Bois-Franc, Quebec

Bois-Franc is a municipality in the La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Maniwaki. Its territory is along the western shores of the upper Gatineau River.

Bois-Franc
Bois-Franc
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°30′N 75°59′W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionOutaouais
RCMLa Vallée-de-la-Gatineau
ConstitutedNovember 17, 1920
Government
  MayorArmand Hubert
  Federal ridingPontiac
  Prov. ridingGatineau
Area
  Total74.20 km2 (28.65 sq mi)
  Land74.55 km2 (28.78 sq mi)
 There is an apparent contradiction between two authoritative sources
Population
 (2011)[3]
  Total447
  Density6.0/km2 (16/sq mi)
  Pop (2006–11)
0.4%
  Dwellings
212
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J9E 3A9
Area code(s)819
Websitewww.bois-franc.ca

The adjective franc has its origin in the western regions of France and means excellent, good, strong, solid, hard. Therefore the name Bois-Franc can be translated as "hardwood" and is a reference to magnificent stands of hardwoods found within the municipality, including beech, ash, maple and birch.[4]

History

Its first European settlers came in 1870.[5] Its post office, named Bois-Franc, opened in 1886. In 1920, the Municipality of Bois-Franc was founded when it separated from the Egan Municipality Township.[4]

Economy

Its primary industry is logging and forestry. Industrial Park "Réjean Lafrenière" is home to the oriented strand board factory Louisiana-Pacific Canada ltd. Division Quebec; one of the largest plants of its kind in North America.[5]

Demographics

Population trend:[6]

  • Population in 2011: 447 (2006 to 2011 population change: -0.4 %)
  • Population in 2006: 449
  • Population in 2001: 422
    • 2001 to 2006 population change: 6.4%
  • Population in 1996: 425
  • Population in 1991: 437

Private dwellings (occupied by usual residents): 196

Languages:

  • French as first language: 96%
  • English as first language: 2%
  • Other as first language: 2%

References

  1. Reference number 6639 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. Geographic code 83085 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. "(Code 2483085) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  4. "Bois-Franc (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2008-09-10.
  5. "Bois-Franc" (in French). MRC de La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau. Archived from the original on 2008-06-11. Retrieved 2008-09-10.
  6. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
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