Bong Joon-ho

Bong Joon-ho (Korean: 봉준호, Korean pronunciation: [poːŋ tɕuːnho → poːŋdʑunho]; born September 14, 1969) is a South Korean film director and screenwriter. He garnered international acclaim for his second feature film Memories of Murder (2003), before achieving commercial success with his subsequent films The Host (2006) and Snowpiercer (2013), both of which are among the highest-grossing films of all time in South Korea.[1]

Bong Joon-ho
Bong Joon-ho in 2019
Born (1969-09-14) September 14, 1969
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter
AwardsPalme d'Or (2019)
Korean name
Revised RomanizationBong Junho
McCune–ReischauerPong Chunho

Two of his films have screened in competition at the Cannes Film FestivalOkja, which premiered at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival, and Parasite, which won the Palme d'Or at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival.[2] He became the first Korean director to win the Palme d'Or.[3] Parasite was also nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the 77th Golden Globe Awards, with Bong nominated for Best Director and Best Screenplay for his work.[4]

In 2017, Metacritic ranked Bong sixteenth on its list of the 25 best film directors of the 21st century.[5] His films feature timely social themes, genre-mixing, black humor, and sudden mood shifts.[6]

Early life

Bong Joon-ho was born in Daegu in 1969 and decided to become a filmmaker while in middle school. Bong Joon-ho had a highly intellectual upbringing; his father, Bong Sang-gyun, is a graphic designer and his maternal grandfather, Park Taewon was a noted author, famous for A Day in the Life of Novelist Gubo. His older brother, Joon-soo, is an English literature professor now teaching in Seoul National University, and his older sister, Jee-hee, is a fashion designer. Despite his passion for film, he did not enroll for a theater major in university due to his parents' disagreement. He majored in sociology in Yonsei University in the late 1980s and was a member of the film club there. He was then a fan of Edward Yang, Hou Hsiao-hsien and Shohei Imamura.

In the early 1990s, he completed a two-year program at the Korean Academy of Film Arts. While there, he made many 16mm short films. His graduation films Memory Within the Frame and Incoherence were invited to screen at the Vancouver and Hong Kong international film festivals. He also collaborated on several works with his classmates — most notably as cinematographer on the highly acclaimed short 2001 Imagine, directed by his friend Jang Joon-hwan. Aside from cinematography on Hur Jae-young's short A Hat, Bong was also lighting director on an early short Sounds From Heaven and Earth by Choi Equan, and The Love of a Grape Seed.[6]


After graduating, he spent the next five years contributing in various capacities to works by other directors. He received a partial screenplay credit on the 1996 omnibus film Seven Reasons Why Beer is Better Than a Lover; both screenplay and assistant director credits on Park Ki-yong's 1997 debut Motel Cactus; and is one of four writers (along with Jang Joon-hwan) credited for the screenplay of Phantom the Submarine (1999).[6]

Early directing work

Shortly afterwards, Bong began shooting his first feature Barking Dogs Never Bite under producer Cha Seung-jae, who had overseen the production of both Motel Cactus and Phantom the Submarine.[7] The film, about a low-ranking university lecturer who abducts a neighbor's dog, was shot in the same apartment complex where Bong had lived after getting married.[8] Although now remembered fondly, at the time of its release in February 2000 it did not stir up much interest among audiences. Response from critics was positive but slightly muted. Nonetheless, the film was invited to the competition section of Spain's prestigious San Sebastian International Film Festival, and it would go on to win awards at Slamdance and Hong Kong. Slowly building international word of mouth also helped the film financially — over two years after its local release, the film reached its financial break-even point due to sales to overseas territories.[6]

Bong's second film, Memories of Murder, a much larger-scale project, was adapted from a popular stage play centered on a real-life serial killer who terrorized a rural town in the 1980s and was never caught, although South Korean authorities announced in 2019 that they have a suspect identified through DNA evidence. Production of the film was a long and arduous process (the film set a local record for the sheer number of locations it utilized), but with the weather providing unexpected help with some stunning skyscapes, the film wrapped without major problems. It was released in April 2003 and proved an immediate critical and popular success. Enthusiastic word of mouth drove the film to sell over five million tickets (rescuing Cha Seung-jae's production company Sidus from near-bankruptcy), and a string of local honors followed, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor (for Song Kang-ho) and Best Lighting prizes at the 2003 Grand Bell Awards. Although passed over by the Cannes and Venice Film Festivals, the film eventually received its international premiere, again at San Sebastian, where it picked up three awards including Best Director. The film also received an unusually strong critical reception on its release in foreign territories such as France and the U.S.[6]

Following this, Bong took some time to contribute short films to two omnibus projects. Influenza is a disturbing 30-minute work acted out entirely in front of real CCTV cameras stationed throughout Seoul. The film, which charts (from a distance, quite literally) a desperate man's turn to violent crime over the space of five years, was commissioned by the Jeonju International Film Festival, together with works by Japanese director Sogo Ishii and Hong Kong-based Yu Lik-wai. Twentidentity, meanwhile, is a 20-part omnibus film made by alumni of the Korean Academy of Film Arts, on the occasion of the school's 20th anniversary. Bong's contribution is Sink & Rise, a whimsical work set alongside the Han River that can be seen as a warmup for the director's third feature.[6]

International success

The Host marked a step up in scale in Bong's career, and indeed for the Korean film industry as a whole. The big-budget ($12 million) work centered on a fictional monster that rises up out of the Han River to wreak havoc on the people of Seoul — and on one family in particular. Featuring many of the actors who had appeared in his previous films, the film was the focus of strong audience interest even before it started shooting, but many doubts were raised about whether a Korean production could rise to the challenge of creating a full-fledged, believable digital monster. After initially contacting New Zealand's Weta Digital — the company responsible for the CGI in The Lord of the Rings — scheduling conflicts led Bong to San Francisco-based The Orphanage, who took on the majority of the effects work. After rushing to meet deadlines, the film received a rapturous premiere in the Directors' Fortnight section of the 2006 Cannes Film Festival. Although local audiences were slightly more critical of The Host than attendees at Cannes, the film was nonetheless a major summer hit. With theater owners calling for more and more prints, the film enjoyed South Korea's widest release ever (on over a third of the nation's 1800 screens) and set a new box-office record with 13 million tickets sold. The Host was quickly sold around the world, and US studio Universal bought the remake rights.[6][9]

In 2008, Bong along with Michel Gondry and French director Leos Carax, directed a segment of Tokyo!, a triptych feature telling three separate tales of the city. Bong's segment is about a man who has lived for a decade as a "hikikomori" — the term used in Japan for people unable to adjust to society who don't leave their homes — and what happens when he falls in love with a pizza delivery girl.[10]

Bong's fourth feature film Mother is the story of a doting mother who struggles to save her disabled son from a murder accusation. It premiered in the Un Certain Regard section at 2009 Cannes Film Festival to much acclaim, particularly for actress Kim Hye-ja. Mother repeated its critical success locally and in the international film festival circuit. The film appeared on many film critics' "best-of" lists of 2010.[11]

In 2011, Bong contributed to 3.11 A Sense of Home, an anthology of films, each 3 minutes 11 seconds in duration, addressing the theme of home. The films were made by 21 filmmakers in response to the devastating earthquake and tsunami which hit the Tohoku region of Japan on March 11, 2011. The film screened on the first anniversary of the disaster.[12] In Bong's short film Iki, a teenage girl finds a toddler, seemingly dead, on a beach.

That same year, Bong served as a jury member for the 27th Sundance Film Festival.[13][14] He was also the head of the jury for the Caméra d'Or section of the 2011 Cannes Film Festival,[15][16] and the 2013 Edinburgh International Film Festival.[17]

In 2013, Bong released his first English-language film Snowpiercer, based on the graphic novel Le Transperceneige by Jean-Marc Rochette and Jacques Lob,[18][19][20][21][22] and set largely on a futuristic train where those on board are separated according to their social status. Snowpiercer premiered at the Times Square on 29 July 2013 in Seoul, South Korea,[23] before screening at the Deauville American Film Festival as the closing film on 7 September 2013,[24] the Berlin International Film Festival as the part of Berlin's Forum sidebar on 7 February 2014,[25] opening the Los Angeles Film Festival on 11 June 2014,[26] and the Edinburgh International Film Festival on 22 June 2014.[27] Upon release in cinemas, the film was met with near-universal praise and strong ticket sales, both in South Korea and abroad.[28][29] As of April 2014, it is the tenth highest-grossing domestic film in South Korea, with 9,350,141 admissions. The film holds the domestic record for the fastest movie (domestic and foreign) to reach four million admissions, which it achieved in its fifth day after premiere, and another record for the highest weekend figure (from Friday to Sunday) for a Korean film, with 2.26 million viewers.[30] In addition to receiving several awards and nominations, Snowpiercer appeared on several critics' lists of the ten best films of 2014.[31]

In 2015, Bong's next film Okja was announced.[32] On April 30, 2015, screenwriter Jon Ronson announced on his Twitter account that he was writing the second draft of Bong's screenplay for the film.[33] Darius Khondji joined the film as cinematographer in February 2016.[34] Filming for the project began in April, 2016.[35]

In 2017, Bong premiered Okja at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival, where it competed for the Palme d'Or and sparked controversy due to it being produced by Netflix. The film was met with boos, mixed with applause, during a press screening at the film festival, once when the Netflix logo appeared on screen and again during a technical glitch (which got the movie projected in an incorrect aspect ratio for its first seven minutes).[36][37][38] The festival later issued an apology to the filmmakers.[39] However, despite the studio's negative response, the film itself received a four-minute standing ovation following its actual premiere.[40] The film was later released on Netflix on June 28, 2017, and received positive reviews.[41] On the film review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 84% based on 125 reviews, with a weighted average of 7.5/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Okja sees Bong Joon-ho continuing to create defiantly eclectic entertainment – and still hitting more than enough of his narrative targets in the midst of a tricky tonal juggling act."[42] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 76 out of 100, based on 31 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[43] New York Times critic A.O. Scott wrote, "Okja is a miracle of imagination and technique, and Okja insists, with abundant mischief and absolute sincerity, that she possesses a soul."[44]

In 2019, Bong directed the full Korean-language film Parasite, a comedy thriller about a poor family that insinuates itself into a wealthy household. The film premiered at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, where it won the Palme d’Or, becoming the first Korean film to receive the award and the first film to do so with a unanimous vote since 2013's Blue Is the Warmest Colour.[45] It was subsequently selected as the South Korean entry for Best International Feature Film at the 92nd Academy Awards.[46] The film also won the $60,000 Sydney Film Prize at the Sydney Film Festival.[47] At Sydney, Parasite was in competition alongside 11 other features from countries such as North Macedonia, Brazil and Spain, and Australian entrants Mirrah Foulkes's Judy & Punch and Ben Lawrence­’s Hearts and Bones.[48]

Parasite was released in South Korea by CJ Entertainment on 30 May 2019, and in the rest of the world by Neon in late-2019. It received widespread critical acclaim and earned $115 million at the worldwide box office, becoming Bong's highest-grossing release.[49] For Parasite, Bong was nominated for Best Director and Best Screenplay at the 77th Golden Globe Awards, with the film itself also being nominated for Best Foreign Language Film.[50]


Feature film

Year Film Credited as
Director Writer Producer
1997 Motel Cactus No Yes No
1999 Phantom: The Submarine No Yes No
2000 Barking Dogs Never Bite Yes Yes No
2003 Memories of Murder Yes Yes No
2006 The Host Yes Yes No
2009 Mother Yes Yes No
2013 Snowpiercer Yes Yes No
2017 Okja Yes Yes Yes
2019 Parasite Yes Yes Yes

Short films

Year Film Segment Credited as
Director Writer
1994 Baeksaekin (White Man) Yes Yes
Incoherence Yes Yes
The Memories in My Frame Yes Yes
2003 Twentidentity Sink & Rise Yes Yes
2004 Digital Short Films by Three Directors Influenza Yes Yes
2008 Tokyo! Shaking Tokyo Yes Yes
2011 3.11 A Sense of Home Iki Yes Yes


Year Film Role
1994 Incoherence delivery boy
2002 No Blood No Tears detective (cameo)
2008 Crush and Blush teacher (cameo)
2012 Doomsday Book Lee Jun-ho (cameo)

Documentary appearances

Year Film
2006 Two or Three Things I Know about Kim Ki-young
2011 Kurosawa's Way
2012 Ari Ari the Korean Cinema

Filmography sources: KMDb[51] and IMDb[52]


Asian Film Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2007 Best Film The Host Won
2010 Best Film Mother Won
Best Screenplay Won

Baeksang Arts Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2007 Best Film The Host Won [53]
2014 Best Director Snowpiercer Won [54]

Blue Dragon Film Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2003 Audience Choice Award Memories of Murder Won [55]
2006 Best Film The Host Won [56]
Audience Choice Award Won
2009 Best Film Mother Won [57]
2013 Best Director Snowpiercer Won [58]
2019 Best Film Parasite Won
Best Director Parasite Won

Buil Film Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2009 Best Film Mother Won
2013 Snowpiercer Won
2019 Parasite Won

Busan Film Critics Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2003 Best Director Memories of Murder Won
Best Screenplay Won
2006 Special Jury Prize The Host Won
2009 Best Film Mother Won
2013 Best Screenplay Snowpiercer Won

Cannes Film Festival

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2019 Palme d'Or Parasite Won

Director's Cut Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2000 Best New Director Barking Dogs Never Bite Won
2003 Best Director Memories of Murder Won
2014 Snowpiercer Won
2017 Okja Won

Grand Bell Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2003 Best Film Memories of Murder Won [59]
Best Director Won
2007 Best Director The Host Won [60]

Korean Association of Film Critics Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2003 Best Film Memories of Murder Won
Best Director Won
2009 Best Film Mother Won
Best Screenplay Won
2013 Best Film Snowpiercer Won
Best Director Won
2017 FIPRESCI Award Okja Won
2019 Best Film Parasite Won
Best Director Parasite Won

Korean Film Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result Ref
2003 Best Film Memories of Murder Won [61]
Best Director Won
Best Screenplay Won
2006 Best Film The Host Won [62]
Best Director Won

Other awards

Year Event Category Nominated work Result Ref
2001 Hong Kong International Film Festival FIPRESCI Award for Young Asian Filmmakers Barking Dogs Never Bite Won
2003 Tokyo International Film Festival Asian Film Award Memories of Murder Won
Torino Film Festival Best Screenplay (Audience Award) Won
San Sebastián International Film Festival Silver Shell for Best Director Won
Altadis New Director Award Won
Chunsa Film Art Awards Best Film Won
Best Director Won
Best Screenplay Won
2004 Festival du Film Policier de Cognac: Grand Prix Won
2006 Sitges Film Festival Orient Express Award for Best Asian Film The Host Won
2007 Fantasporto Best Director Won
2009 Dubai International Film Festival Best Screenplay Mother Won
Mar del Plata International Film Festival SIGNIS Award Won
2013 Asia-Pacific Film Festival Best Director Snowpiercer Won

Frequent collaborators

Actor Barking Dogs Never Bite (2000) Memories of Murder (2003) The Host (2006) Mother (2009) Snowpiercer (2013) Okja (2017) Parasite (2019)
Bae Doona
Byun Hee-bong
Song Kang-ho
Park Hae-il
Go Ah-sung
Yoon Je-moon
Kim Roi-ha
Park No-shik
Jeon Mi-seon
Go Soo-hee
Paul Lazar
Tilda Swinton
Choi Woo-shik

See also


  1. "Box Office: All Time". Korean Film Council. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  2. Debruge, Peter; Debruge, Peter (May 25, 2019). "Bong Joon-ho's 'Parasite' Wins the Palme d'Or at Cannes".
  3. Pulver, Andrew (May 25, 2019). "Bong Joon-ho's Parasite wins Palme d'Or at Cannes film festival". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  4. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. Dietz, Jason (July 19, 2017). "25 Best Film Directors of the 21st Century (So Far): Bong Joon-ho". Metacritic. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  6. Paquet, Darcy (February 28, 2008). "The Bong Joon Ho Page". Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  7. "Bong Joon Ho: Writing New Chapter in Korean Film History". KBS Global. November 15, 2006. Archived from the original on February 19, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  8. Paquet, Darcy. "Barking Dogs Never Bite". Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  9. Sedia, Giuseppe (February 14, 2008). "An Interview with Bong Joon Ho". Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  10. Noh, Jean (August 23, 2007). "Bong Joon Ho begins shoot on his part of Tokyo omnibus". Screen International. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  11. "2010 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. December 9, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  12. Gray, Jason (May 18, 2011). "Naomi Kawase boards two short film initiatives". Screen International. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  13. Park, Soo-mee (January 11, 2011). "Korean Director Bong Joins Sundance Jury". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  14. Min, Ines (January 1, 2011). "Bong Joon Ho joins Sundance jury". The Korea Times. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  15. "Bong Joon Ho to head Cannes debut filmmaker panel". BBC News. April 8, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  16. Tartaglione, Nancy (April 7, 2011). "Bong Joon Ho to lead Cannes Camera d'Or jury". Screen International. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  17. Knegt, Peter (May 21, 2013). "Bong Joon Ho To Head Edinburgh Jury". IndieWire. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  18. Kim, Young-gyo (May 27, 2008). "Film adaptation of French dystopian comic to go global: Bong". Yonhap. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  19. Noh, Jean (July 17, 2012). "Bong Joon-ho wraps Snow Piercer in Prague". Screen International. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  20. Schou, Solvej (October 29, 2012). "Coming to America: South Korea's top directors on hitting Hollywood with English language films". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  21. Paquet, Darcy (April 30, 2013). "What SNOWPIERCER Means to the Korean Film Industry: PART 1 - The summit of KOREAN Film's ambition". Korean Cinema Today. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  22. Bechervaise, Jason (April 30, 2013). "BONG Joon-ho, Director of SNOWPIERCER: PART 2 - INTERVIEW "I wanted to make a very exciting train and sci-fi movie"". Korean Cinema Today. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  23. "Snowpiercer VIP premiere to be held on July 28". Yahoo. July 30, 2013. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
  24. "Deauville American Film Festival Adds 'Snowpiercer' as Closing Film". The Hollywood Reporter. August 20, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  25. "Berlin: Boong Joon-ho's 'Snowpiercer' Gets Forum Special Screening". The Hollywood Reporter. January 23, 2014. Archived from the original on September 1, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  26. "'Snowpiercer' to Open Los Angeles Film Festival". The Hollywood Reporter. April 1, 2014. Archived from the original on June 8, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  27. "Snowpiercer". Edinburgh International Film Festival. June 22, 2014. Archived from the original on July 4, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  28. "Snowpiercer". Metacritic. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  29. "Box Office: July 25-August 7, 2013". Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  30. "Box Office: July 25 – August 7, 2013". Archived from the original on January 2, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  31. "Best of 2014: Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  32. Jones, Julie (April 8, 2015). "Bong Joon Ho Will Film His Next Project In The U.S. And Korea". KDrama Stars. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  33. @jonronson (April 30, 2015). "By the way - writing my first post-Frank screenplay. it's for the brilliant Bong Joon Ho. Well, he wrote the first draft, me the second" (Tweet). Retrieved May 4, 2015 via Twitter.
  34. Stellarise (February 3, 2016). "Bong Joon-ho, Netflix and Darius Khondji join forces for Okja".
  35. Romano, Nick (April 22, 2016). "Bong Joon Ho's 'Okja' Starts Filming with Tilda Swinton, Jake Gyllenhaal".
  36. Lang, Brent (May 19, 2017). "Cannes Apologizes For 'Okja' Screening Technical Glitches". Variety. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  37. Ryan, Patrick (May 19, 2017). "Cannes: Netflix's controversial 'Okja' gets booed for technical snafu". USA Today. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  38. Waxman, Sharon; Pond, Steve (May 19, 2017). "Netflix's 'Okja' Booed at First Press Screening in Cannes". The Wrap. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  39. Mumford, Gwilym (May 19, 2017). "Cannes apologises after technical problems and booing disrupts Netflix film Okja". The Guardian. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  40. Gardner, Chris (May 19, 2017). "Cannes: Netflix's 'Okja' Premiere Gets Four-Minute Standing Ovation After Press Screening Snafu". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  41. "First Teaser for Bong Joon-ho's Okja, Coming to Netflix". February 28, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
  42. "Okja (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  43. "Okja reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  44. Scott, A. O. (June 27, 2017). "Review: In 'Okja,' a Girl and Her Pig Take on the Food Industrial Complex". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
  45. Mumford, Gwilym. "Cannes 2019: Bong Joon-ho's Parasite wins the Palme d'Or – live". The Guardian. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  46. "Oscars: South Korea Selects Palme d'Or Winner 'Parasite' for International Feature Film Award". Variety. August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  47. Hong, You-kyoung (January 24, 2018). "Bong Joon-ho's next film has a cast". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  48. "Bong disregards convention and follows Palme d'Or with Sydney". Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  49. "'Parasite' Sets New Record for Director Bong Joon-Ho at Indie Box Office". TheWrap. November 3, 2019. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  50. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  51. "봉준호 필모그래피" [Bong Joon-ho Filmography]. KMDb (in Korean). Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  52. "Joon-ho Bong". IMDb. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  53. Sunwoo, Carla (April 25, 2007). (백상예술대상) 영화 '타짜'-'드라마 '주몽' 대상 [(Baeksang Grand Prize) Film 'Tazza' and TV Series 'Jumong']. The Chosun Ilbo (in Korean). Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  54. Kim, Cheon-hong (May 29, 2014). "'My Love' stars sweep Baeksang Arts Awards". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  55. 제24회 청룡영화상 [24th Blue Dragon Film Awards]. Blue Dragon Film Awards (in Korean). Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  56. Hong, Seong-yeon (December 15, 2006). '괴물' 청룡영화상 6개 부문 석권 ['The Host' Wins 6 Blue Dragon Awards]. The Hankyoreh (in Korean). Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  57. Song, Gwang-ho (December 3, 2009). '마더' 청룡영화상 최우수작품상 수상 ['Mother' Wins Best Film at Blue Dragon Awards]. The Hankyoreh (in Korean). Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  58. Jackson, Julie (November 24, 2013). "'Wish' snags three wins at Blue Dragon Film Awards". The Korea Herald. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  59. Whittaker, Richard (January 5, 2018). "Korea's Blue-Collar Heroes". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  60. Paquet, Darcy (June 10, 2007). "Koreans make Grand gesture". Variety. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  61. '살인의 추억' 대한민국영화대상 6관왕 ['Memories of Murder' Wins 6 Korean Film Awards]. Korea JoongAng Daily (in Korean). December 1, 2003. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  62. "'The Host' Carries Off Six Trophies at Korea Film Awards". The Chosun Ilbo. November 21, 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2018.

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