarner won a 2005 Automotive News PACE Award at a ceremony in Detroit. The award recognized automotive suppliers for superior innovation, technological advancement and business performance.[30]


Since 2012 season, BorgWarner currently supplies the turbochargers for the IndyCar Series with designation EFR7163. Since 1936 BorgWarner has also sponsored the Indianapolis 500-winning trophy.[31] Each year, the winning driver is presented with a miniature replica during a reception in January, about seven months after the race. Prior to the trophy's inception, the Wheeler-Schebler Trophy was awarded to the leader at the 400-mile mark, but was retired when car owner Harry Hartz claimed it three times. Since 2014 season, BorgWarner currently supplies turbochargers for Renault Sport Energy F1 V6 Turbo Power Units as an expertisement of hybrid turbochargers. BorgWarner also supplied turbochargers for all Renault Sport R.S. 01 cars for both seasons of the Renault Sport Trophy.

The company sponsors the Louis Schwitzer Award and prize money.


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  2. "BorgWarner Company Profile". Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  3. "BorgWarner – Leadership". Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  4. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved June 11, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Press Release - Annual Report 2013" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
  6. "BorgWarner". Fortune. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
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  8. "Facts and Figures". Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
  9. "OUTLINES PLAN TO BOOST SALES OF NORGE LINES". Chicago Daily Tribune. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
  10. "Borg-Warner Sells Its Norge Division". The Milwaukee Journal. July 2, 1968. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
  11. "Borg-Warner R10 Overdrives?" (internet forum). HotRodders Bulletin Board. March 9, 2005. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  12. "911 Turbo technology coming to a car near you". October 12, 2006. Archived from the original on May 3, 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  13. "BorgWarner and the Indianapolis 500". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on July 29, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  14. "IRL: Borg-Warner Trophy Has Long, Colorful History of Excellence". Gordon Communications. April 8, 1998. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  15. "BorgWarner – Logos". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  16. "BorgWarner – Drivetrain Group". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  17. "BorgWarner – Drivetrain Group: Transmission Systems". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  18. "BorgWarner – Drivetrain Group: TorqTransfer Systems". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  19. Honda and Borg-Warner develop VTM-4--the "smart" 4WD system, Automotive Industries, by Gerry Kobe, dated June 1, 2000, last accessed December 30, 2015]]
  20. Variable Torque Management VTM-4 Explanation Archived December 8, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Ridgeline Owners Club, by Gary Flint, last accessed December 30, 2015
  21. "BorgWarner – Engine Group". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  22. "BorgWarner – Engine Group: Morse TEC". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  23. "BorgWarner – Engine Group: Turbo & Emissions Systems". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  24. "BorgWarner – Engine Group: Thermal Systems". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  25. "BorgWarner – Engine Group: BERU AG". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
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  27. "BorgWarner – Global Locations". BorgWarner Inc. Archived from the original on July 29, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  28. "More than 100 East Texans soon to be without work". KCBD. October 30, 2013.
  29. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. "BorgWarner Wins 2005 Automotive News PACE Award".

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