Boothstown

Boothstown is a village in the City of Salford, Greater Manchester, England. Boothstown and Ellenbrook ward had a population at the 2011 Census of 9,599.[1] The village is in the west of the City of Salford, bordered to the north by the East Lancashire Road A580 and to the south by the Bridgewater Canal. Historically, it was a hamlet partly in Worsley township in the parish of Eccles, and partly in Tyldesley in the parish of Leigh.[2]

Boothstown

Methodist Chapel, Boothstown
Boothstown
Location within Greater Manchester
Population9,599 (2011.Ward. Boothstown and Ellenbrook)
OS grid referenceSD7200
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMANCHESTER
Postcode districtM28
Dialling code0161
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament

Bothstown lies 6.8 miles (10.9 km) northwest of Salford, 9.8 miles (15.8 km) northwest of Manchester and 10 miles (16.1 km) southeast of Wigan. Astley is to the west, to the north is Walkden and to the east is Worsley where there is a transport interchange between the M60, M62 and M602 motorways.

Once known for its mining community, Boothstown is now a mainly residential area.

History

Evidence of the Romans in this area is that in 1947, workmen digging in Boothstown at grid reference SD72160108 discovered a hoard of over 550 bronze Roman coins dating between 259 AD and 278 AD.[3] A second hoard of coins dated 289 - 296 A.D. was found at Boothsbank in 1989.[4]

Manor

In 1323 the estate or manor of Booths was held by the de Worsley family and remained with that family, held of the king by a rent of 2s, until the reign of Elizabeth I. In the 17th century the manor was held by Charnock and then by Sherington. Booths Old Hall was built about 1343 and New Booths Hall was built in the early-17th century.[4] The hearth-tax returns of 1666 show nearby Wardley Hall was the largest residence with 19 hearths, Worsley Hall and Booths had 17 each. There were 276 hearths in the township, Worsley proper had 191. The house, in the latter part of the 18th century, was owned by the Clowes family who owned Garrett Hall in neighbouring Tyldesley.[5][6] Lord Francis Egerton bought the estate from Robert Haldane Bradshaw in 1836 and Booths and became part of the Manor of Worsley.[4]

Industrial Revolution

In 1795 the Bridgewater Canal was extended from Worsley, through Boothstown to Leigh. The growth of Boothstown was based on coal and cotton. Cookes Meadow Pit at Ellenbrook dated from 1760-70 but deep mining came with the sinking of Mosley Common Colliery in the 1860s. An early colliery tramway moved coal from the pits at Ellenbrook down to the canal at Boothstown Basin by gravity, using the slope of the land.[4]

Boothstown's underground canal, the Chaddock Level, was used to transport coal during the 19th century. It connected the Bridgewater Canal at a small basin approximately 100m east of Moss House Lane to Chaddock Colliery, the Queen Anne Pit (1810 to 1820) and Henfold Pit in Tyldesley. The keystone on the entrance to the Chaddock Level is dated 1816. The pits on the Tyldesley side of Boothstown had closed by 1870.[7] In 1931 Boothstown Mines Rescue Station was built along with housing for the rescue team members and other staff, it is a Grade II Listed building.[8][9]

A Mr Smith built a small cotton mill in Boothstown Delph by the Stirrup Brook in 1812.[4] In 1891 Edward Makin of Garden Mill had 260 looms weaving "regattas, stripes, ginghams etc." and William Yates' Boothstown Mill had 9,000 spindles and 242 looms producing fine quality cotton from 1875 until the mill closed in 1968.[10][11]

Governance

From the 11th century, Boothstown was part of the township of Worsley in the ancient ecclesiastical parish Eccles in the hundred of Salford, and county of Lancashire.[5]

In 2017 the Boothstown and Ellenbrook ward is represented by three Conservative councillors: Jillian Collinson,[12] Robin Garrido[13] and Bob Clarke.[14]

Geography

The A572 crosses Boothstown west to east connecting it to Worsley and Wigan. the A580 East Lancashire Road is now the boundary between Tyldesley and Boothstown and crosses west to east at the northern edge of the village. The Bridgewater Canal crosses east to west in the south of the village.

There is agricultural and open land in the south of the Boothstown area that forms part of the Green Belt.[15] To the south of the Bridgewater Canal the Geological Formation consists mainly of the pebble beds of the new red sandstone, north of Boothstown are coal measures.[5]

Transport

Boothstown is served by bus routes to/from Salford, Manchester city centre, Walkden, Wigan and Leigh.

Notable people

Elizabeth Wolstenholme, the suffragist ran a private boarding school in Boothstown in the early 1860s.[16]

References

Notes

  1. "Area: Boothstown and Ellenbrook (Salford Ward)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  2. Boothstown, Genuki, retrieved 17 January 2010
  3. Historic England, "Monument No. 44272", PastScape, retrieved 19 March 2008
  4. Boothstown, visitsalford, archived from the original on 23 June 2010, retrieved 14 December 2008
  5. Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Townships: Worsley", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4, British History Online, pp. 376–392, retrieved 11 December 2009
  6. Boothstown, genuki.org.uk, retrieved 11 December 2009
  7. Boothstown:Chaddock Canal, Tony Smith, archived from the original on 28 December 2008, retrieved 11 December 2009
  8. Boothstown Mines Rescue, colsal.org.uk, retrieved 14 December 2008
  9. Historic England, "Boothstown Lancashire Mines Rescue Station (1228029)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 March 2017
  10. Cotton Mills in Boothstown, gracesguide.co.uk, retrieved 14 December 2008
  11. Boothstown, spinningtheweb.org.uk, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 14 December 2008
  12. "Councillor Jillian Collinson". sccdemocracy.salford.gov.uk. Salford City Council. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  13. "Councillor Robin Garrido". sccdemocracy.salford.gov.uk. Salford City Council. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  14. "Councillor Bob Clarke". sccdemocracy.salford.gov.uk. Salford City Council. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  15. Boothstown_ Ellenbrook (PDF), salford.gov.uk, retrieved 11 December 2009
  16. Crawford (2003), p. 188

Bibliography

  • Crawford, Elizabeth (2003), The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866-1928, Routledge, ISBN 1-135-43402-6
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