Bombardier Global 7500
The Bombardier Global 7500 and Global 8000 are ultra long-range business jets developed by Bombardier Aviation (formerly Bombardier Aerospace). Announced in October 2010, the program was delayed by two years by a wing redesign. The 7500, originally named the 7000, made its first flight on November 4, 2016, was type certified by Transport Canada on September 28, 2018, and entered service on 20 December 2018. The Global 8000 schedule was not determined by January 2018. Based on the Global 6000 with a new transonic wing, the longer, four-zone cabin 7500 has a range of 7,700 nmi (14,300 km), while the shorter three-zone 8000 was to reach 7,900 nmi (14,600 km).
|Global 7500 and 8000|
|Global 7500 at EBACE 2019|
|First flight||7500: November 4, 2016|
|Introduction||7500: 20 Dec. 2018|
8000: to be determined
|Program cost||US$1 billion+|
|Developed from||Bombardier Global 6000|
Announced in October 2010, the jets were initially scheduled for introduction in 2016 for the 7500 and 2017 for the 8000. In 2015, Bombardier decided to redesign the aircraft's wing and, along other development challenges, delayed the programme by over two years. The goal of the redesign was to reduce the wing's weight without altering its aerodynamic profile. The aircraft fly-by-wire system architecture is based on the CSeries one. The airframe will use Aluminium-lithium alloys like the new airliner.
Formerly named Global 7000, its entry into service was initially scheduled for 2016. Former Formula One driver and long time Bombardier brand ambassador Niki Lauda announced his order ahead of the EBACE 2015 convention.
The first test aircraft underwent taxi testing in October 2016, with the first delivery scheduled for the second half of 2018. Dedicated to testing basic system functionality and assessing the handling and flying qualities of the aircraft, its maiden flight was performed on November 4, 2016, climbing to 20,000 feet (6,096 m) and reaching 240 knots during 2 hr 27 min.
The production wing was in final design in February 2017 and was expected to fly on a production-conforming airplane later in the same year. FTV2 flew on March 6, 2017, "The Powerhouse" is designed to test aircraft systems, including propulsion, electrical and mechanical systems. FTV1 is used to open the performance envelope and reached Mach 0.995 on March 29, 2017. FTV3 flew on May 10, 2017, "The Navigator" will be used to test the avionics and electrical system performance. At the end of May 2017, the three prototypes have flown a combined 250h.
The fourth prototype, used for cabin interior validation, is called "The Architect" and the fifth and final, used to pave the way for the entry-into-service, is called "The Masterpiece". The fifth has a slightly lighter production wing supplied by the Triumph Group, after a dispute over the wing weight was resolved.
By mid-July 2017, the three flight-test aircraft had accumulated 500 hours. On 15 August 2017, after "high vibration and high inter-turbine temperature readings", the second prototype's right GE Passport had an in-flight flameout at FL410 and the aircraft went back to Wichita Airport 156 nm (290 km) away for a single engine landing.
In April 2018, the flight test campaign surpassed 1,800h and confirmed a range increase from 7,400 to 7,700 nmi (13,700 to 14,300 km), greater than the competing Gulfstream G650ER's 7,500 nmi (13,900 km), but still overshadowed by the smaller Global 8000's range of 7,900 nmi (14,600 km), 200 nmi (370 km) more than the Global 7500. As the original Global Express is developed into the Global 5500 and 6500, it is renamed Global 7500 to reflect this range increase.
By the end of May 2018, the five flight-test aircraft had amassed about 2,000 hours towards the type's planned entry-into-service at year-end. By June 2018, 2,300 flight test hours had been completed by the test fleet towards certification. The first production aircraft entered the completion centre in May 2018, on track to enter service in the second half of the year.
Flight testing was completed by August 2018 after over 2,400 hours; type certification and introduction into service are expected by year-end, with 15-20 customer deliveries in 2019, as 20 aircraft were in final assembly. By September 2018, the test aircraft had flew over 2,700 hours as FTV1 was retired from testing and repainted to be used as a demonstrator. Bombardier was expecting certification in September 2018.
Transport Canada awarded its type certification on September 28, 2018. FAA type certification followed on November 7, 2018. The first should be delivered in December, and Bombardier expects to deliver 15 to 20 in 2019, then 35-40 in 2020, with the program sold out through 2021. After being delivered in early December, the Global 7500 entered service on 20 December with 100 secured orders.
In January 2019, Bombardier announced its acquisition of the Global 7500 wing manufacturing program and facilities from Triumph Group, a deal that will close in the first quarter of 2019.
Entry into service was initially scheduled for 2017. By September 2016, it was delayed to early 2019. Trading nearly 8 ft (2.4 m) of cabin space for 600 nmi (1,100 km) of range, the Global 8000 accounted for a very small part of the backlog in December 2017 and its schedule was expected to be determined after the Global 7500 entered service. Lacking differentiation, it might be replaced by a higher MTOW Global 7500 variant with more range.
Both are stretched derivatives of the Global 6000 with a new transonic wing. They are powered by the new General Electric Passport 20 16,500 lbf (73 kN) thrust engine with reduced NOx emissions and 8% better fuel efficiency than the Global Express XRS, allowing a Mach 0.90 high-speed cruise. As part of its effort to make the long-range aircraft comfortable for the passengers, Bombardier developed a new ergonomic passenger seat, called the Nuage. The seat design took seven years to complete. Airbus-owned Stelia supplies the main fuselage.
The new, larger and lower-drag wing is optimized for Mach 0.85 with a 35.3° quarter chord wing sweep, a thinner thickness-to-chord ratio, leaner flap track fairings, improved lift-to-drag performance, more efficient winglets and up to 30% better low-speed lift due to double-slotted, inboard Fowler flaps. The new fly-by-wire flight controls with active load alleviation and the flexible, relatively highly loaded wing damps turbulence.
The metal airframe uses aluminium–lithium alloys to save weight. It shares with older Globals its fuselage diameter but thinner frames increase cabin width and height by 1 in (25 mm), the 300 sq in (19 dm2) cabin windows are 80% larger, the nose cowl is recontoured, and the aft fuselage and empennage are new. Basic inspection intervals are 850 hours or 36 months, C checks are every 12 years or 8,500 cycles and the economic life reach 17,000 cycles before life extension through intensive maintenance.
Officially designated as the BD-700-2A12, the design is marketed as the Global 7500. It is stretched by 11 ft 3 in (3.43 m) from the original Global. It is planned to have a four-zone 2,637 cu.ft. (74.67 cu.m.) cabin, 20% more than the previous. It was originally designed to cover a 7,300 nmi (13,500 km) range at Mach 0.85 with 10 passengers.
Its cabin is one-third longer than competing models, providing a fourth seating section up from three, can sleep eight passengers and offers an optional shower and a sleeping crew rest area. Bombardier marketing focused on ultra-high-net-worth individuals and the Global 7500 is the largest, longest range, roomiest and most luxurious purpose-built business aircraft yet built.
Despite the wing area being smaller than the Gulfstream G650ER and a 11% higher MTOW, it has lower V speeds and better runway performance due to the high-lift system with leading-edge slats and double-slotted flaps for a similar power loading. Hourly fuel flow per engine is 500 lb (230 kg) at idle, 6,240 lb (2,830 kg) at takeoff, 1,280 to 1,370 lb (580 to 620 kg) in cruise at Mach 0.85/484 kn (896 km/h) TAS, 1,730 lb (780 kg) at Mach 0.9/515 kn (954 km/h) TAS and 2,400 lb (1,100 kg) at Mach 0.925/523 kn (969 km/h) TAS, around 75,000 lb (34,000 kg) and ISA conditions. An even longer range variant could reach 1,000 nmi (1,900 km) more with another 8,000 lb (3,600 kg) of fuel.
BD-700-2A13, marketed as the Global 8000, is stretched by 2 ft 3 in (0.69 m) from the Global Express. It will feature a three-zone 2,236 cu.ft. (63.32 cu.m.) cabin and a range of 7,900 nmi (14,631 km) at Mach 0.85, farther than any other existing business jet and connecting Sydney to Los Angeles, Hong Kong to New York, and Mumbai to New York with eight passengers.
In March 2019, a Global 7500 set the record for the longest mission ever flown by a purpose-built business jet, with a 8,152 nmi (15,098 km), 16-hour flight from Singapore to Tucson, Arizona; the aircraft landed with fuel reserves for nearly 1.5 hours of additional flight. Gulfstream announced in April 2019 that the G650ER had surpassed this record flying 8,379 nmi (15,518 km), i.e. 225 nm (417 km) farther over a timespan 44 minutes shorter. On 6 October 2019 Bombardier improved their longest mission with an 8,225 nmi (15,233 km) non-stop flight between Sydney and Detroit, claiming the record for "the longest city-pair flown by a purpose-built business aircraft". The Global 7500 also broke the business jet speed record for a flight from Van Nuys Airport near Los Angeles to Teterboro Airport near New York in under four hours, cruising at Mach 0.925 for much of the flight.
While Bombardier is not publishing a specific backlog, industry analyst Rolland Vincent estimated that 200 orders had accumulated by the time of the first flight in November 2016, mostly for the 7500 version. Including the Global 5500/6500, Bombardier expects to deliver 90-100 Globals a year by 2021, up from 40 in 2018, with four 7500 a month, and higher if needed. Luxury charter VistaJet has a deal to purchase up to 30 units, with first delivery scheduled at the end of 2019; NetJets, the largest fractional jet provider, will take up to 20 Global 7500s and Hong Kong management firm HK Bellawings Jet has 18 Global 6500/7500s orders and options. The Global 7500 had 100 secured orders as it entered service on 20 December 2018. In October 2019, VistaJet said it plans to launch commercial flights on its first Global 7500 in January 2020.
|21 October 2010||London Air Services||TBD||1|
|14 December 2010||Comlux||TBD||2|
|2 March 2011||NetJets||TBD||20|
|21 June 2011||VistaJet Holding SA||TBD||10|
|21 June 2011||AvWest||TBD||4||2|
|27 November 2012||VistaJet||TBD||6|
|18 June 2013||Undisclosed||TBD||12|
|30 January 2014||Undisclosed||TBD||2||3|
|18 May 2015||Niki Lauda||TBD||1|
- no 7500/8000 allocation
|model||Global 7500||Global 8000|
|Passengers||Up to 19||Up to 17|
|Length||111.17 ft / 33.88 m||102 ft 2 in / 31.2 m|
|Wingspan||104 ft 0 in / 31.7 m|
|Height||27 ft 0 in / 8.2 m||27 ft 1 in / 8.3 m|
|Cabin length||54 ft 5 in / 16.59 m||45 ft 7 in / 13.89 m|
|Cabin section||8 ft 0 in / 2.44 m width, 6 ft 2 in / 1.88 m height|
|Engines||General Electric Passport|
|Thrust||18,920 lbf (84.2 kN)||16,500 lb / 73 kN|
|MMo||Mach 0.925 (530 kn / 982 km/h)|
|Cruise||Mach 0.85 (487 kn / 902 km/h), Mach 0.90 (516 kn / 955 km/h) Max.|
|Range||7,700 nm / 14,260 km||7,900 nm / 14,631 km|
|Takeoff||5,880 ft / 1,792 m||5,800 ft / 1,768 m|
|Landing||2,520 ft / 768 m||2,450 ft / 747 m|
|Ceiling||51,000 ft / 15,545 m (initial cruise:43,000 ft / 13,106 m)|
|Weights||Global 7500||Global 8000|
|MTOW||114,850 lb / 52,096 kg||104,800 lb / 47,536 kg|
|BOW||61,700 lb / 27,987 kg||54,300 lb / 24,630 kg|
|Fuel capacity||51,503 lb / 23,362 kg||48,950 lb / 22,203 kg|
|Max. payload||5,800 lb / 2,631 kg||5,700 lb / 2,585 kg|
|Wing loading||91 lb/sq ft (440 kg/m2)|
|Wing area||1,254 sq ft (116.5 m2) (12.06 AR)|
- ISA +20°C flat rated
- M 0.85, NBAA IFR Reserves, ISA, 8 pax
- SL, ISA, MTOW
- SL, ISA, MLW
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Airbus ACJ
- Boeing BBJ
- Gulfstream G650
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