Boomerang (1947 film)
Boomerang! is a 1947 American crime film noir based on the true story of a vagrant who was accused of murder by an incompetent police force, only to be found not guilty through the efforts of the prosecutor. It stars Dana Andrews, Lee J. Cobb, Karl Malden, Arthur Kennedy and Jane Wyatt.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Elia Kazan|
|Produced by||Louis de Rochemont|
Darryl F. Zanuck
|Screenplay by||Richard Murphy|
|Story by||Fulton Oursler|
|Based on||The Perfect Case|
1945 article in
The Reader's Digest
by Anthony Abbot
Lee J. Cobb
|Narrated by||Reed Hadley|
|Music by||David Buttolph|
|Edited by||Harmon Jones|
|Distributed by||Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp.|
|Box office||$2.25 million (rentals)|
The film was directed by Elia Kazan, based on a story (written by Fulton Oursler, credited as "Anthony Abbot") in Reader's Digest and was shot largely in Stamford, Connecticut after Kazan was denied permission to film in Bridgeport, Connecticut, where the actual events occurred. This semidocumentary also contains voice-overs by Reed Hadley. The film was entered into the 1947 Cannes Film Festival.
Father Lambert (Wyrley Birch), a priest, is shot dead on a Bridgeport, Connecticut street at night. The police, led by Chief Robinson (Lee J. Cobb), fail to immediately find the murderer. It soon becomes a political hot potato, with the police accused of incompetence, and the city's reform-minded administration comes under attack. Robinson and the prosecutor Henry Harvey (Dana Andrews) come under severe pressure by political leaders to find the killer or bring in outside help.
After strenuous efforts yield nothing, a vagrant ex-serviceman, John Waldron (Arthur Kennedy), is apprehended and identified in a lineup. Pushed by politicians, the press, and the public, the police need someone to bring to trial. Waldron is interrogated for two days by police until, deprived of sleep, he confesses. The evidence seems solid, and a gun in his possession is believed to be the gun that was used in the shooting.
Harvey, however, is not convinced. He questions Waldron, investigates the evidence and the witnesses. Harvey then risks his reputation and incurs the wrath of the police and the public in proposing that the defendant is innocent, while he and his wife (Jane Wyatt) are also being threatened by a businessman named Harris (Ed Begley). In court, even though he is the prosecutor, Harvey lays out the flaws in the case before the judge, and indicates he intends to dismiss the charges. The judge suspects Harvey's motives; Harvey's relationship with Chief Robinson is strained; and a mob unsuccessfully attempts to impose their own justice on Waldron.
A sub-plot involving Paul Harris and a property under consideration for sale to the city—at a price Harris desperately needs to keep himself afloat—also has a prominent place in the film. Harris tries to blackmail Harvey by threatening to destroy his wife, a planning committee member, unless he supports the sale and sits idle, allowing Waldron to be convicted.
At a preliminary hearing, Harvey once again presents evidence that would lead to Waldron's exoneration. When a reporter gets wind of the double-dealing and threatens Harris with exposure, Harris commits suicide in the courtroom.
The film ends with a narration that the murder was never solved, and the real Henry Harvey was Homer Cummings who rose to the position of U.S. Attorney General.
- Dana Andrews as State's Atty. Henry L. Harvey (the name used for the Homer Cummings character)
- Jane Wyatt as Madge Harvey
- Lee J. Cobb as Chief Harold F. "Robby" Robinson
- Cara Williams as Irene Nelson (Waitress at Coney Island Cafe)
- Arthur Kennedy as John Waldron (murder suspect)
- Sam Levene as Dave Woods (reporter, 'Morning Record')
- Taylor Holmes as T.M. Wade ('Morning Record' publisher)
- Robert Keith as "Mac" McCreery
- Ed Begley as Paul Harris
- Karl Malden as Det. Lt. White
- William Challee as Stone, Harvey's assistant
- Lewis Leverett as Whitney, Harvey's assistant
- Arthur Miller as a suspect in the police line-up (uncredited)
- Wyrley Birch as Father Lambert (uncredited)
The film is based on an actual murder case in Bridgeport, Connecticut in 1924. While walking near the Lyric Theatre in downtown Bridgeport, the Rev. Hubert Dahme ("Father George Lambert" in the film) was fatally shot behind the left ear by a gun fired at close range. Those in the theatre were so shocked that no one thought to call for an ambulance until 10 minutes had passed. Two hours later, the priest was pronounced dead at St. Vincent's Hospital in Bridgeport. A vagrant and discharged soldier, Harold Israel, was indicted for the murder. Israel confessed to the crime, and a .32 revolver was found in his possession that police believe was used in the murder. Fairfield County, Connecticut state's attorney Homer Cummings conducted a thorough investigation and found Israel innocent of the crime. Cummings (named "Henry Harvey" in the film) later became Attorney General of the United States under Franklin D. Roosevelt. The Morning Record was the name used in the film for the Bridgeport Post (now the Connecticut Post).
- The South End of Stamford, particularly at Saint Luke's Chapel.
- Old Town Hall, particularly the Police Department offices and the stairway leading up from them to the courtroom.
- The Altschul home on Den Road in Stamford (for a meeting of leading citizens).
- For a scene in which the pastor was killed, the movie used the front and sidewalk of the Plaza Theatre, which stood on Greyrock Place (a driveway leading into the Stamford Town Center Mall is at that location now).
- The former offices of The Advocate of Stamford, the local daily newspaper, on Atlantic Street. Some members of the Advocate editorial staff members were used in a scene about the news breaking that the priest killer had been caught.
The movie premiered at the Palace Theatre in Stamford on March 5, 1947, with Kazan and Andrews in attendance. (Kazan later filmed Gentleman's Agreement which takes place in Darien, Connecticut, adjacent to Stamford, and which also included the actress Jane Wyatt.)
When first released film critic Bosley Crowther discussed the filmmaking, writing the "...style of presentation has resulted in a drama of rare clarity and punch."
The staff at Variety gave the film a positive review and wrote, "Boomerang! is gripping, real-life melodrama, told in semi-documentary style. Lensing was done on location at Stamford, Conn, the locale adding to realism. Based on a still unsolved murder case in Bridgeport, Conn, plot is backed up with strong cast...All the leads have the stamp of authenticities. The dialog and situations further the factual technique. Lee J. Cobb shows up strongly as chief detective, harassed by press and politicians alike while trying to carry out his duties. Arthur Kennedy is great as the law's suspect."
Awards and honors
- National Board of Review: NBR Award, Best Director, Elia Kazan; 1947.
- New York Film Critics Circle Awards: NYFCC Award Best Director, Elia Kazan; 1947.
- Academy Awards: Oscar, Best Writing, Screenplay, Richard Murphy; 1947.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2001: AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills – Nominated
Adaptations to other media
Boomerang! was dramatized as a half-hour radio play on the November 10, 1947 broadcast of The Screen Guild Theater with Dana Andrews and Jane Wyatt, on the January 14, 1949 broadcast of the Ford Theatre with Dana Andrews and lastly, on Hollywood Sound Stage with Tyrone Power and Jane Wyatt on February 28, 1952.
- Solomon, Aubrey (1989). Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, p. 244, ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1.
- Solomon, Aubrey (1989). Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, p. 222, ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1.
- "Top Grossers of 1947", Variety, 7 January 1948 p 63
- "'Boomerang!,' shot in Stamford, to be screened in Bridgeport", The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, October 13, 2009
- "Festival de Cannes: Boomerang!". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved February 19, 2011.
- Russell, Don, "'Roles' in movies are nothing new for city: Kazan used Stamford in the '40s", editorial page column in The Advocate, Stamford edition, page A10, April 25, 2007
- Crowther, Bosley. The New York Times, film review, March 6, 1947. Last accessed: Last accessed: February 19, 2011.
- Variety. Film Review, March 5, 1947. Last accessed: November 26, 2009.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- The Screen Guild Programs Archived May 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine web site. Last accessed: February 19, 2011.